National Congress

CHAPTER V National Congress Article 42

The National Congress is composed of two houses: the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Both concur in the making of laws in accordance with this Constitution and have the other powers established therein.

Composition and Generation of the Chamber of Deputies and Senate

Article 43
  1. The Chamber of Deputies is composed of 120 members elected by direct ballot of the electoral districts established by the respective constitutional organic law.
  2. The Chamber of Deputies shall be totally renewed every four years. However, should the President of the Republic make use of the authority conferred upon him by No 5 of Article 32, the newly elected Chamber shall operate, in such case, only during the time left for the dissolved Chamber to complete its period.
Article 44

Eligible candidates to be elected Deputies are Chilean citizens of twenty-one years of age, who have the right to vote and have completed secondary education, or the equivalent thereof, and residing in the region of the pertinent electoral district for a period not inferior to three years prior to the date of the election.

Article 45

  1. The Senate shall be composed of members elected by direct ballot by each of the thirteen regions of the country. Each region shall elect two Senators, in the manner determined by the respective constitutional organic law.
  2. The Senators elected by direct ballot shall remain in office for a period of eight years and they shall be replaced alternately every four years. Those representing odd-numbered regions shall be replaced in one period, and those representing even-numbered regions and the metropolitan area shall be replaced in the following period.
  3. The Senate shall also be composed of:
    1. Former Presidents of the Republic who should have served for six consecutive years in that capacity, except for the occurrence of the situations described in paragraph 3 of No 1 of Article 49 of this Constitution. These Senators shall hold their positions in their own right for life, without prejudice that incompatibilities, incapacities and grounds for suspension described in Articles 55, 56 and 57 of this Constitution may be applied;
    2. Two former Ministers of the Supreme Court, elected by the latter in successive balloting and who should have held their office for, at least, two consecutive years;
    3. A former Comptroller General of the Republic who should have held the office for at least two consecutive years, also elected by the Supreme Court;
    4. A former Commander-in-Chief of the Army, one of the Navy, another of the Air Force, and a former General, Director of the Armed Police, who should have been in their office for at least two years, elected by the National Security Council;
    5. A former Rector of a State University or of a University acknowledged by the State, who should have held office for a period not less than two consecutive years, appointed by the President of the Republic, and
    6. A former Minister of State who should have held that position for more than two consecutive years in presidential periods prior to that in which the appointment is made, also designated by the President of the Republic.
  4. The Senators referred to in letters (b), (c), (d), (e) and (f) of this Article, shall serve for the term of eight years. Should there be only three, or fewer, persons qualifying as per requirements set forth in letters (b) through (f) of this Article, citizens having held other relevant positions in bodies, institutions or services mentioned in each of the above letters, may be designated.
  5. The appointment of these Senators shall be made every eight years within fifteen days following the corresponding senatorial election. The vacancies shall be filled within the same period of time, as from the date such vacancies should occur.
  6. Not eligible for the nomination of Senator are those persons who should have been discharged from office by pronouncement of the Senate, in accordance with Article 49.
Article 46

Eligible candidates to be elected Senators are Chilean citizens who have the right to vote, three years of residence in the respective region, prior to the date of the election, and who have completed secondary education or the equivalent and have attained to the age of 40 years by the day of the election.

Article 47

  1. It shall be understood that Deputies and Senators have, solely by operation of law, their residence in the corresponding region while serving office in the National Congress.
  2. The elections for Deputies and for the Senators who are to be elected by direct ballot, shall be held jointly. Congressmen may be re-elected to serve their offices.
  3. Vacancies of Deputies and of Senators elected by direct ballot, occurring at any time, shall be filled by means of elections held by the Chamber of Deputies or the Senate, as the case may be, by absolute majority of serving members thereof. Should several vacancies occur simultaneously, separate and successive voting shall be required for filling them. Should the vacancy occur with respect to any of the Senators referred to in letters (b), (c), (d), (e) and (f) of Article 45, such vacancy shall be filled in accordance with the procedure prescribed for in said Article. The newly-elected Deputy or Senator shall hold office throughout the term which the person who originated the vacancy left for the completion of his term.
Exclusive Powers of the Chamber of Deputies
Article 48

