§ 1. Governing power
The Commonwealth or State of Vermont shall be governed by a Governor (or Lieutenant-Governor), a Senate and a House of Representatives, in manner and form following:
§ 2. Supreme legislative power
The Supreme Legislative power shall be exercised by a Senate and a House of Representatives.
§ 3. Supreme executive power
The Supreme Executive power shall be exercised by a Governor, or in the Governor's absence, a Lieutenant-Governor.
§ 4. Judiciary
The judicial power of the State shall be vested in a unified judicial system which shall be composed of a Supreme Court, a Superior Court, and such other subordinate courts as the General Assembly may from time to time ordain and establish.
§ 5. Departments to be distinct
The Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary departments, shall be separate and distinct, so that neither exercise the powers properly belonging to the others.