CHAPTER X Armed Forces, Forces of Order and Public Security Article 90
The Forces dependent on the Ministry in charge of National Defense are constituted only and exclusively by the Armed Forces and the Forces of Order and Public Security.
The Armed Forces are composed of the Army, Navy and Air Force only. They exist for the defense of the fatherland, are essential for national security and guarantee the institutional order of the Republic.
The Forces of Order and Public Security are composed of the Armed Police and Bureau of Investigations only; they constitute the public force and their function is to ensure the effectiveness of law and guarantee public order and public internal security, in the manner determined by their respective organic laws. The Armed Police shall, in addition, incorporate into the Armed Forces in order to guarantee the institutional order of the Republic.
The Armed Forces and the Armed Police, as armed corps, are essentially obedient and not deliberating bodies. In addition, the forces attached to the Ministry in charge of National Defense are professional, hierarchic and disciplined.Article 91
- Incorporation into the personnel and establishments of the Armed Forces and Armed Police may only be obtained through their own schools, with the exception of the professional ranks and civil servants as determined by law.
- No person, group or organization may possess or own arms or other similar implements indicated by a law passed by a qualified quorum, without due authorization granted in conformity with the latter.
- The Ministry in charge of National Defense or a Body depending thereon shall be entrusted with the supervision and control of arms in the manner determined by law.
- The Commanders-in-Chief of the Army, Navy and Air Force, and the General, Director of the Armed Police shall be appointed by the President of the Republic from among the five senior generals who have the qualifications required by the respective institutional statutes for such posts. They shall serve their posts for four years, may not be reappointed for a new term of office and shall not be subject to removal from their posts.
- In qualified cases, the President of the Republic, with the agreement of the National Security Council, may call the Commanders-in-Chief of the Army, Navy and Air Force or the General, Director of the Armed Police to retirement, as the case may be.
- The appointments, promotions and retirements of officers of the Armed Forces and Armed Police shall be made by supreme decree, in accordance with the law and the regulations of each institution.
- Entry, assignments, promotions and retirements in the Bureau of Investigations shall be made in conformity with its organic law.