The exclusive powers of the Chamber of Deputies are:
  1. To control the actions of the Government. In order to exercise this power the Chamber may, with the vote of the majority of the Deputies present, adopt agreements or suggest observations which shall be transmitted in writing to the President of the Republic, and the Government must reply, through the competent Minister of State, within thirty days. In no case will such agreements or observations affect the political responsibility of the Ministers of State and the Government's obligation shall be understood to be fulfilled simply by delivering its reply.
  2. Any Deputy may request information of a specific nature from the Government, provided that his proposal should meet with the favorable vote of one third of the Chamber members present, and
  3. To declare whether accusations made by not less than ten and no more than twenty of its members against the following- persons should or should not be acceptable:
    1. The President of the Republic, for actions of his administration, which may have gravely affected the honor and the security of the Nation, or have openly violated the Constitution or the law. The accusation may be filed while the President is in office and within a period of six months following the expiration of his term. During the latter period he may not leave the country without the consent of the Chamber;
    2. Ministers of State, for actions which may have gravely affected the honor and the security of the Nation, for violating the Constitution or the law or for not having executed the laws and for the crimes of treason, extortion, embezzlement of public funds and bribery;
    3. Judges of the Higher Courts of Justice and the Comptroller General of the Republic, for notorious abandonment of their duties;
    4. Generals or Admirals of the institutions belonging to the Forces of National Defense, for having gravely affected the honor and security of the Nation; and
    5. Intendants and Governors, for breach of the Constitution and for the crimes of treason, sedition, embezzlement of public funds and extortion.
  4. The accusation shall be processed in accordance with the constitutional organic law relative to the Congress.
  5. The accusations referred to in letters (b), (c), (d) and (e) may be filed while the person concerned is serving office or during the term of three months following the expiration of his office. Upon filing the accusation, the person concerned may not leave the country without the Chamber's permission and in no case whatsoever can he do so if the accusation brought against him should have been already approved.
  6. The vote of the majority of the Deputies in office is required in order to declare whether the accusation brought against the President of the Republic is or is not acceptable.
  7. In the other instances, a vote of the majority of the Deputies present shall be required and the accused shall be suspended in the performance of his functions from the time the Chamber declares that the accusation is acceptable. The suspension shall cease if the Senate should reject the accusation or if it should not make a pronouncement thereon within the following thirty days.
Exclusive Powers of the Senate
Article 49

The exclusive powers of the Senate are:
  1. To take cognizance of the accusations presented by the Chamber of Deputies, in accordance with the preceding Article.
  2. The Senate shall act as a jury and shall be limited to declare whether or not the accused is guilty of the offense, violation or abuse of authority imputed to him.
  3. The declaration of guilt must be pronounced by two thirds of the Senators in office, in the case of an accusation brought against the President of the Republic; in other cases, by the majority of the Senators in office.
  4. Upon pronouncement of the declaration of guilt, the accused is removed from his position and he may not hold other public positions, whether subject to public election or not, for a period of five years.
  5. The official declared guilty shall be subject to judgment by the competent court, in accordance with terms of the law both to ascertain the applicable penalties prescribed for the crime, if any, and to establish civil liability for the harm and damage caused to the State or to private individuals;
  6. To decide on the admissibility of judicial actions which any individual would attempt to bring against any Minister of State, on the grounds of damage which any such person may have unjustly suffered as a result of actions of a Minister of State while performing his duties;
  7. To take cognizance of conflicts of jurisdiction arising between political or administrative authorities and Higher Courts of Justice;
  8. To grant recovery of citizenship in the case prescribed in Article 17, No 2 of this Constitution;
  9. To lend or deny its consent to actions of the President of the Republic in cases required by the Constitution or by the law.
  10. Should the Senate not make a pronouncement thereupon, within thirty days following the request of the President of the Republic for urgency thereof, it shall be understood that its assent has been granted;
  11. To grant its approval for the President of the Republic to leave the country for a period exceeding thirty days or during the last ninety days of his term;
  12. To declare the incapacity of the President of the Republic or of the President-elect when a physical or mental impediment prevents him from performing his duties; and to, likewise, declare in case of d emission of the President of the Republic, whether or not the grounds therefore are well-founded and, in consequence, to accept or reject the d emission. In both cases, the Constitutional Court should be previously heard;
  13. To approve by the majority of its members in office, the declaration of the Constitutional Court, reference to which is made in the second part of No 8 of Article 82;
  14. To exercise the authority prescribed for in the second part of Article 29; and
  15. To give its opinion to the President of the Republic in cases when he should so request.
  16. The Senate, its legislative committees and other bodies thereof, including the parliamentary committees if any, and the Senators, may under no circumstances whatsoever, control the actions of the Government nor of its dependent entities, nor may they adopt agreements implying inspection, nor call special sessions or parts of sessions in order to issue opinions regarding such actions, nor on matters alien to its functions.
Exclusive Powers of the Congress

