Territorial Self-Administration

Chapter Seven Territorial Self-Administration

Article 99: Lands, Regions, Municipalities

The Czech Republic is divided into municipalities which are the basic units of territorial self-administration. Higher units of territorial self-administration are lands and regions.

Article 100: Right to Self-Administration

1. The units of territorial self-administration are territorial communities of citizens, which have the right to self-administration. The law determines when they are administrative districts.

2. A municipality is always part of a higher unit of territorial self-administration.

3. A higher unit of territorial self-administration may be established or dissolved solely by a constitutional law.

Article 101: Board of Representatives

1. A municipality is independently administrated by a board of representatives.

2. A higher unit of territorial self-administration is independently administrated by a board of representatives.

3. Units of territorial self-administration are public law corporations which may have their own property and may engage in management according to their own budgets.

4. The state may interfere in the activities of units of territorial self-administration only if it is necessary for the protection of law and solely by means specified by law.

Article 102: Elections

1. Members of the board of representatives are elected by secret ballot on the basis of universal, equal, and direct suffrage.

2. The term of office of the board of representatives is four years. The law stipulates under what conditions new elections to the board of representatives shall be called before the expiration of its term of office.

Article 103: Names

The name of a higher unit of territorial self-administration shall be decided by its board.

Article 104: Jurisdiction, Decrees

1. The powers of the board of representatives may be set down solely by law.

2. The board of representatives resolves matters of self-administration, unless these are entrusted by law to the board of representatives of a higher unit of territorial self-administration.

3. Boards of Representatives may issue generally binding decrees within the limits of their jurisdiction.

Article 105: Bound by Law

The exercise of state administration may be entrusted to bodies of self-administration only when determined so by law.