National Objectives and Directive Principles

Chapter II National Objectives and Directive Principles

Article 6: National Unity and Stability

  1. As the people and government struggle to establish a united and developed Eritrea, within the context of the diversity of Eritrea, they shall be guided by the basic principle of Unity in diversity.
  2. The State shall strengthen the stability and development of the country by encouraging democratic dialogue and national consensus through participation of all citizens; by building strong political, cultural and moral foundation; and by promoting national unity and social harmony.
  3. The State shall ensure peace and stability by establishing appropriate institutions that encourage people's participation and by creating the necessary conditions capable of guaranteeing, hastening and engendering equitable economic and social progress.
Article 7: Democratic Principles

  1. It is a fundamental principle of the State to guarantee its citizens broad and active participation in all political, economic, social and cultural life of the country.
  2. Any act that violates the human rights of women or limits or otherwise thwarts their role and participation is prohibited.
  3. There shall be established necessary institutions to encourage and develop people's participation and initiative in the areas where they reside.
  4. Pursuant to the provisions of this Constitution and laws enacted pursuant thereto, all Eritreans, without distinction, are guaranteed equal opportunity to participate in any positions of leadership in the country.
  5. The organization and operation of all political and public associations and movements shall be guided by the principle of national unity and democracy.
  6. The State shall create the necessary conditions for establishing a democratic, political culture defined by the development of free and critical thinking, tolerance and national consensus.
Article 8: Competent Justice System

  1. The justice system of Eritrea shall be independent, competent and accountable pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution and laws.
  2. Courts shall work under a judicial system that is capable of producing fast and equitable judgments and that can easily be understood by and is accessible to all the people.
  3. Judges shall be free from corruption or discrimination and, in
  4. rendering their judgment, they shall make no distinctions among persons.
  5. The State shall encourage out-of-court settlement of disputes through conciliation, mediation or arbitration.
Article 9: Competent Public Administration
  1. Eritrea shall have an efficient, effective and accountable public service.
  2. All administrative institutions shall be free from corruption, discrimination and delay in the delivery of services.
Article 10: Economic and Social Development
  1. The State shall endeavor to create opportunities to ensure the fulfillment of citizens' rights to social justice and the economic development and to fulfill their material and spiritual needs.
  2.  The State shall work to bring about a balanced and sustainable development throughout the country, and shall use all available means to ensure all citizens to improve their livelihood in a sustainable manner, through their development.
  3. The State shall have the responsibility to regulate all land, water and natural resources and to ensure their management in a balanced and sustainable manner and in the interest of the present and future generations; and to create the right conditions for securing the participation of the people to safeguard the environment.
Article 11: National Culture
  1. The State shall have the responsibility of creating and maintaining the necessary conditions for enriching national culture, which is the expression of national identity and unity and progress of the Eritrean people.
  2. The State shall encourage the values of community solidarity and the love and respect of family.
  3. The State shall promote the development of arts, sport and science and technology and shall create an enabling environment for individuals to work in an atmosphere of freedom and manifest their creativity and innovation.
Article 12: National Defence and Security
  1. Defence and security forces of Eritrea shall owe allegiance to and defend the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the country, the Constitution and the government established pursuant thereto.
  2. Defence and security forces are an integral part of society, and shall be productive and respectful of the people.
  3. The defence and security of Eritrea are rooted on the people and on their active participation.
  4. The defence and security forces shall be subject and accountable to the law, shall be competent and pass these requirements for posterity.
Article 13: Foreign Policy

The foreign policy of Eritrea is based on respect for the independence and sovereignty of countries and on promoting the interest of regional and international peace, cooperation, harmony and development.