ASSEMBLY OF THE REPUBLIC

                                 SECTION I. ASSEMBLY OF THE REPUBLIC

Article 133
1. The Assembly of the Republic is the highest legislative body in the Republic of Mozambique.
2. Through the laws and resolutions of a general character, the Assembly of the Republic shall regulate social and economic affairs and the administration of State activity.

Article 134
1. The Assembly of the Republic shall be elected by direct universal suffrage and personal secret ballot.
2. The Assembly of the Republic shall consist of a minimum of 200 and a maximum of 250 deputies.
3. The term of office of deputies elected to the Assembly of the Republic is 5 years.

Article 135
1. The Assembly of the Republic shall have power to legislate on basic questions of the country's domestic and foreign policy.
2. In particular, the Assembly of the Republic shall have power to:
  1. delimit the borders of the Republic of Mozambique;
  2. determine territorial subdivision;
  3. approve the electoral law and procedures for referenda;
  4. propose the holding of referenda on questions of national interest;
  5. ratify the suspension of constitutional guarantees and the declaration of a state of siege or a state of emergency;
  6. ratify the appointment of the President and Deputy President of the Supreme Court, the President of the Constitutional Council and the President of the Administrative Court;
  7. appraise and approve progress reports from the Council of Ministers;
  8. appraise and approve the State plan and budget and the respective reports concerning their implementation;
  9. define defense and security policy after consulting with the National Defense and Security Council;
  10. define the bases for tax policy;
  11. ratify and terminate international treaties;
  12. grant amnesties and pardons;
  13. authorize the President of the Republic to make State visits abroad.
3. The Assembly of the Republic shall also have power to:
  1. elect the President and the members of the Standing Commission of the Assembly of the Republic;
  2. adopt the rules of procedure of the Assembly of the Republic and the rules and regulations for Deputies;
  3. set up commissions of the Assembly of the Republic and regulate their activities.
Article 136
1. At the beginning of each legislative session, the Assembly of the Republic shall evaluate the program of the Government.
2. The Government may present a revised program that takes the conclusions of the debate into account.
3. Should the Assembly of the Republic, after debate, reject the Government's program, the President of the Republic may dissolve the Assembly and call new general elections.

Article 137
Bills may be introduced in the Assembly of the Republic by:
a) the President of the Republic;
b) the commissions of the Assembly of the Republic;
c) the deputies;
d) the Council of Ministers.

Article 138
1. The Assembly of the Republic shall elect from among its members the President of the Assembly of the Republic.
2. The Head of State shall convene and preside at the session during which the President of the Assembly of the Republic is elected.
3. The President of the Assembly of the Republic shall be sworn into office by the President of the Supreme Court.
4. The President of the Assembly of the Republic shall be accountable to the Assembly of the Republic.

Article 139
The Assembly of the Republic shall meet in ordinary session twice a year, and in extraordinary session whenever requested by the President of the Republic, by the Standing Commission of the Assembly of the Republic, or by at least one-third of the deputies of the Assembly of the Republic.

Article 140  
1. The Assembly of the Republic may only enter into debate when more than half its members are present.
2. The decisions of the Assembly of the Republic shall require a majority of votes of the members present.

Article 141
The legislative acts of the Assembly of the Republic shall take the form of laws, and its other deliberations shall take the form of resolutions. Both shall be published in the Boletim da Republica.

Article 142
The President of the Assembly of the Republic shall have power to:
a) convene and chair sessions of the Assembly of the Republic and its Standing Commission;
b) monitor the implementation of the decisions of the Assembly of the Republic;
c) sign laws adopted by the Assembly of the Republic, and submit them to the President of the Republic for promulgation;
d) sign and order the publication of resolutions of the Assembly of the Republic;
e) represent the Assembly of the Republic domestically and internationally.

Article 143
In case of absence or disability, the functions of the President of the Assembly of the Republic shall be exercised by members of the Standing Commission of the Assembly of the Republic, as stipulated by the standing orders of the Assembly.

Article 144
1. No deputy to the People's Assembly may be arrested, unless apprehended in the very act of committing a criminal offense. No deputy may be brought to trial without the consent of the Assembly or its Standing Commission.
2. Deputies to the People's Assembly shall be tried by the Supreme Court.

Article 145
1. Deputies to the People's Assembly may not be sued, detained, or put on trial for opinions voiced or votes cast in exercising their functions as deputies.
2. The above does not apply to civil or criminal responsibility for defamation or slander.

Article 146
1. Any deputy to the Assembly of the Republic may resign.
2. The disqualification and resignation of deputies to the Assembly of the Republic shall be regulated by
law.

       SECTION II. STANDING COMMISSION OF THE ASSEMBLY OF THE REPUBLIC

Article 147
1. The Standing Commission of the Assembly of the Republic shall be the governing board of the Assembly of the Republic.
2. The Standing Commission of the Assembly of the Republic shall be composed of the President of the Assembly and deputies elected by the Assembly of the Republic among its members.
3. The composition of the Standing Commission of the Assembly of the Republic shall be established by law.

Article 148
The Standing Commission of the Assembly of the Republic shall have power to:
a) coordinate the activities of the commissions of the Assembly of the Republic;
b) conduct the relations between the Assembly of the Republic and assemblies and equivalent institutions in other countries;
c) prepare and organize sessions of the Assembly of the Republic.