Article 50

The exclusive powers of Congress are:
  1. To approve or reject international treaties submitted by the President of the Republic prior to ratification thereof. The approval of a treaty shall be subject to the procedures prescribed by a law.
  2. The measures which the President of the Republic adopts or the agreements concluded by him for the fulfillment of a treaty in force shall not require new approval by the Congress, except in cases which constitute a matter of law.
  3. In the same agreement, whereby a treaty is approved, the Congress may authorize the President of the Republic to decree, while such treaty is in force, the provisions with force of law which he may deem necessary for the complete enforcement thereof and in such circumstances, provisions prescribed for in the second and following paragraphs of Article 61 shall apply; and
  4. To make a pronouncement on the state of siege, in accordance with No 2 of Article 40 of this Constitution.
Functioning of Congress

Article 51

Ordinary sessions of Congress shall be held every year commencing on the 21st day of May and ending on the 18th day of September.

Article 52

  1. Congress may be convoked by the President of the Republic for an extraordinary session within the last ten days of an ordinary legislature or during parliamentary recess.
  2. Should Congress not be convoked by the President of the Republic, it may convoke itself for an extraordinary session, through the President of the Senate, and upon written request of the majority of the members in office, of each of its Chambers. Self -convocation of Congress shall apply only during parliamentary recess and provided Congress had not been convoked by the President of the Republic.
  3. When convoked by the President of the Republic, Congress may only deal with legislative matters or with international treaties, which the President of the Republic may have included in the agenda for said convocation, without prejudice to the dispatch of the Budgetary Law and the power of both Chambers to exercise their exclusive powers.
  4. When convoked by the President of the Senate, Congress may deal with any matter of its concern.
  5. The Congress shall always be understood to be convoked as a matter of law, to take cognizance of the declaration of the state of siege.

Article 53

The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate may not commence sessions thereof or adopt resolutions without the attendance of one third of its members in office.
Each Chamber shall establish its own regulations for closure of debate by simple majority.

Common Norms for Deputies and Senators

Article 54

The following persons may not be candidates for Deputy or Senator:
  1. Ministers of State;
  2. Attendants, Governors, Mayors and Members of Regional and Community Councils;
  3. embers of the Board of the Central Bank;4.- The Justices of the Higher Courts of Justice, ordinary Judges, and Officers in charge of the Attorney Generalship;
  4. embers of the Constitutional Court, of the Elections Qualifying Court and of the Regional Electoral Courts;
  5. he Comptroller General of the Republic;
  6. Leaders of Unions, or Neighbors' Committees; and8.- Natural persons and managers or administrators of bodies corporate who enter into contracts with the State, or guarantee such contracts.
  7. The ineligibility established in this Article, shall be applied to those who may have had the positions or duties mentioned above within two years immediately before the election; should they not be elected at that time, they may not be reinstated in the same position, nor may they be appointed for positions similar to those held for two years following the election.
Article 55

