The Jogorku Kenesh

Article 54
1. The Jogorku Kenesh, the Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic, is the representative body which has legislative power.

2. The Jogorku Kenesh consists of two chambers: The Legislative Assembly, with 60 deputies, which acts continuously and is elected on the basis of representation of the interests of the total population of the republic; The Assembly of People's Representatives, with 45 deputies, which shall work in sessions and shall be elected on the basis of representing territorial interests.

3. Deputies of the Legislative Assembly and the Assembly of People's Representatives are elected for five years. Procedure for election of deputies of the Legislative Assembly and Assembly of People's Representatives shall be stipulated by law.

Article 55
1. Each chamber of the Jogorku Kenesh shall assemble for its first sitting after election with no fewer than two-thirds of the members of the given chamber and no later than 30 days after the publication of the results of the election.

2. The eldest deputy of each chamber of the Jogorku Kenesh shall open the first session of that chamber.

3. The Legislative Assembly and the Assembly of People's Representatives shall meet separately. The Chambers shall meet jointly for taking oaths of judges of the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic, for hearing addresses and declarations of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, and addresses of leaders of foreign states, and also in other cases envisaged by regulations of the chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh.

4. From the day work of the newly convened Legislative Assembly and the Assembly of People's Representatives begins, the powers of the prior sessions of the Legislative Assembly and the Assembly of People=s Representatives end.

Article 56
1. A citizen of the Kyrgyz Republic who has reached 25 years of age by the day of the elections, has the right to participate in the elections, and has permanently resided in the Republic for not less than 5 years prior to nomination as a Deputy, may be elected a Deputy of the Legislative Assembly of the Jogorku Kenesh. A citizen of the Kyrgyz Republic who has reached 25 years of age by the day of the elections, has the right to participate in the elections, and has permanently resided in the Republic for not less than 5 years prior to nomination as a Deputy, of which not than 3 years have been within the territory of the respective region or city of Bishkek, may be elected a Deputy of the Assembly of People's Representatives of the Jogorku Kenesh.

2. Deputies of the Legislative Assembly of the Jogorku Kenesh and  deputies of the Assembly of People's Representatives of the Jogorku Kenesh are representatives of the people of Kyrgyzstan, and are subordinate to the Constitution and to their conscience.

3. A Deputy of the Legislative Assembly and a Deputy of the Assembly of People's Representatives within the entire term of powers may not be prosecuted or held liable for opinion expressed or for voting in the course of execution of their powers as a Deputy.

4. One and the same person may not simultaneously be a deputy of the Legislative Assembly and of the Assembly of People Representatives. A deputy of the Legislative Assembly or Assembly of People's Representatives can not simultaneously be a deputy of a local Kenesh. A deputy of the Legislative Assembly can not work in other state service and can not engage in entrepreneurial activity. A deputy of the Legislative Assembly has the right to engage in teaching, scientific, or other creative activity, if such activity does not interfere with the performance of his duties as deputy.  deputy of the Assembly of People's Representatives can not simultaneously be employed as a member of the Pravitel'stvo, a procurator, a judge, or another office of state service specified by law. A deputy of the Assembly of People's Representatives working in state service may be relieved from an occupied position without the  consent of the chamber.

5. A deputy of the Legislative Assembly or Assembly of People's Representatives who has not warranted the trust of the voters may be dismissed by decision of a majority of voters in the procedure established by law.

6. Powers of a Deputy of the Legislative Assembly or a Deputy of the Assembly of People's Representatives may be terminated early in the event of submission of resignation in writing, a court decision that the Deputy is not legally capable, dissolution of their chamber, entry into force of a court decision on announcing the Deputy deceased, and death of a Deputy. A Deputy of the Legislative Assembly or a Deputy of the Assembly of People's Representatives shall be deprived of his powers in the event of his recall by voters, entry into force of a guilty verdict against him by court, acceptance of a job or failure to quit a job not compatible with fulfilment of his duties as a Deputy, annulment of the election, change of permanent residents beyond the borders of the Kyrgyz Republic, renunciation of citizenship of the Kyrgyz Republic, or loss of Kyrgyz citizenship. Early termination of powers of a Deputy of the Legislative Assembly and a Deputy of the Assembly of People's Representatives, and their deprivation of  powers, shall be executed based on a Resolution of the Central Committee on Elections and Referenda.

