FINANCE (No. 2) ACT, 2009

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Year : 2009

[Act No. 33 of 2009]
[19th August, 2009]

PREAMBLE

An Act to give effect to the financial proposals of the Central Government for the financial year 2009-2010.

Be it enacted by Parliament in the Sixtieth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

Section -1 Short title and commencement

(1) This Act may be called the Finance (No. 2) Act, 2009.

(2) Save as otherwise provided in this Act, sections 2 to 84 shall be deemed to have come into force on the 1st day of April, 2009.

Section -2 Income-tax

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (2) and (3), for the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2009, income-tax shall be charged at the rates specified in Part I of the First Schedule and such tax shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, calculated in each case in the manner provided therein.

(2) In the cases to which Paragraph A of Part I of the First Schedule applies, where the assessee has, in the previous year, any net agricultural income exceeding five thousand rupees, in addition to total income, and the total income exceeds one lakh fifty thousand rupees, then,-

(a) The net agricultural income shall be taken into account, in the manner provided in Clause (b) [that is to say, as if the net agricultural income were comprised in the total income after the first one lakh fifty thousand rupees of the total income but without being liable to tax], only for the purpose of charging income-tax in respect of the total income; and

(b) The income-tax chargeable shall be calculated as follows:--

(i) The total income and the net agricultural income shall be aggregated and the amount of income-tax shall be determined in respect of the aggregate income at the rates specified in the said Paragraph A, as if such aggregate income were the total income;

(ii) The net agricultural income shall be increased by a sum of one lakh fifty thousand rupees, and the amount of income-tax shall be determined in respect of the net agricultural income as so increased at the rates specified in the said Paragraph A, as if the net agricultural income as so increased were the total income;

(iii) The amount of income-tax determined in accordance with sub-clause (i) shall be reduced by the amount of income-tax determined in accordance with sub-clause (ii) and the sum so arrived at shall be the income-tax in respect of the total income:

Provided that in the case of every woman, resident in India and below the age of sixty-five years at any time during the previous year, referred to in item (II) of Paragraph A of Part I of the First Schedule, the provisions of this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words "one lakh fifty thousand rupees", the words "one lakh eighty thousand rupees" had been substituted:

Provided further that in the case of every individual, being a resident in India, who is of the age of sixty-five years or more at any time during the previous year, referred to in item (III) of Paragraph A of Part I of the First Schedule, the provisions of this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words "one lakh fifty thousand rupees", the words "two lakh twenty-five thousand rupees" had been substituted:

Provided
also that the amount of income-tax so arrived at, shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, calculated in each case in the manner provided in that Paragraph and the sum so arrived at shall be the income-tax in respect of the total income.

(3) In cases to which the provisions of Chapter XII or Chapter XII-A or Chapter XII-H or section 115JB or sub-section (1A) of section 161 or section 164 or section 164A or section 167B of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961) (hereinafter referred to as the Income-tax Act) apply, the tax chargeable shall be determined as provided in that Chapter or that section, and with reference to the rates imposed by sub-section (1) or the rates as specified in that Chapter or section, as the case may be:

Provided
that the amount of income-tax computed in accordance with the provisions of section 111A or section 112 shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, as provided in Paragraph A, B, C, D or E, as the case may be, of Part I of the First Schedule:

Provided further
that in respect of any income chargeable to tax under sections 115A, 115AB, 115AC, 115ACA, 115AD, 115B, 115BB, 115BBA, 115BBC, 115E and 115JB or fringe benefits chargeable to tax under section 115WA of the Income-tax Act, the amount of income-tax computed under this sub-section shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, calculated,--

(a) In the case of every individual, Hindu undivided family, association of persons and body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, at the rate of ten per cent. of such income-tax where the total income exceeds ten lakh rupees;

(b) In the case of every artificial juridical person referred to in sub-clause (vii) of clause (31) of section 2 of the Income-tax Act, at the rate of ten per cent. of such income-tax;

(c) In the case of every firm and domestic company, at the rate of ten per cent. of such income-tax where the total income exceeds one crore rupees;

(d) In the case of every company, other than a domestic company, at the rate of two and one-half per cent. of such income-tax where the total income exceeds one crore rupees:

