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WATER (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1974

Title : WATER (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1974

Year : 1974



Sub-section (2) or sub-section(3) or section 20, or orders issued under clause(c) of sub sub-section(1) of section 32, or directions issued under sub-section (2) of section 33 or section 33A. Whoever fails to comply with any direction given under sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) of section 20.within such time as may be specified in the direction shall, on conviction, be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or with both and in case the failure continues, with an additional fine which may extend to five thousand rupees for every day during which such failure continues after the conviction for the first such failure.

(2) Whoever fails to comply with any order issued under clause (c) of subsection (1) of section 32 or any direction issued by a court under sub-section (2) of section 33 or any direction issued under section 33A shall, in respect of each such failure and on not be less than one year and six months but which may extend to six years and with fine, and in case the failure continue , with an additional fine which may extend to five thousand rupees for every day during which such failure continues after the, conviction for the first such failure.

(3) If the failure referred to in sub-section (2) continues beyond a period of one year after the date of conviction, the offender shall, on conviction, be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than two year but which may extend to seven years and with fine.

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1. Subs. by Act 53 of 1988, s.21.

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(1) Whoever-

(a) Destroys, pulls down, removes, injures or defaces any pillar, post or stake fixed in the ground or any notice or other matter put up, inscribed or placed, by or under the authority of the Board, or

(b) Obstructs any person acting under the orders or directions of the Board from exercising his powers and performing his functions under this Act, or

(c) Damages any works or property belonging to the Board, or

(d) Fails to furnish to any officer or other employee of the Board any information required by him for the purpose of this Act, or

(e) Fails to intimate the occurrence of any accident or other unforeseen act or event under section 31 to the Board and other authorities or agencies as required by that section, or

(f) In giving any information which he is required to give under this Act, knowingly or willfully makes a statement which is false in any material particular, or

(g) For the purpose of obtaining any consent under section 25 or section 26, knowingly or willfully makes a statement which is false in any material particular, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to 1*[ten thousand rupees]or with both.

(2) Where for the grant of a consent in pursuance of the provisions of section 25 or section 26 the use of a meter or gauge or other measure or monitoring device is required and such device is used for the purposes of those provisions, any person who knowingly or willfully alters or interferes with that device so as to prevent it from monitoring or measuring correctly shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to 1*[ten thousand rupees] or with both.

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1. Subs. by Act 53 of 1988, s.22.

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Whoever contravenes the provisions of section 24 shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than 1*[one year and six months] but which may extend to six years and with fine.

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1. Subs. by Act 53 of 1988, S.24.

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Whoever contravenes the provisions of section 25 or section 26 shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than 1*[one year and six moths], but which may extend to six years and with fine.

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1. Subs. by Act 53 of 1988, S.24.

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If any person who has been convicted of any offence under section 24 or section 25.or section 26 is again found guilty of an offence involving a contravention of the same provision, he shall, on the second and on every subsequent conviction, be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than 1*[two years] but which may extend to seven years and with fine:

Provided that for the purpose of this section no cognizance shall be taken of any conviction made more than two years before the commission of the offence which is being punished.

45A. Penalty for contravention of certain provisions of the Act.

Whoever contravenes any of the provisions of this Act or fails to comply with any order or direction given under this Act, for which no penalty has been elsewhere provided in this Act, shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or with both and in the case of a continuing contravention or failure, with an additional fine which may extend to five thousand rupees for every day during which such contravention or failure continues after conviction for the first such contravention or failure.

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1. Ins. by s.25, ibid.

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If any person convicted of an offence under this act commits a like offence afterwards it shall be lawful for the court before which the second or subsequent conviction takes place to cause the offenders name and place of residence, the offence and the penalty imposed to be published at the offenders expense in such newspapers or in such other manner as the court may direct and the expenses of such publication shall be deemed to be part of the cost attending the conviction and shall be recoverable in the same manner as a fine.



(1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who at the time the offence was committed was in charge of, and was responsible to the company for the conduct of, the business of the company, as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment provided in this Act if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.

(2)Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this section,-

(a) "Company" means any body corporate, and includes a firm or other association of individuals; and

(b) "Director" in relation to a firm means a partner in the firm.



Where an offence under this Act has been committed by only Department of Government, the Head of the Department shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:

Provided
that nothing contained in this section shall render such Head of the Department liable to any punishment if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.



(1) 1* No court shall take cognizance of any offence under this Act except on a complaint made by-

(a) A Board or any officer authorised in this behalf by it;or

(b) Any person who has given notice of not less than sixty days, in, the manner prescribed, of the alleged offence and of his intention to make a complaint, to the Board or Officer authorised as aforesaid, and no court inferior to that of a Metropolitan Magistrate or a Judicial magistrate of the first class shall try any offence Punishable under this Act.

(2) Where a complaint has been made under clause (b) sub-section (1), the Board shall, on demand by such person make available the relevant reports in its possession to that person.

Provided that the Board may refuse to make any such report available to such person if the same is, in its opinion, against the public interest.

(3)2* Notwithstanding anything contained in section 29 of the Code of, Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), it shall be lawful for any Judicial Magistrate of the first class or for any Metropolitan Magistrate to pass a sentence of imprisonment for a term exceeding two years or of fine exceeding two thousand rupees on any person convicted of an offence punishable under this Act.

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1 Subs. by Act 44 of 1978, s. 19, for certain words.

2 Subs. renumered & ins. by Act 53 of 1988,s.26

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All members, officers and servants of a Board when acting or purporting to act in pursuance of any of the provisions of this Act and the rules made there under shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code.(45 of 1860).

Last updated on September, 2016

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