A summon is a court order to an individual to appear in court at a specified time and place. A summon may be issued in both criminal and in civil cases.
HOW IS A SUMMON SERVED
- Every summon shall be served by a police officer, or by an officer of the court issuing it or any other public servant.
- The summon shall if practical, be served personally on the person summoned, by delivering or tendering to him one of the duplicates of the summons.
- Every person on whom a summon is served shall sign a receipt on the back of the other duplicate.
SERVICE WHEN PERSONS SUMMONED CANNOT BE FOUND
Where the persons summoned cannot be found, the summons may be served by leaving one of the duplicates for the person with some adult male member of the family residing with him, and the person with whom the summon is left, shall sign a receipt on the back of the duplicate.
A servant is not a member of the family.
SUMMONS MAY BE SERVED BY POST TO A WITNESS
A court issuing summons to a witness may simultaneously direct a copy of the summons to be served by registered post addressed to the witness. When an acknowledgment purporting to be signed by the witness or an endorsement is made by the postal employee that the witness refused to take delivery of the summons has been received, the Court issuing the summons may declare that the summons has been duly served.
In case the service of summons is evaded the court may issue bailable or non-bailable warrants.
PROCLAMATION FOR PERSON ABSCONDING
If any court has reason to believe that any person against whom a warrant has been issued has absconded or is concealing himself so that such warrant cannot be executed, such court may publish a written proclamation requiring him to appear at a specified place and time within 30 days of publishing such proclamation.
The proclamation shall be published as follows:-
- It shall be publicly read in some conspicuous place of the town or village in which such person ordinarily resides;
- It shall be affixed in some conspicuous part of the house or homestead in which such person ordinarily resides or to some conspicuous place of such town or village;
- A copy thereof shall be affixed to some conspicuous part of the court house;
- The court may also, if it thinks fit, direct a copy of the proclamation to be published in a daily newspaper circulating in the place in which person resides.
ATTACHMENT OF PROPERTY OF PERSON ABSCONDING
The Court issuing a proclamation may, at any time after the issue of the proclamation, order the attachment of any property, movable or immovable or both, belonging to the proclaimed person:
Provided where at the time of issue of the proclamation the Court is satisfied that the person in relation to whom the proclamation is to be issued–
- is about to dispose of the whole or any part of his property, or
- is about to remove the whole or any part of his property from the local jurisdiction of the Court,
it may order the attachment simultaneously with the issue of the proclamation.
- To accept the summons and sign the duplicate if required.
- To treat the officer serving the summon with respect.
- To appear on the date mentioned in the summons or engage a lawyer to appear on your behalf.