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Political System

Constitution of Bhutan

Editors Note

Bhutan does not have a written constitution as of now. The draft of the constitution is currently being prepared by a 39-member Drafting Committee. It is expected that it will establish a dynamic system of governance which would uphold the true principles of people participation. We will upload it on our web site as soon as it is available to us. In the mean time following is the information supplied to us

Political System

The Bhutanese system of governance is in many respects, unique in the world. It is a system that provides people with direct access to the nations monarch. It incorporates fora where the people elected representatives debate and make decisions on matters of national importance, with an agenda based upon the concerns and aspirations of the local community. Evidence of the capacity of this system of governance for further evolution is provided by the importance accorded to decentralization aimed at further empowering local communities and at enlarging opportunities for them to share in decision making on the future of the nation.

The Royal Government of Bhutan

While far-reaching initiatives were undertaken by Successive monarchs to strengthen the Kingdoms political and legal institutions and establish an effective democratic framework, the most significant political changes were initiated by His Majesty King Jigme Singye Wangchuck, fourth in the Wangchuck Dynasty.


In 1981 His Majesty introduced a programmed of administrative and political decentralization. This enhanced democratic powers, social responsibilities, transparent processes and decision-making at the grass roots level.

Election of Ministers

The greatest change in the devolution of power took place during the 76th session of the National Assembly in 1998. Through an unprecedented Royal Edict, the Lhengye Zhungtshog (Cabinet) was dissolved and the National Assembly elected the members of the Council of Ministers by a secret ballot. Full executive powers were devolved to the Council of Ministers.
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