Provided
also that in the case of every company having total income chargeable to tax under section 115JB of the Income-tax Act, and such income exceeds one crore rupees, the total amount payable as income-tax and surcharge on such income-tax shall not exceed the total amount payable as income-tax on a total income of one crore rupees by more than the amount of income that exceeds one crore rupees:

Provided
also that in respect of any fringe benefits chargeable to tax under section 115WA of the Income-tax Act, income-tax computed under this sub-section shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, calculated,--

(a) In the case of every association of persons and body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, at the rate of ten per cent. of income-tax where the fringe benefits exceed ten lakh rupees;

(b) In the case of every firm, artificial juridical person referred to in sub-clause (v) of clause (a) of section 115W of the Income-tax Act, and domestic company, at the rate of ten per cent. of such income-tax;

(c) In the case of every company, other than a domestic company, at the rate of two and one-half per cent. of such income-tax.

(4) In cases in which tax has to be charged and paid under section 115-O or sub-section (2) of section 115R of the Income-tax Act, the tax shall be charged and paid at the rates as specified in those sections and shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, calculated at the rate of ten per cent. of such tax.

(5) In cases in which tax has to be deducted under sections 193, 194, 194A, 194B, 194BB, 194D and 195 of the Income-tax Act, at the rates in force, the deductions shall be made at the rates specified in Part II of the First Schedule and shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, calculated in cases wherever prescribed, in the manner provided therein.

(6) In cases in which tax has to be deducted under sections 194C, 194E, 194EE, 194F, 194G, 194H, 194-I, 194J, 194LA, 196B, 196C and 196D of the Income-tax Act, the deductions shall be made at the rates specified in those sections and shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, in the case of every company, other than a domestic company, calculated at the rate of two and one-half per cent. of such tax, where the income or the aggregate of such incomes paid or likely to be paid and subject to the deduction exceeds one crore rupees.

(7) In cases in which tax has to be collected under the proviso to section 194B of the Income-tax Act, the collection shall be made at the rates specified in Part II of the First Schedule, and shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, calculated, in cases wherever prescribed, in the manner provided therein.

(8) In cases in which tax has to be collected under section 206C of the Income-tax Act, the collection shall be made at the rates specified in that section and shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, in the case of every company, other than a domestic company, calculated at the rate of two and one-half per cent. of such tax, where the amount or the aggregate of such amounts collected and subject to the collection exceeds one crore rupees.

(9) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (10), in cases in which income-tax has to be charged under sub-section (4) of section 172 or sub-section (2) of section 174 or section 174A or section 175 or sub-section (2) of section 176 of the Income-tax Act or deducted from, or paid on, income chargeable under the head "Salaries" under section 192 of the said Act or in which the "advance tax" payable under Chapter XVII-C of the said Act has to be computed at the rate or rates in force, such income-tax or, as the case may be, "advance tax" shall be so charged, deducted or computed at the rate or rates specified in Part III of the First Schedule and such tax shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, calculated in such cases and in such manner as provided therein:

Provided that in cases to which the provisions of Chapter XII or Chapter XII-A or section 115JB or sub-section (1A) of section 161 or section 164 or section 164A or section 167B of the Income-tax Act apply, "advance tax" shall be computed with reference to the rates imposed by this sub-section or the rates as specified in that Chapter or section, as the case may be:

Provided further that the amount of "advance tax" computed in accordance with the provisions of section 111A or section 112 of the Income-tax Act shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, as provided in Paragraph E of Part III of the First Schedule pertaining to the case of a company:

Provided also that in respect of any income chargeable to tax under sections 115A, 115AB, 115AC, 115ACA, 115AD, 115B, 115BB, 115BBA, 115BBC, 115E and 115JB of the Income-tax Act, "advance tax" computed under the first proviso shall be increased by a surcharge, for purposes of the Union, calculated,-

(a) In the case of every domestic company, at the rate of ten per cent. of such "advance tax" where the total income exceeds one crore rupees;

(b) In the case of every company, other than a domestic company, at the rate of two and one-half per cent. of such "advance tax" where the total income exceeds one crore rupees:

Provided
also that in the case of every company having total income chargeable to tax under section 115JB of the Income-tax Act, and such income exceeds one crore rupees, the total amount payable as "advance tax" on such income and surcharge thereon, shall not exceed the total amount payable as "advance tax" on a total income of one crore rupees by more than the amount of income that exceeds one crore rupees.

