RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF THE PEOPLE

Article 7    
All citizens of the Republic of China, irrespective of sex, religion, race, class, or party affiliation, shall be equal before the law.

Article 8     
Personal freedom shall be guaranteed to the people. Except in case of flagrante delicto as provided by law, no person shall be arrested or detained otherwise than by a judicial or a police organ in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law. No person shall be tried or punished otherwise than by a law court in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law. Any arrest, detention, trial, or punishment which is not in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law may be resisted.

When a person is arrested or detained on suspicion of having committed a crime, the organ making the arrest or detention shall in writing inform the said person, and his designated relative or friend, of the grounds for his arrest or detention, and shall, within 24 hours, turn him over to a competent court for trial. The said person, or any other person, may petition the competent court that a writ be served within 24 hours on the organ making the arrest for the surrender of the said person for trial.

The court shall not reject the petition mentioned in the preceding paragraph, nor shall it order the organ concerned to make an investigation and report first. The organ concerned shall not refuse to execute, or delay in executing, the writ of the court for the surrender of the said person for trial.

When a person is unlawfully arrested or detained by any organ, he or any other person may petition the court for an investigation. The court shall not reject such a petition, and shall, within 24 hours, investigate the action of the organ concerned and deal with the matter in accordance with law.

Article 9    
Except those in active military service, no person shall be subject to trial by a military tribunal.

Article 10    
The people shall have freedom of residence and of change of residence.

Article 11    
The people shall have freedom of speech, teaching, writing and publication.

Article 12    
The people shall have freedom of privacy of correspondence.

Article 13    
The people shall have freedom of religious belief.

Article 14    
The people shall have freedom of assembly and association.

Article 15    
The right of existence, the right to work and the right of property shall be guaranteed to the people.

Article 16    
The people shall have the right of presenting petitions, lodging complaints, or instituting legal proceedings.

Article 17    
The people shall have the right of election, recall, initiative and referendum.

Article 18    
The people shall have the right of taking public examinations and of holding public offices.

Article 19    
The people shall have the duty of paying taxes in accordance with law.

Article 20    
The people shall have the duty of performing military service in accordance with law.

Article 21    
The people shall have the right and the duty of receiving citizens' education.

Article 22    
All other freedoms and rights of the people that are not detrimental to social order or public welfare shall be guaranteed under the Constitution.

Article 23    
All the freedoms and rights enumerated in the preceding Articles shall not be restricted by law except such as may be necessary to prevent infringement upon the freedoms of other persons, to avert an imminent crisis, to maintain social order or to advance public welfare.

Article 24    
Any public functionary who, in violation of law, infringes upon the freedom or right of any person shall, in addition to being subject to disciplinary measures in accordance with law, be held responsible under criminal and civil laws. The injured person may, in accordance with law, claim compensation from the State for damage sustained.