International Relations

Title IV International Relations

Article 167: Shared Responsibility
1.

1.1. The King manages international relations, without prejudice to the ability of Communities and Regions to engage in international co-operation, including the signature of treaties, for those matters within their responsibilities as established by the Constitution and in virtue thereof.

1.2. The King commands the armed forces, and determines the state of war and the cessation of hostilities. He notifies the Houses as soon as State interests and security permit and he adds those messages deemed appropriate.

1.3. Territorial transfers, exchanges, and additions may take place only by virtue of a law.

2. The King concludes treaties, with the exception of those described in Paragraph 3. These treaties may take effect only following approval of the Houses.

3. Those Community and Regional Governments described in Article conclude, in matters that concern them, treaties regarding matters that are in the scope of the responsibilities of their Councils. These treaties may take effect only following approval by the council.
4. A law adopted by majority vote as described in Article 4, last paragraph, specifies the terms for conclusion of treaties described in Paragraph 3., and for those treaties not exclusively concerned with issues within the competence of Regions or Communities or by virtue of the Constitution.

5.

1. The King may denounce treaties concluded before 18 May 1993 and Covering matters described in Paragraph 3. of common accord with those Community or Regional Governments concerned.

2. The King denounces these treaties if the Community or Regional Governments concerned invite him to do so. A law adopted by majority vote as described in Article 4 last paragraph, establishes the procedure in the event of disagreement between the Community or Regional Governments concerned.

Article 168: Parliament Information

The Houses are informed from the beginning of negotiations concerning any revision of the treaties establishing the European Community in addition to treaties and acts which may have modified or completed the latter. They are aware of the planned treaty prior to signature.

Article 169: Representation of Powers

In order to ensure respect of international or supranational obligations, the authorities described in Articles 36 and 37 may, within the limits established by law, temporarily substitute themselves for those bodies described in Articles 115 and 121. This law must be adopted by majority vote as established in Article 4 last paragraph,