(10) In cases to which Paragraph A of Part III of the First Schedule applies, where the assessee has, in the previous year or, if by virtue of any provision of the Income-tax Act, income-tax is to be charged in respect of the income of a period other than the previous year, in such other period, any net agricultural income exceeding five thousand rupees, in addition to total income and the total income exceeds one lakh sixty thousand rupees, then, in charging income-tax under sub-section (2) of section 174 or section 174A or section 175 or sub-section (2) of section 176 of the said Act or in computing the "advance tax" payable under Chapter XVII-C of the said Act, at the rate or rates in force,-

(a) The net agricultural income shall be taken into account, in the manner provided in clause (b) [that is to say, as if the net agricultural income were comprised in the total income after the first one lakh sixty thousand rupees of the total income but without being liable to tax], only for the purpose of charging or computing such income-tax or, as the case may be, "advance tax" in respect of the total income; and

(b) Such income-tax or, as the case may be, "advance tax" shall be so charged or computed as follows:-

(i) The total income and the net agricultural income shall be aggregated and the amount of income-tax or "advance tax" shall be determined in respect of the aggregate income at the rates specified in the said Paragraph A, as if such aggregate income were the total income;

(ii) The net agricultural income shall be increased by a sum of one lakh sixty thousand rupees, and the amount of income-tax or "advance tax" shall be determined in respect of the net agricultural income as so increased at the rates specified in the said Paragraph A, as if the net agricultural income were the total income;

(iii) The amount of income-tax or "advance tax" determined in accordance with sub-clause (i) shall be reduced by the amount of income-tax or, as the case may be, "advance tax" determined in accordance with sub-clause (ii) and the sum so arrived at shall be the income-tax or, as the case may be, "advance tax" in respect of the total income:

Provided that in the case of every woman, resident in India and below the age of sixty-five years at any time during the previous year, referred to in item (II) of Paragraph A of Part III of the First Schedule, the provisions of this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words "one lakh sixty thousand rupees", the words "one lakh ninety thousand rupees" had been substituted:

Provided further that in the case of every individual, being a resident in India, who is of the age of sixty-five years or more at any time during the previous year, referred to in item (III) of Paragraph A of Part III of the First Schedule, the provisions of this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words "one lakh sixty thousand rupees", the words "two lakh forty thousand rupees" had been substituted.

(11) The amount of income-tax as specified in sub-sections (1) to (10) and as increased by the applicable surcharge, for purposes of the Union, calculated in the manner provided therein, shall be further increased by an additional surcharge, for purposes of the Union, to be called the "Education Cess on income-tax", calculated at the rate of two per cent. of such income-tax and surcharge so as to fulfill the commitment of the Government to provide and finance universalised quality basic education:

Provided
that nothing contained in this sub-section shall apply to cases in which tax is to be deducted or collected under the sections of the Income-tax Act mentioned in sub-sections (5), (6), (7) and (8), if the income subjected to deduction of tax at source or collection of tax at source is paid to a domestic company and any other person who is resident in India.

(12) The amount of income-tax as specified in sub-sections (1) to (10) and as increased by the applicable surcharge, for purposes of the Union, calculated in the manner provided therein, shall also be increased by an additional surcharge, for purposes of the Union, to be called the "Secondary and Higher Education Cess on income-tax", calculated at the rate of one per cent. of such income-tax and surcharge so as to fulfill the commitment of the Government to provide and finance secondary and higher education:

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall apply to cases in which tax is to be deducted or collected under the sections of the Income-tax Act mentioned in sub-sections (5), (6), (7) and (8), if the income subjected to deduction of tax at source or collection of tax at source is paid to a domestic company and any other person who is resident in India.