  1. The offices of Deputies and Senators are incompatible with each other and with any employment or commission paid for with funds of the State, or from Municipalities, autonomous Public Entities, Semi-public or State Enterprises, or those in which the National Treasury participates with the contribution of capital funds, and with all other functions or commissions of the same nature. Teaching positions and functions or commissions of an equal character in higher, secondary and special education are excepted.
  2. Likewise, the officers of Deputies and Senators are incompatible with the functions of board members or advisers, even if they should be ad honor em (sic.) in autonomous Public Entities, Semi-public or State Enterprises, or those in which the State participates with a contribution of capital.
  3. By the mere fact of being elected, the Deputy or the Senator shall cease in any other incompatible position, employment, function or commission held, effective on the date of his proclamation by the Elections Qualifying Court. In the case of former Presidents of the Republic, the mere fact of having become a member of the Senate, shall entail immediate surrender of incompatible positions, employment, functions or commissions which they should be holding. In the case of Senators referred to in letters (b) through (f) of the third paragraph of Article 45, they shall have the option to choose between that position and other incompatible position, employment, function or commission within fifteen days following their designation; should such option not be exercised, they shall lose the status of Senator.

Article 56
  1. No Deputy or Senator, from the time of incorporation in the case of letter (a) of Article 45, from the time he was proclaimed elect by the Elections Qualifying Court or from the date of his designation, as the case may be, and six months following the end of his term may be assigned to a position, function or commission such as those referred to in the preceding Article.
  2. This provision shall not apply in case of a foreign war; nor is it applicable to the positions held by the President of the Republic, Ministers of State and Diplomatic Agents; but only the positions conferred upon in state of war, are compatible with the functions of Deputy or Senator.
Article 57
  1. The Deputy or the Senator who should leave the country for more than thirty days, without permission of the Chamber where he belongs or in case of recess thereof, of its President, shall cease holding his seat.
  2. A Deputy or Senator shall cease holding his seat, if during his term, he should enter into or guarantee contracts with the State; when acting as an attorney or agent in any type of lawsuit brought against the State; or when acting as an attorney or agent in private negotiations of an administrative nature, providing for public employment, counselor, functions or commissions of a similar nature. The same penalty shall be applied to the Deputy or Senator who should accept the position of Board Member of a Bank or corporation or perform functions of similar importance in these activities.
  3. The penalty referred to in the preceding paragraph, shall apply regardless as to whether the Deputy or the Senator should act for himself or through an intermediary, a natural person or body corporate or through an association to which he should be a party.
  4. A Deputy or a Senator shall cease to hold his office it he should exercise any influence upon administrative or judicial authorities in favor or on behalf of the employer or of the workers in bargaining or labor conflicts, either of the public or private sector, or intervening in them before any of the parties. The same penalty shall be applied to the congressmen who should act or intervene in student activities, regardless of the branch of education, for the purpose of attempting against the normal course thereof.
  5. Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 8, a Deputy or Senator shall, likewise, cease holding office if he should verbally or in writing incite to alteration of public order or advocate a change in the institutional juridical order by means other than those established by this Constitution, or should gravely affect the security and honor of the Nation.
  6. A Deputy or Senator shall also cease holding his office if, while performing the functions of President of the respective Chamber or Committee, he permits the voting on a motion or proposal which is declared openly contrary to the Political Constitution of the State by the Constitutional Court. The same penalty shall be applied to the author or authors of such a motion or proposal.
  7. The Deputy or Senator who should lose his position on any of the aforementioned grounds, shall not be eligible for any function or public employment, whether or not subject to popular election, for a period of two years, except for the cases prescribed for in Article 8, whereby the penalties therein shall be applied. The Deputy or Senator who, during his term of office, should lose any general requirement for eligibility or incur any of the causes of ineligibility referred to in Article 54, shall, likewise, cease to hold his office, without prejudice to the exception contemplated in the second paragraph of Article 56 with regard to Ministers of State.
Article 58
  1. Deputies and Senators enjoy inviolability only with regard to the opinions they should express and the votes registered in performance of their duties in Congressional Sessions or in Committees.
  2. No Deputy or Senator as of the date of his election or appointment or from the time of his incorporation into the respective Chamber may be tried or deprived of his freedom, except in the case of a flagrant crime, unless the Court of Appeals of the respective jurisdiction, in full court, has previously authorized the accusation, declaring that the process of law has been accepted. This decision may be appealed before the Supreme Court.
  3. In case a Deputy or a Senator is arrested on charges of a flagrant crime, he shall be brought immediately before the respective Court of Appeals with the corresponding summary proceedings. The Court shall then proceed in accordance with the provisions of the aforementioned paragraph.
  4. Upon declaration, by means of a final decision, that there are grounds for a process of law, the accused Deputy or Senator shall be suspended from his position and submitted to the competent judge.
Article 59