Article 57
A deputy of the Legislative Assembly and the Assembly of People's Representatives has the right of inquiry to bodies of executive power and their officials, who are obliged to answer the inquiry within 10 days.

                                                   Section One.
                           POWERS OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY
                      AND ASSEMBLY OF PEOPLE REPRESENTATIVES

Article 58
1. The work of the Legislative Assembly of the Jogorku Kenesh includes:
  1. introduction of amendments and supplements to the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic in the procedure established by the Constitution;
  2. adoption of laws of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  3. official interpretation of the Constitution and of laws adopted by it;
  4. alteration of the borders of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  5. approval of laws adopted by the Assembly of the People's Representatives;
  6. election, upon nomination by the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, of the Chairman of the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic, his deputy, and judges of the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic; determining issues of dismissing them from their positions under the circumstances and according to the procedures set forth in this Constitution;
  7. election of one-third of the members of the Central Commission on Elections and Conduct of Referenda;
  8. appointment of one-third of the auditors of the Accounting Chamber;
  9. ratification and denunciation of international treaties, except cases envisaged in Article 48 of this Constitution;
  10. introduction of states of emergency, authorization of annulment of decrees of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic concerning this issue;
  11. deciding matters of war and peace; introducing the state of war; and authorization or annulment of decrees of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic about these issues;
  12. deciding matters about the possibility of using the Armed Forces of the Kyrgyz Republic beyond its borders when necessary to fulfill International treaty obligations in support of peace and security;
  13. establishing of military ranks, diplomatic ranks, class categories and other special titles of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  14. establishment of state awards and honorary titles of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  15. issuing acts of amnesty;
  16. hearing annual reports of the Prime Minister as well as of bodies and officials appointed and elected by it, with account taken of the rules of autonomy and independence of such bodies and officials established in this Constitution;
  17. bringing charges against the President of the Republic for dismissal from office.
2. The Legislative Assembly adopts resolutions on issues envisaged in sub-points 5-8, 16, and 17 of point 1 of this Article.

3. The work of the Assembly of People's Representatives of the Jogorku Kenesh includes:
  1. introduction of amendments and supplements to the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic; adoption of laws in cases envisaged by the Constitution;
  2. approval of the laws adopted by the Legislative Assembly in cases set forth by the Constitution;
  3. official interpretation of the Constitution and of laws adopted by it;
  4. authorization of the republican budget and of reports on its implementation;
  5. alteration of the borders of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  6. deciding matters of the administrative and territorial structure of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  7. calling elections for President of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  8. approval of appointments of the Prime Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  9. approval of appointments of the Procurator General of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  10. approval of appointments of the Chairman of the Board of the National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  11. election, upon nomination by the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, of the Chairman of the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic, his deputy, and the judges of the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  12. election, upon nomination by the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, of the Chairmen of the Supreme Court and Supreme Arbitration Court of the Kyrgyz Republic, their deputies, and the judges of the Supreme Court and Supreme Arbitration Court of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  13. election of one-third of the members of the Central Commission on Elections and Conduct of Referenda;
  14. deciding issue about dismissing judges in cases according to the procedure set forth in this Constitution;
  15. appointing one-third of the auditors of the Chamber of Auditors;
  16. dismissal of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic from office;
  17. hearing reports of the Prime Minister as well as of bodies and officials appointed or elected by the Assembly of People's Deputies, with consideration taken of the rules of autonomy and independence of such bodies and officials established in this Constitution;
  18. expression of a no confidence vote to the Prime Minister;
  19. hearing of the reports of the Procurator General and the Chairman of the Board of the National Bank.
4. The Assembly of People's Representatives adopts resolutions on issues described in subpoints 2 and 7-19 of point 3 of this Article.