(13) For the purposes of this section and the First Schedule,--

(a) "Domestic company" means an Indian company or any other company which, in respect of its income liable to income-tax under the Income-tax Act, for the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2009, has made the prescribed arrangements for the declaration and payment within India of the dividends (including dividends on preference shares) payable out of such income;

(b) "Insurance commission' means any remuneration or reward, whether by way of commission or otherwise, for soliciting or procuring insurance business (including business relating to the continuance, renewal or revival of policies of insurance);

(c) "Net agricultural income", in relation to a person, means the total amount of agricultural income, from whatever source derived, of that person computed in accordance with the rules contained in Part IV of the First Schedule;

(d) All other words and expressions used in this section and the First Schedule but not defined in this sub-section and defined in the Income-tax Act shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in that Act.

Section -3 Amendment of section 2

In section 2 of the Income-tax Act,-

(a) In clause (15), after the words "medical relief,", the words and brackets "preservation of environment (including watersheds, forests and wildlife) and preservation of monuments or places or objects of artistic or historic interest," shall be inserted;

(b) After clause (22AA), the following clause shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:--

(22AAA) "Electoral trust" means a trust so approved by the Board in accordance with the scheme made in this regard by the Central Government;

(c) For clause (23), the following clause shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

(23) (i) "Firm" shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Indian Partnership Act, 1932 (9 of 1932), and shall include a limited liability partnership as defined in the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 (6 of 2009);

(ii) "Partner" shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Indian Partnership Act, 1932 (9 of 1932), and shall include,--

(a) Any person who, being a minor, has been admitted to the benefits of partnership; and

(b) A partner of a limited liability partnership as defined in the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 (6 of 2009);

(iii) "Partnership" shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Indian Partnership Act, 1932 (9 of 1932), and shall include a limited liability partnership as defined in the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 (6 of 2009);';

(d) In clause (24),-

(i) In sub-clause (iia), after the word and figures "section 10", the words "or by an electoral trust" shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010;

(ii) After sub-clause (xiv), the following sub-clause shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of October, 2009, namely:-

(xv) Any sum of money or value of property referred to in clause (vii) of sub-section (2) of section 56;

(e) After clause (29B), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

(29BA) "manufacture", with its grammatical variations, means a change in a non-living physical object or article or thing,-

(a) Resulting in transformation of the object or article or thing into a new and distinct object or article or thing having a different name, character and use; or

(b) Bringing into existence of a new and distinct object or article or thing with a different chemical composition or integral structure;',

(f) In clause (48),-

(i) In sub-clauses (a) and (b), after the words "public sector company", the words "or scheduled bank" shall respectively be inserted;

(ii) After clause (c), the following Explanation shall be inserted, namely:-

Explanation.- For the purposes of this clause, the expression "scheduled bank" shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (ii) of the Explanation to sub-clause (c) of clause (viia) of sub-section (1) of section 36.

Section -4 Amendment of section 10

In section 10 of the Income-tax Act,-

(a) In clause (10C), after the second proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

"Provided also that where any relief has been allowed to an assessee under section 89 for any assessment year in respect of any amount received or receivable on his voluntary retirement or termination of service or voluntary separation, no exemption under this clause shall be allowed to him in relation to such, or any other, assessment year;"

(b) In clause (23C), in the fourteenth proviso, for the words "made at any time during the financial year immediately preceding the assessment year", the words, figures and letters "made on or before the 30th day of September of the relevant assessment year" shall be substituted;

(c) In clause (23D), in the Explanation, in clause (a), after the words, brackets and figures "Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1980" (40 of 1980), the words 'and a bank included in the category "other public sector banks" by the Reserve Bank of India', shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010;

(d) After clause (43), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

"(44) any income received by any person for, or on behalf of, the New Pension System Trust established on the 27th day of February, 2008 under the provisions of the Indian Trusts Act, 1882 (2 of 1882).".

Section -5 Amendment of section 10A

In section 10A of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (1), in the fourth proviso, for the figures, letters and words "1st day of April, 2011", the figures, letters and words "1st day of April, 2012" shall be substituted.

Section -6 Amendment of section 10AA

In section 10AA of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (7), for the words "by the assessee" occurring at the end, the words "by the undertaking" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010.

Section -7 Amendment of section 10B

In section 10B of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (1), in the third proviso, for the figures, letters and words" 1st day of April, 2011", the figures, letters and words " 1st day of April, 2012" shall be substituted.