Deputies and Senators shall receive as sole compensation, a fee equal to the remuneration of a Minister of State, all corresponding allowances included.

Matters of Law

Article 60

Matters of law are only the following:
  1. Those which by virtue of the Constitution must be the subject of constitutional organic laws;
  2. Those which the Constitution demands that they be regulated by a law;
  3. Those which are subject to codification, whether civil, commercial, procedural, criminal or other;
  4. Basic matters relative to the juridical labor system, union, and social security systems;
  5. Those that govern public honors to prominent servants of the country;
  6. Those that modify the form or characteristics of the national emblems;
  7. Those that authorize the State, its Bodies and the Municipalities to contract loans designed to finance specific projects. The law must indicate the sources of the funds out of which the debt should be served. However, a law passed by a qualified quorum shall be required to authorize the contracting of loans the maturity date of which exceeds the duration of the term of the respective presidential period.
  8. The provisions of the above paragraph shall not apply to the Central Bank;
  9. Those that authorize any type of operation which may, directly or indirectly, affect the credit or the financial responsibility of the State, its Bodies and the Municipalities.
  10. This provision shall not apply to the Central Bank;
  11. Those that establish the norms by virtue of which State enterprises and those in which the State should have an interest, may contract loans which, in no case, could be arranged with the State, its Bodies or Enterprises;
  12. Those which establish the norms for expropriation of the assets of the State or of the Municipalities and for their leasing or concession;
  13. Those that establish or amend the political and administrative division of the country;
  14. Those that indicate the value, type and denomination of currency and system of weights and measures;
  15. Those that indicate the air, sea and land forces that must be maintained in time of peace or war, and the norms for permitting the entry of foreign troops into the territory of the Republic, as well as the departure of national troops from the territory.
  16. Others which the Constitution should indicate as laws arising from the exclusive proposal of the President of the Republic;
  17. Those that authorize the declaration of war upon proposal of the President of the Republic;
  18. Those granting general pardons and amnesties and those that set forth general norms in accordance with which the President of the Republic must exercise his authority to grant individual pardons and de gratia pensions;
  19. Those that indicate the city where the President of the Republic must reside, where the National Congress should hold its sessions and where the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court should function;
  20. Those that establish the bases for the procedures governing acts of public administration;
  21. Those that regulate the functioning of lotteries, hypodermics and betting in general; and
  22. Every other norm of a general and binding nature, establishing the essential bases of juridical order.
Article 61

