A look at how paternity leaves and benefits for men are provided in India and how this Act must be mandated by the Parliament.
It was in the year 2017 that the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act had been introduces in India along with another very important bill known as the Paternity Benefit Bill eventually enacted in 2018. While this bill had been proposed in the Lok Sabha in 2017, a lot of stress was laid on the fact that there needs to be a mandate for men who are in fact equally responsible for availing off benefits accrued after the birth of a child and in consequence to this, the Lok Sabha mandated that a compulsory paternity leave of fifteen days which could be extended up to a period of three months must be granted to all new father's.
With the equality of rights and opportunities between men and women and with the rise of feminism in society, there existed a need to recognize the role of the father as an equal contributor to raise a new born child. This gave father's the much needed opportunity for bonding with their new born children without any compromises on the work front which could render them in a very precarious state. It was also reiterated that this was absolutely necessary since this drew father's closer towards their role and responsibilities in childcare without the constraints of the workplace with extended time and space required for any father to adapt to newfound parenthood and thereby help the mother who otherwise was left to handle all the duties single handedly.
The International Labour Organization in its report in 2014 reiterated they there existed no particular standard which specifically managed the aspects of paternity leaves, however it's 2009 resolution on gender equality, provided much recognition to the fact that both work as well as familial responsibilities were the duties of both men and women alike with no special privilege or demarcation for either of the genders.
Thus, the Paternity Benefit Bill accommodates several advantages to new fathers such as mandatory paternity leaves in order to enable working father's to be more in tune with their responsibilities as a father and towards their family in general.
This paternity Benefit Bill is of great comfort to every male employee looking to become a father. If the Paternity Bill gets passed after its much longed for proposition in 2017, the bill would revolutionize the way we view the birth of a child and the responsibilities involved with it in our country particularly. This is due to the following reasons:-
As we can determine from the above analysis, the enactment of the Paternity Benefit Act will provide men with the right to fatherhood and bonding with their new born child which was not seen as important or required before, but is an integral right of every parent. In light of providing equality of rights and responsibilities for both men and women, such a Bill will increase the welfare of the society in general as well as help India to surge ahead as a country with some of the best employment practices.
#tags- paternity leave, paternity, men, male employee, fatherhood, maternity benefits act, equality, lok sabha, government.