Section -8 Insertion of new section 13B

After section 13A of the Income-tax Act, the following section shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

"13B. Special provisions relating to voluntary contributions received by electoral trust.-

Any voluntary contributions received by an electoral trust shall not be included in the total income of the previous year of such electoral trust, if-

(a) Such electoral trust distributes to any political party, registered under section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, (43 of 1951) during the said previous year, ninety-five per cent. of the aggregate donations received by it during the said previous year along with the surplus, if any, brought forward from any earlier previous year; and

(b) Such electoral trust functions in accordance with the rules made by the Central Government.".

Section -9 Amendment of section 17

In section 17 of the Income-tax Act, in clause (2), with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010,-

(a) In sub-clause (v), for the words "annuity; and", the word "annuity;" shall be substituted;

(b) For sub-clause (vi), the following sub-clauses shall be substituted, namely:-

(vi) The value, of any specified security or sweat equity shares allotted or transferred, directly or indirectly, by the employer, or former employer, free of cost or at confessional rate to the assessee.

Explanation.- For the purposes of this sub-clause,-

(a) "Specified security" means the securities as defined in clause (h) of section 2 of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 (42 of 1956) and, where employees' stock option has been granted under any plan or scheme therefor, includes the securities offered under such plan or scheme;

(b) "Sweat equity shares" means equity shares issued by a company to its employees or directors at a discount or for consideration other than cash for providing know-how or making available rights in the nature of intellectual property rights or value additions, by whatever name called;

(c) The value of any specified security or sweat equity shares shall be the fair market value of the specified security or sweat equity shares, as the case may be, on the date on which the option is exercised by the assessee as reduced by the amount actually paid by, or recovered from, the assessee in respect of such security or shares;

(d) "Fair market value" means the value determined in accordance with the method as may be prescribed;

(e) "Option" means a right but not an obligation granted to an employee to apply for the specified security or sweat equity shares at a predetermined price;

(vii) The amount of any contribution to an approved superannuating fund by the employer in respect of the assessee, to the extent it exceeds one lakh rupees; and

(viii) The value of any other fringe benefit or amenity as may be prescribed:

Section -10 Amendment of section 28

In section 28 of the Income-tax Act, after clause (vi), the following clause shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

(vii) Any sum, whether received or receivable, in cash or kind, on account of any capital asset (other than land or goodwill or financial instrument) being demolished, destroyed, discarded or transferred, if the whole of the expenditure on such capital asset has been allowed as a deduction under section 35AD;.

Section -11 Amendment of section 32

In section 32 of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (1), in Explanation 3, for the words 'the expressions "assets" and "block of assets'", the words 'the expression "assets'" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010.

Section -12 Amendment of section 35

In section 35 of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (2AB), in clause (1), for the words "the business of manufacture or production of any drugs, Pharmaceuticals, electronic equipments, computers, telecommunication equipments, chemicals or any other article or thing notified by the Board", the words "any business of manufacture or production of any article or thing, not being an article or thing specified in the list of the Eleventh Schedule" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010.

Section -13 Insertion of new section 35AD

After section 35AC of the Income-tax Act, the following section shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

'35AD. Deduction in respect of expenditure on specified business.-

(1) An assessee shall be allowed a deduction in respect of the whole of any expenditure of capital nature incurred, wholly and exclusively, for the purposes of any specified business carried on by him during the previous year in which such expenditure is incurred by him:

Provided that the expenditure incurred, wholly and exclusively, for the purposes of any specified business, shall be allowed as deduction during the previous year in which he commences operations of his specified business, if-

(a) The expenditure is incurred prior to the commencement of its operations; and

(b) The amount is capitalised in the books of account of the assessee on the date of commencement of its operations.

(2) This section applies to the specified business which fulfills all the following conditions, namely:-

(i) It is not set up by splitting up, or the reconstruction, of a business already in existence;

(ii) It is not set up by the transfer to the specified business of machinery or plant previously used for any purpose;

(iii) Where the business is of the nature referred to in sub-clause (iii) of clause (c) of sub-section (8), such business,-

(a) Is owned by a company formed and registered in India under the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956) or by a consortium of such companies or by an authority or a board or a corporation established or constituted under any Central or State Act;

(b) Has been approved by the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board established under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board Act, 2006 (19 of 2006) and notified by the Central Government in the Official Gazette in this behalf;

(c) Has made not less than one-third of its total pipeline capacity available for use on common carrier basis by any person other than the assessee or an associated person; and

(d) Fulfills any other condition as may be prescribed.