  1. The President of the Republic may request authorization from the National Congress in order to issue provisions with force of law for the term not exceeding one year, on matters of law,
  2. This authorization may not be extended to nationality, citizenship, elections or plebiscite, nor to matters covered by the constitutional guarantees or which must be a matter of the constitutional organic laws or of laws passed by a qualified quorum.
  3. The authorization may not include powers that affect the organization, powers and the legal system of the officers of the Judiciary, the National Congress, the Constitutional Court or the Office of the Comptroller General of the Republic.
  4. The law, which should grant the aforementioned authorization, shall indicate the specific matters covered by the delegation of power and may establish or determine the limitations, restrictions and formalities deemed appropriate.
  5. The Office of the Comptroller General of the Republic shall register these decrees having force of law and must reject them when they should exceed or contravene the aforesaid authorization.
  6. With regard to their effect, publications and effectiveness, the decrees having force of law shall be submitted to the same norms as the Law.
Generation of Laws
Article 62
  1. Laws may originate in the Chamber of Deputies or in the Senate through a document from the President of the Republic, or through a motion of any of their members. The motions may not be signed by more than ten Deputies or by more than five Senators.
  2. Laws on taxes, whatever their nature, on budgets of public administration and recruiting laws may only originate in the Chamber of Deputies. Laws of amnesty and general pardons may only originate in the Senate.
  3. The President of the Republic holds the exclusive initiative for proposals of law related to changes of the political or administrative division of the country, or to the financial or budgetary administration of the State, amendments to the Budgetary Law included, and matters specified in numbers 10 and 13 of Article 60.
  4. The President of the Republic shall also hold the exclusive initiative for:
    1. Imposing, suppressing, reducing or condoning taxes of any type or nature, establishing exemptions or amending those in effect and determining their form, proportionality or progression;
    2. Creating new public services or remunerated employment, whether public, semipublic, autonomous, in State or Municipal Enterprises; eliminating them and determining functions or powers thereof;
    3. Contracting loans or carrying out any other undertakings which might affect the financial credit or the financial responsibility of the public, semipublic, autonomous agencies or municipalities, and condoning, reducing or amending obligations, interest rates or other financial burdens of any nature, established on behalf of the National Treasury or of the aforementioned Bodies or Agencies;
    4. Establishing, amending, granting or increasing remunerations, retirement payments, pensions, widows' and orphans' allowances, any other type of income or emoluments, loans or benefits to active or retired personnel and beneficiaries of widows' and orphans' allowances, of the Civil Service and of the other aforementioned Agencies and Entities, as well as fixing minimum wages for workers of the private sector; mandatorily increasing their salaries and other economic benefits or modifying the grounds for determination thereof; the foregoing is stipulated without prejudice to provisions of the following numbers;
    5. Establishing the norms and procedures applicable to collective bargaining and determining the cases where bargaining is not permitted; and
    6. Establishing or amending the norms on or regarding social security of both the public and the private sector.
  5. The National Congress may only accept, reduce or reject the services, employment, salaries, loans, benefits, expenditures and other related proposals made by the President of the Republic.
Article 63
  1. Laws having a constitutional organic nature granted by the Constitution and those interpreting the constitutional precepts, shall require for approval, amendment or abrogation thereof, the vote of three-fifths of the Deputies and Senators in office.
  2. The laws passed by a qualified quorum shall require for approval, amendment or abrogation thereof, an absolute majority of the Deputies and Senators in office.
Article 64
  1. The Budgetary Law Bill must be submitted to the National Congress by the President of the Republic at least three months prior to the date on which it should become effective; should it not be passed by Congress within sixty days from the date of its submittal, the project submitted by the President of the Republic shall enter into force.
  2. The National Congress may not increase or diminish the estimate of revenues; it may only reduce the expenditures contained in the Budgetary Law Bill, except for those established by permanent Law.
  3. Estimation of the returns of resources stated in the Budgetary Law and of the other resources established by any other proposed law shall be the exclusive right of the President, following a report to be submitted by the respective technical agencies.
  4. Congress may not approve additional expenditures by charging them to the funds of the Nation without indicating, at the same time, the sources of the funds needed to meet such expenditures. In case the source of funds granted by Congress were insufficient for financing any additional expenditures approved, the President of the Republic upon promulgating the law, subject to favorable report from the service or institution through which new returns are collected, countersigned by the Comptroller General of the Republic, must proportionately reduce all expenditures, regardless of their nature.
Article 65

A bill which has been dismissed in general in the Chamber of origin, may not be reintroduced until one year has elapsed. However, the President of the Republic, in the case of a bill of his proposal, may request that the document be sent to the other Chamber, if the latter gives general approval, it shall be returned to the Chamber of origin, and it may only be considered as rejected if this Chamber does so with the vote of three-fourths of its members present.

