The King

Chapter II The King

Article 7: Head of State

1. The King of Cambodia shall reign but not govern.

2. The King is the Head of State for life.

3. The King is inviolable.

Article 8: Unity

1. The King of Cambodia shall be a symbol of unity and eternity of the nation.

2. The King is the guarantor of the national independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of the Kingdom of Cambodia, the protector of rights and freedom for all citizens, and the guarantor of international treaties.

Article 9: Arbitrator

The King assumes the august role of arbitrator to ensure the faithful execution of public powers.

Article 10: Appointed Monarch

1. The Cambodian monarchy is an appointed regime.

2. The King does not have the power to appoint a heir to the throne.

Article 11: Disability, Regent

If the King cannot perform His normal duties as Head of State due to His serious illness as certified by doctors chosen by the President of the Assembly and the Prime Minister, the President of the Assembly performs the duties of Head of State as "Regent".

Article 12: Death, Regent

In case of the death of the King, the President of the Assembly takes over the responsibility as Acting Head of State in the capacity of Regent of the Kingdom of Cambodia.

Article 13: Appointment of New Monarch

1. Within a period of not more than seven days, the new King of the Kingdom of Cambodia shall be chosen by the Royal Council of the Throne.

2. The Royal Council of The Throne shall consist of: - the President of the National Assembly; - the Prime Minister; - the Chiefs of the orders of Mohanikay and Thammayut; and - the First and Second Vice-President of the Assembly.

3. The organization and functioning of the Council Throne shall be determined by law.

Article 14: Dynasty

1. The King of Cambodia shall be a member of the Royal family, of at least 30 years, descending from the blood line of King Ang Duong, King Norodom or King Sisowath.

2. Upon enthronement, the King shall take the oath of allegiance as stipulated in Annex IV.

Article 15: Queen

1. The wife of the reigning King shall have the royal title of Queen of the Kingdom of Cambodia.

Article 16: Functions of the Queen

1. The Queen of the Kingdom of Cambodia does not have the right to engage in politics, to assume the role of Head of State or head of Government, or to assume other administrative or political roles.

2. The Queen of the Kingdom of Cambodia shall exercise activities that serves the social, humanitarian , religious interests, and shall assist the King with protocol and diplomatic functions.

Article 17: Eternal Restriction

The provision as stated in Article7(1), "the King shall reign but not govern", may absolutely not be amended.

Article 18: Royal Messages

The King communicates with the Assembly by royal messages. These royal messages may not be subjected to discussion by the National Assembly.

Article 19: Appointment of Ministers

The King appoints the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers according to the procedure stipulated in Article 100.

Article 20: Audience

The King grants an audience twice a month to the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers to hear their reports on the State of the Nation.

Article 21: Other Appointments

1. Upon proposals by the Council of Ministers, the King signs decrees appointing, transferring, or ending the mission of high civil and military officials, ambassadors, and Envoys Extraordinary and plenipotentiary.

2. Upon proposal by the Supreme Council of the Magistracy, the King signs decrees appointing, transferring, or removing judges.

Article 22: State of Emergency

When the nation faces danger, the King shall make a proclamation to the people putting the country in a state of emergency after agreement with the Prime Minister and the President of the Assembly.

Article 23: Supreme Commander

The King is the Supreme Commander of the Royal Khmer Armed Forces. The Commander in-Chief of the Royal Khmer Armed Forces is appointed to command the Royal Khmer Armed Forces.

Article 24: Defense, War

1. The King is serve as Chairman of the Supreme Council of National Defence to be established by law.

2. The King declares war after approval of the National Assembly.

Article 25: Diplomacy

The King receives letters of credentials from ambassadors or envoys extraordinary and plenipotentiary of foreign countries accredited to the Kingdom of Cambodia.

Article 26: Treaties

The King signs and ratifies international treaties and conventions after a vote of approval by the National Assembly.

Article 27: Amnesty

The King has the right to grant partial or complete amnesty.

Article 28: Countersignature

The King signs the law promulgating the Constitution, laws adopted by the National Assembly, and decrees presented by the council of Ministers.

Article 29: Medals, Ranks

1. The King establishes and confers national medals proposed by the Council of Ministers.

2. The King confers civil and military ranks as determined by law.

Article 30: Absence, Acting Head of State

In the absence of the King, the President of the Assembly assumes the duties of Acting Head of State.