Article 59
1. Laws on the introduction of amendments and supplements to the Constitution, constitutional laws, laws on the alteration of the borders of the Kyrgyz Republic, and on interpretation of the Constitution and constitutional laws, are adopted by both Chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh by majority vote of no less than two-thirds of the total number of deputies of each Chamber.

2. Laws adopted by the Legislative Assembly on matters of taxes and fees, financial and customs regulations, banking activities, the ratification or denunciation of international treaties of the Kyrgyz Republic, and amnesty, are subject to consideration by the Assembly of People's Representatives and are considered approved if they receive yes votes from no fewer than half the total number of deputies of the Assembly of People's Representatives. In the event the Assembly of People's Representatives disapproves a decision taken by the Legislative Assembly, the decision on the matter under consideration may be approved by majority vote of no fewer than two-thirds of the total number of deputies of the Legislative Assembly.

3. Laws adopted by the Assembly of People's Representatives on matters stated in subpoints 4 and 6 of point 3 of Article 58 of this Constitution, are subject to consideration by the Legislative Assembly and shall be considered approved if they receive yes votes from no fewer than half of the total number of deputies of the Legislative Assembly. In the event the Legislative Assembly disapproves a law, the decision on the matter under consideration may be approved by a majority vote of no fewer than two-thirds of the total number of deputies of the Assembly of People's Representatives.

4. Laws described in the first paragraph of point 2 and the first paragraph of point 3 of this Article are deemed approved if not  reviewed by the respective chamber of the Jogorku Kenesh within 60 days of adoption.

Article 60
1. Each chamber of the Jogorku Kenesh shall elect from among its members a Toraga of the Chamber and his deputy, and shall form committees and commissions.

2. The Toraga of each Chamber shall be elected by secret vote. He shall be accountable to the appropriate chamber and may be removed from his office by a decision of such chamber adopted by a vote of no fewer than two-thirds of the total number of deputies.

3. The Toraga of the Legislative Assembly and the Assembly of People's Representatives conduct the sessions of their respective chambers, generally carry out the preparation of issues for consideration during sessions of the chambers, manage internal routine, and sign resolutions adopted by their respective Chambers.

4. The Deputy Toraga of the respective Chamber of the Jogorku Kenesh is elected by secret vote, fulfills specific functions of the Toraga as authorized by him, and substitutes for the Toraga in his absence.

Article 61
Committees and temporary commissions of the chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh perform law drafting work, preliminarily review issues referred to their competency, and control implementation of the adopted laws and resolutions.

Article 62
1. The Legislative Assembly conducts its business during conventions. The Legislative Assembly convenes once per year; the convention begins the first work day of September and ends the last work day of June.

2. The Assembly of People's Representatives conducts its business during sessions. Sessions of the Assembly of People's Representatives are called no fewer than two times a year.

3. A convention of the Legislative Assembly or session of the Assembly of People's Representatives is legally valid upon the attendance of no fewer than two-thirds of the total number of deputies of the given Chamber. The procedure for conducting business of the Chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh shall be defined by their Regulations.

Article 63
1. The Legislative Assembly and the Assembly of People's Representatives may be dissolved early by a decision adopted by a majority vote of no fewer than two-thirds of the total number of deputies of the respective Chamber.

2. The Legislative Assembly or the Assembly of People's Representatives, or both chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh simultaneously, may be dissolved early by the President of the Kyrgyz Republic as the result of a referendum in the event of three refusals to approve the appointment of a Prime Minister or in the event of another crisis caused by insurmountable differences between the chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh or between one or both chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh and other branches of state power.

3. In the case foreseen under point 3 of Article 51 of this Constitution, the Legislative Assembly is considered dissolved from the moment of issuance of a resolution by the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic.

4. The chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh may not be dissolved in time of a state emergency or war, during consideration by the chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh of the issue of dismissing the President of the Kyrgyz Republic from office or when there shall be fewer than six months remaining until the end of the term of office of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic.

