Education and Culture

CHAPTER V EDUCATION AND CULTURE

ARTICLE 39

The state orients, foments and promotes education, culture and science in all their manifestations.
Its educational and cultural policy is based on the following principles:
  1. the state bases its educational and cultural policy on the progress made in science and technology, the ideology of Marx and Mart and universal and Cuban progressive pedagogical tradition;
  2. education is a function of the state and is free of charge. It is based on the conclusions and contributions made by science and on the close relationship between study and life, work and production.
  3. The state maintains a broad scholarship system for students and provides the workers with multiple opportunities to study to be able to attain the highest possible of knowledge and skills.
  4. The law established the integration and structure of the national system of education and the extent of compulsory education and defines the minimum level of general education that every citizen should acquire;
  5. the state promotes the patriotic and communist education of the new generations and the training of children, young people and adults for social life.
  6. In order to make this principle a reality, general education and specialized scientific, technical or artistic education are combined with work, development research, physical education, sports, participation in political and social activities and military training;
  7. there is freedom of artistic creation as long as its content is not contrary to the Revolution. There is freedom of artistic expression;
  8. in order to raise the level of culture of the people, the state foments and develops artistic education, the vocation for creation and the cultivation and appreciation of art;
  9. there is freedom of creation and research in science. The state encourages and facilitates research and gives priority to that which is aimed at solving the problems related to the interests of society and the well-being of the people;
  10. the state makes it possible for the workers to engage in scientific work and to contribute to the development of science;
  11. the state promotes, foments and develops all forms of physical education and sports as a means of education and of contribution to the integral development of citizens;
  12. the state defends Cuban cultures identity and sees to the conservation of the nations cultural heritage and artistic and historic wealth. The state protects national monuments and places known for their natural beauty or their artistic or historic values;
  13. the state promotes the participation of the citizens, through the country's social and mass organizations, in the development of its educational and cultural policy.

ARTICLE 40

The state and society give special protection to children and young people.

It is the duty of the family, the schools, the state agencies and the social and mass organizations to pay special attention to the integral development of children and young people.