LABOUR REGULATIONS (HONG KONG)
There is no legal minimum wage in Hong Kong. Wages can be calculated by the hour, day or month, or by piece rate.
The Employment Ordinance (Chapter 57 of the Laws of Hong Kong) sets the minimum entitlements for employees, such as statutory holidays, sick and maternity leave, severance and long-service payments.
It is up to employers whether to provide additional benefits, such as a Lunar New Year bonus (normally equivalent to one month's extra pay), medical allowances, subsidised meals, good-attendance bonus, paid holidays over and above statutory public holidays, subsidised transport to and from work, free or subsidised accommodation.
- The Employment Ordinance requires employers to provide a set of basic entitlements. These include:
- statutory holidays
- sick leave
- maternity leave
- severance payments
Some employers offer additional benefits. The most common are:
- A lunar new year bonus, usually equivalent to one month's extra pay
- medical allowance
- subsidised meals\
- good-attendance bonus
- paid rest-days/annual leave
- subsidised transport to and from work
free or subsidised accommodation
There are two kinds of holidays in Hong Kong, namely, general holidays and statutory holidays. General holidays are for banks, schools, public offices and government departments.
Statutory holidays are employment benefits which must be granted to employees as provided under the Employment Ordinance, including those working in banks and schools.
Hong Kong's General Holidays for 2004
- The first day of January- 1 January
- Lunar New Year's Day -22 January
- The second day of the Lunar New Year- 23 January
The third day of the Lunar New Year - 24 January
+Ching Ming Festival- 5 April
Good Friday- 9 April
The day following Good Friday- 10 April
Easter Monday- 12 April
Labour Day- 1 May
The Buddha's Birthday- 26 May
- Tuen Ng Festival- 22 June
- Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day- 1 July
- The day following Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival- 29 September
- National Day- 1 October
- Chung Yeung Festival 22- October
Christmas Day- 25 December
The first weekday after Christmas Day- 27 December
- Statutory Holiday
+As the Ching Ming Festival in 2004 falls on a Sunday, the following day will be designated as an additional general holiday.
MANDATORY PROVIDENT FUND
In late 2000, Hong Kong introduced its privately managed mandatory provident fund (MPF) system, designed to provide retirement benefits.
- The system covers all members of the workforce between the ages of 18 and 65 with specific exemptions.
- Employers and employees are each required to contribute 5% of the employees' monthly income to a registered MPF scheme.
- If an employee's monthly income is below HK$5,000 (US$641), employees do not have to contribute, but may choose to do so.
The maximum level of monthly income for contribution purposes is HK$20,000 (US$2,565) resulting in an effective cap on monthly contributions of HK$1,000 (US$ 125) (unless the employees chooses to contribute more).
The normal working week in non-office based industries is eight hours a day, six days a week. In offices, a five or a five-and-a half-day week is normal. Some companies compromise by allowing staff to work alternate Saturday mornings.
Labour relations are generally harmonious. The Labour Department offers conciliation service to the parties concerned to facilitate an amicable settlement in case of a strike or other forms of industrial conflict.