5. In the event of dissolution of the Legislative Assembly, the Assembly of People's Representatives, or both chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh, the President of the Kyrgyz Republic designates the date for elections of deputies of the given chamber or chambers, so that the newly elected chamber or chambers convene their first session no later than six months after the moment of dissolution.

                                                   Section Two.
                                        LEGISLATIVE ACTIVITIES

Article 64
The right to initiate legislative belongs to:
  1. 30.000 voters (a popular initiative);
  2. the President of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  3. deputies of the Legislative Assembly;
  4. deputies of the Assembly of the People's Representatives;
  5. the Pravitel'stvo of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  6. the Supreme Court of the Kyrgyz Republic, and the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Kyrgyz Republic, on matters within their jurisdiction.
Article 65
1. Draft laws are introduced in both chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh. Upon introduction the respective chamber of the Jogorku Kenesh is obligated to decide within one month the issue of introducing the draft law for review by that chamber, and either to determine the order of priority of review or to state a reason for rejection.

2. Amendments to a draft law on the republican budget may be introduced with the consent of the Pravitel'stvo.

3. Amendments to the Law on national budget, draft laws on introducing or lifting taxes, providing tax exemptions, on changes in financial obligations of the state, and other draft law providing for increased costs to be covered from the national budget or for decreases in revenues of the budget, may only be adopted with consent of the Government.

4. A draft law shall be considered adopted if a majority of the total number of deputies of a chamber vote for it.

5. A draft law which has been adopted by one chamber, on a matter which in accordance with the Constitution, requires approval from the other chamber, shall be presented to that chamber no later than five working days after its adoption by the first chamber. Such draft laws are considered adopted from the moment of approval by the other chamber, or in cases when such approval is not obtained, from the moment of confirmation in accordance with points 2 and 3 of Article 59 of this Constitution.

6. Drafts of laws introducing amendments and supplements to the Constitution, of Constitutional laws, of laws altering the borders of the Kyrgyz Republic, and of laws interpreting of the Constitution and constitutional laws, are considered adopted after no fewer than two readings if no fewer than two-thirds of the total number of deputies of each chamber of the Jogorku Kenesh have voted for them. The date of adoption of the draft law is considered to be the day when the vote on adopting the draft was held in both chambers. If the chambers voted on different days then the date of adoption of the law is the day when the second chamber voted for its adoption.

7. Introduction of amendments and supplements to the Constitution and constitutional laws during states of emergency is not allowed.

8. No laws restricting freedom of speech and freedom of the press  may be adopted.

Article 66
1. An adopted law shall be sent within five days to the President of the Kyrgyz Republic for signing.

2. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic, no later than 15 working days after receiving the law, shall sign it or return it with his objections. The given law is subject to reconsideration in the chamber which adopted it. If upon reconsideration the law is approved in the earlier adopted wording by majority vote of no less than two-thirds of the total number of deputies, then the law is to be signed by the President of the Kyrgyz Republic within seven working days.

3. A law rejected by the President which, in accordance with this Constitution, has been adopted by a majority vote of no fewer than two-thirds of the total number of deputies of each chamber of the Jogorku Kenesh, is to be signed by the President within the period established in point 2 of this Article if upon reconsideration it is approved in the earlier adopted wording by a majority vote of no fewer than three-fourths of the total number of deputies of each of the chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh.

Article 67
A law enters into effect ten days from the moment of its publication if no other stipulation is made in the law itself or in a law on the procedure for its entering into force.

Article 68
1. The chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh may delegate their legislative powers to the President of the Kyrgyz Republic for a period of no more than one year.

2. Legislative powers transfer to the President of the Kyrgyz Republic in the event of dissolution of chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh.

3. Legislative powers are carried out by the President of the Kyrgyz Republic by the adoption of decrees, which have the force of law.  

4. In the event of dissolution of one of the chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh, the President of the Kyrgyz Republic carries out the legislative powers of that chamber only.