THE STATE AND SOVEREIGNTY

PREAMBLE

The sovereign people of Senegal,
Deeply attached to their fundamental cultural values which Constitute the cement of national unity;
Convinced of the will of all citizens, both men and women, to embrace a common destiny through solidarity, work and patriotic commitment;
Considering that national construction rests upon individual freedom and respect for the human person, sources of creativity;
Conscious of the need to affirm and to consolidate the foundations of the nation and the state;
Committed to the ideal of African unity;

Affirm:
•Their adherence to the Declaration of Human Rights of 1789 as well as to the international instruments adopted by the United Nations and the Organization of African Unity, in particular the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 10 December 1948, the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women of 18 December 1979, the Convention on the Rights of the Child of 20 November 1989 and the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights of 27 June 1981;
•Their commitment to transparency in the running and management of public affairs as well as to the principles of good governance;
•Their determination to fight for peace and fraternity together with all the peoples of the world;

Proclaim:
•the inviolable principle of national territorial integrity and national unity with due respect for the cultural specificity of all the components of the nation;
•the unassailability of national sovereignty which is expressed through transparent and democratic procedures and consultations;
•the respect for fundamental freedoms and civil rights as the basis of Senegalese society;
•the observance and consolidation of the rule of law in which the state and the citizens are subjected to the same legal norms under the control of an independent and impartial judiciary;
•access to the exercise of power at all levels, for all citizens, without discrimination;
•equal access to public services for all citizens;
•the rejection and elimination of all forms of injustice, inequality and discrimination;
•the will of Senegal to be a modern state run according to the fair and loyal interaction between a governing majority and a democratic opposition, and a state which recognises such opposition as a fundamental pillar of democracy and an indispensable part of the democratic mechanism;

Article 1
The Republic of Senegal shall be secular, democratic and social. It shall ensure equality before the law for all citizens, without distinction as to origin, race, sex or religion. It shall respect all faiths. The official language of the Republic of Senegal shall be French. The national languages shall be Diolo, Malinke, Poular, Serer, Soninke and Wolof and any other national language which has been codified.

Article 3
National Sovereignty shall belong to the Senegalese people who shall exercise it through their representatives or by way of referendum. Neither section of the people nor any individual may assume the exercise of sovereignty. Suffrage may be direct or indirect. It shall always be universal, equal and secret. All Senegalese nationals of either sex, who have attained the age of 18 years and enjoy civil and political rights, shall be eligible to vote under the conditions determined by law.

Article 4
Political parties and coalitions of political parties shall contribute to the expression of suffrage. They shall be required to respect the Constitution and thus the principles of national sovereignty and democracy. They are prevented from identifying themselves by race, ethnicity, sex, religion, sect, language or region.

Article 5
Any act of racial, ethnic or religious discrimination as well as any regionalist propaganda capable of interfering with the internal security of the state or the territorial integrity of the Republic shall be punished by law.