Public Rights and Duties

Article 27  Nationality
Kuwaiti nationality is defined by law.  No deprivation or withdrawal of nationality may be effected except within the limits prescribed by law.
 
Article 28  Deportation, Return
No Kuwaiti may be deported from Kuwait or prevented from returning thereto.
 
Article 29  Equality, Human Dignity, Personal Liberty
(1) All people are equal63 in human dignity and in public rights and duties before the law, without distinction to race, origin, language, or religion.
(2) Personal liberty is guaranteed.
 
Article 30  {...}
 
Article 31  Arrest, Move, No Torture
(1) No person shall be arrested, detained, searched, or compelled to reside in a specified place, nor shall the residence of any person or his liberty to choose his place of residence or his liberty of movement be restricted, except in accordance with the provisions of the law.

(2) No person shall be subjected to torture or to degrading treatment.
 
Article 32  Nulla Poena Sine Lege, Personal Penalty
(1) No crime and no penalty may be established except by virtue of law, and no penalty may be imposed except for offences committed after the relevant law has come into force.

(2) Penalty is personal.
 
Article 33  {...}
 
Article 34  Presumption of Innocence, Right to Trial
(1) An accused person is presumed innocent until proved guilty in a legal trial at which the necessary guarantees for the exercise of the right of defence are secured.

(2) The infliction of physical or moral injury on an accused person is prohibited.
 
Article 35  Freedom of Religion and Belief
Freedom of belief623 is absolute.  The State protects the freedom of practicing religion in accordance with established customs, provided that it does not conflict with public policy or morals.
 
Article 36  Freedom of Opinion and Expression
Freedom of opinion and of scientific research is guaranteed.  Every person has the right to express6242 and propagate his opinion verbally, in writing, or otherwise, in accordance with the conditions and procedures specified by law.
 
Article 37  Freedom of the Press
Freedom of the press, printing, and publishing is guaranteed in accordance with the conditions and manner specified by law.
 
Article 38  Home
Places of residence shall be inviolable.  They may not be entered without the permission of their occupants except in the circumstances and manner specified by law.
 
Article 39  Freedom and Secrecy of Communication
Freedom of communication by post, telegraph, and telephone and the secrecy thereof is guaranteed; accordingly, censorship of communications and disclosure of their contents are not permitted except in the circumstances and manner specified by law.
 
Article 40  Compulsory and Free Education
(1) Education is a right for Kuwaitis, guaranteed by the State in accordance with law and within the limits of public policy and morals.  Edueation in its preliminary stages is compulsory and free in accordance with the law.

(2) The law lays down the necessary plan to eliminate illiteracy.

(3) The State devotes particular care to the physical, moral, and mental development of the youth.
 
Article 41  Right and Duty to Work
(1) Every Kuwaiti has the right to work6261 and to choose the type of his work.

(2) Work is a duty684 of every citizen necessitated by personal dignity and public good.  The State shall endeavour to make it available to citizens and to make its terms equitable.
 
Article 42  No Forced Labor
There is no forced labor62612 except in the cases specified by law for national emergency and with just remuneration.
 
Article 43  Association
Freedom to form associations6244 and unions on a national basis and by peaceful means is guaranteed in accordance with the conditions and manner specified by law.  No one may be compelled to join any association or union.
 
Article 44  Assembly
(1) Individuals have the right of private assembly6243 without permission or prior notification, and the police may not attend such private meetings.

(2) Public meetings, demonstrations62432, and gatherings are permitted in accordance with the conditions and manner specified by law, provided that their purpose and means are peaceful and not contrary to morals.
 
Article 45  [Petition]
Every individual has the right to address the public authorities in writing over his siguature.  Only duly constituted organizations and bodies corporate have the right to address the authorities collectively.
 
Article 46  [Asylum]
Extradition of political refugees is prohibited.
 
Article 47  [National Defence, Military Service]
National defence is a sacred daty, and military service is an honor for citizens which shall be regulated by law.
 
Article 48  [Taxation, Minimum Standard of Living]
Payment of taxes and public imposts is a duty in accordance with the law which regulates exemption of small incomes from taxes in such a way as to maintain the minimum standard of living.
 
Article 49  [Public Order, Public Morals]
Observance of public order and respect for public morals are a duty incumbent upon all inhabitants of Kuwait.