Article 66
  1. Every bill may be subject to additions or amendments in the course of its consideration, both in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate; but in no case shall those be admitted, if they do not have a direct connection with the central or fundamental ideas of the proposed law. The President of the respective Chamber or Committee and the author or authors of the amendment or modification submitted in contravention of this norm, shall suffer the penalty established in Article 57, paragraph 6, of this Constitution.
  2. Once a bill is approved in the Chamber of origin, it shall immediately pass to the other Chamber for discussion thereof.
Article 67
  1. A bill, which has been totally dismissed by the Reviewing Chamber shall be considered by a Mixed Commission, composed of an equal number of Deputies and Senators, which shall suggest the manner and form of solving the difficulties. The bill drafted by the Mixed Commission shall be returned to the Chamber of origin and in order that it be approved, both by it and by the Reviewing Chamber, the majority of the members present in each of them shall be required. Should the Mixed Commission not reach an agreement or should the Chamber of origin reject the proposal of said Commission, the President of the Republic may request the Chamber of origin to decide as to whether or not it will insist, by two-thirds of its members present, in the bill approved by it in the first stage of the process. Once insistence has been agreed upon, the bill goes, for the second time, to the Chamber, which had dismissed it, and it shall be understood that this Chamber rejects it only if two-thirds of its members present agree thereto.
Article 68
  1. A bill which has been subject to additions or amendments by the Reviewing Chamber shall be returned to the Chamber of origin and such additions or amendments shall be understood to have been approved by the latter with the vote of the majority of the members present.
  2. If the additions or amendments were rejected, a Mixed Commission shall be established and the same procedures set forth in the preceding Article shall be followed. In case agreement is not reached in the Mixed Commission to resolve the differences between these two Chambers, or should one of the Chambers reject the proposal of the Mixed Commission, the President of the Republic may ask the Chamber of origin to reconsider the bill approved in a second stage by the Reviewing Chamber. It is understood that the Chamber of origin approves the additions or amendments of the Reviewing Chamber if two-thirds of its members present do not agree to reject them.
Article 69

A bill which shall have been approved by both Chambers shall be sent to the President of the Republic and should it meet with his approval, he shall order that it be promulgated as a law.

Article 70
  1. Should the President of the Republic disapprove the bill, he shall return it to the Chamber of origin, with the convenient comments on it, within thirty days.
  2. In no case shall comments not directly related to the central or fundamental ideas of the bill, be accepted, unless such comments had been considered in the respective document.
  3. If both Chambers should approve the comments, the bill shall have force of law and it shall be returned to the President of the Republic for promulgation thereof.
  4. If both Chambers should reject all or some of the comments and should they insist, by two-thirds of the members present, on the entire bill, or a part thereof, approved by them, it shall be returned to the President of the Republic for promulgation thereof.
Article 71
  1. The President of the Republic may, in one or in all of the stages of consideration of the bill, point out the urgency for passing a bill, and in such case, the respective Chamber shall have to make a pronouncement thereupon within a period not exceeding thirty days.
  2. The urgency shall be qualified by the President of the Republic in accordance with the constitutional organic law relative to the Congress, which shall also provide for all procedures for the internal processing of the law.
Article 72
  1. Should the President of the Republic not return the bill within thirty days from the date of its transmittal, it will be understood that he approves it and that it shall be promulgated as a law. In the event the Congress should close its period of sessions prior to the completion of thirty days in which return is to be effected, the President shall return the bill within the first ten days of the following ordinary or extraordinary session.
  2. Promulgation must always be made within a period of ten days, from the date on which such promulgation should be in order.
  3. Publication shall occur within the five working days following the date on which the decree of promulgation is totally processed.