PUBLIC LIBERTIES AND THE PERSON

Article 7
The human person is sacred. The human person is inviolable. The state shall have the obligation to respect it and to protect it. Every individual has the right to life, to freedom, to security, the free development of his or her personality, to corporal integrity, and especially to protection against physical mutilation. The Senegalese people recognise the existence of sacred and inalienable human rights as the basis of any human community, of peace and of justice in Senegal and the world. All human beings shall be equal before the law. Men and women shall be equal in law. No one in Senegal shall have any liabilities or privileges based upon places of birth, status or family.

Article 8
The Republic of Senegal guarantees to all citizens their individual fundamental freedoms, economic and social rights as well as group rights. These freedoms and rights are: Civil and political liberties, freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, press freedom, freedom of association, freedom to hold meetings, freedom of movement, freedom to protest, cultural freedoms, religious freedoms, philosophical freedoms, union freedoms, freedom of enterprise, the right to education, the right to literacy, the right to property, the right to work, the right to health, the right to a healthy environment, and the right to a variety of information. These freedoms and rights shall be exercised under the conditions provided by law.

Article 9
Any infringement of these freedoms and any international restriction of the exercise of a freedom shall be punishable by law. No-one may be convicted other than by virtue of a law which became effective before the act was committed. Defence is an absolute right at all stages and at all levels of the proceedings.

Article 10
Everyone shall have the right to freely express and disseminate his opinions by word, pen or image or peaceful march, provided that the exercise of these rights shall not undermine the honour of and respect due to other persons, nor threaten public order.

Article 11
The creation of a press body for information on politics, the economy, culture, sports, recreation or science shall be free and shall not be subject to prior authorisation of any kind. Press regulations shall be set by the law.

Article 12
All citizens shall have the right to freely constitute associations and economic, cultural and social groups as well as societies, on condition that they comply with the formalities set down by the laws and regulations. Groups whose aim or activity is contrary to the penal laws or directed against public order shall be prohibited.

Article 13
The secrecy of correspondence and of postal, telegraphic, telephonic or electronic communications shall be inviolable. This inviolability shall be subject only to such restrictions as are made applicable by law.

Article 14
All citizens of the Republic shall have the right to move freely or settle anywhere, within the national territory and abroad. These freedoms shall be exercised under the conditions provided by the law.

Article 15
The right of property is guaranteed by the present Constitution. It may not be impaired except in the case of public necessity, legally established and subject to the prior payment of just compensation. Men and women shall have equal rights to gain possession of and own land subject to conditions determined by the law.

Article 16
The home shall be inviolable. A house search may not be ordered except by a judge or another authority designated by law. Searches may be conducted only in the form prescribed by these authorities. Measures impairing or restricting the inviolability of the home may be taken only in order to provide against a common danger or to protect persons in danger of death. Such measures may also be taken, pursuant to law, in order to protect public order against impending threat and especially to combat the risks of epidemics or to protect youth in danger.

Marriage and the Family

Article 17
Marriage and the family shall constitute the natural and moral basis for the human community. They shall be placed under the protection of the state. The state and the public collectively shall have the social duty to watch over the physical and moral well-being of the family and, in particular, of the handicapped and the aged. The state guarantees families in general and those living in rural areas in particular access to health and welfare services. It also guarantees women in general and those living in rural areas in particular the right to improve their living conditions.

Article 18
Forced marriage is a violation of personal freedom. It shall be forbidden and punished according to conditions laid down by law.

Article 19
Wives shall have the same right to worldly goods and property as their husbands. They shall have the personal right to manage their goods and property.

Article 20
Parents shall have the natural right and the duty to raise their children. They shall be supported in this task by the state and public collectivities. Youth shall be protected by the state and public groups against exploitation, drugs, narcotics, moral neglect and delinquency.

Education

Article 21
The state and the public collectivities shall create the preliminary conditions and the public institutions which shall guarantee the education of children.

Article 22
The state shall have the duty and the task of educating and training the youth through public schools. All children, boys and girls, throughout the national territory, shall have the right to attend school. Religious and non-religious institutions and communities shall also be recognised as educational facilities. All national, public or private institutions shall have the duty to see to it that their members learn to read and write; they shall have the duty to participate in the national literacy effort which aims to ensure that everyone can read and write one of the national languages.

Article 23
Private schools may be opened with the authorisation and under the supervision of the state.

Religions and Religious Communities

Article 24
Freedom of conscience and the free practice and profession of religion and culture, and the profession of religious education shall, subject to the respect for public order, be guaranteed to all. Religious institutions and communities shall have the right to develop without hindrance. They shall not be subject to direct supervision by the state. They shall regulate and administer their affairs autonomously.

Work

Article 25
Everyone has the right to work and to seek employment. No one may be impeded in his work by reason of his or her origins, sex, opinions, political choices, or beliefs. A worker may join a labour union and defend his rights through union activity. Any discrimination between men and women regarding employment, salary and taxation shall be prohibited. The freedom to create unions or professional associations will be a recognised right for all workers. The right to strike shall be recognised. It shall be exercised within the limits of the laws which are applicable thereto. It may on no account affect the freedom to work, nor endanger enterprise. Every worker shall, through his delegates, participate in the determination of the conditions of work. The state shall attend to health and human conditions in the workplace. Specific laws shall determine the conditions of assistance and protection which the state and business shall grant to the workers.