(3) The assessee shall not be allowed any deduction in respect of the specified business under the provisions of Chapter VIA under the heading "C -

Deductions in respect of certain incomes".

(4) No deduction in respect of the expenditure referred to in sub-section (1) shall be allowed to the assessee under any other section in any previous year or under this section in any other previous year.

(5) The provisions of this section shall apply to the specified business referred to in sub-section (2) if it commences its operations,-

(a) On or after the 1st day of April, 2007, where the specified business is in the nature of laying and operating a cross-country natural gas pipeline network for distribution, including storage facilities being an integral part of such network; and

(b) On or after the 1st day of April, 2009, in all other cases not falling under clause (a).

(6) The assessee carrying on the business of the nature referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (5) shall be allowed, in addition to deduction under sub-section (1), a further deduction in the previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2010, of an amount in respect of expenditure of capital nature incurred during my earlier previous year, if-

(a) The business referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (5) has commenced its operation at any time during the period beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2007 and ending on the 31st day of March, 2009; and

(b) No deduction for such amount has been allowed or is allowable to the assessee in any earlier previous year.

(7) The provisions contained in sub-section (6) of section 80A and the provisions of sub-sections (7) and (10) of section 80-IA shall, so far as may be, apply to this section in respect of goods of services or assets held for the purposes of the specified business,

(8) For the purposes of this section,-

(a) An "associated person", in relation to the assessee, means a person,-

(i) Who participates, directly or indirectly, or through one or more intermediaries in the management or control or capital of the assessee;

(ii) Who holds, directly or indirectly, shares carrying not less than twenty-six per cent. of the voting power in the capital of the assessee;

(iii) Who appoints more than half of the Board of directors or members of the governing board, or one or more executive directors or executive members of the governing board of the assessee; or

(iv) Who guarantees not less than ten per cent. of the total borrowings of the assessee;

(b) "Cold chain facility" means a chain of facilities for storage or transportation of agricultural and forest produce, meat and meat products, poultry, marine and dairy products, products of horticulture, floriculture and apiculture and processed food items under scientifically controlled conditions including refrigeration and other facilities necessary for the preservation of such produce;

(c) "Specified business" means any one or more of the following business, namely:-

(i) Setting up and operating a cold chain facility;

(ii) Setting up and operating a warehousing facility for storage of agricultural produce;

(iii) Laying and operating a cross-country natural gas or crude or petroleum oil pipeline network for distribution, including storage facilities being an integral part of such network;

(d) Any machinery or plant which was used outside India by any person other than the assessee shall not be regarded as machinery or plant previously used for any purpose, if-

(i) Such machinery or plant was not, at any time prior to the date of the installation by the assessee, used in India;

(ii) Such machinery or plant is imported into India from any country outside India; and

(iii) No deduction on account of depreciation in respect of such machinery or plant has been allowed or is allowable under the provisions of this Act in computing the total income of any person for any period prior to the date of installation of the machinery or plant by the assessee;

(e) Where in the case of a specified business, any machinery or plant or any part thereof previously used for any purpose is transferred to the specified business and the total value of the machinery or plant or part so transferred does not exceed twenty per cent. of the total value of the machinery or plant used in such business, then, for the purposes of clause (ii) of sub-section (2), the condition specified therein shall be deemed to have been complied with;

(f) Any expenditure of capital nature shall not include any expenditure incurred on the acquisition of any land or goodwill or financial instrument.'.

Section -14 Amendment of section 36

In section 36 of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (1),-

(a) In clause (iiia), in the Explanation, in clause (i), after the words "public sector company", at both the places where they occur, the words "or scheduled bank" shall be inserted;

(b) In clause (viii), in the Explanation, in clause (b), for sub-clause (i), the following sub-clause shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

"(i) In respect of the specified entity referred to in sub-clause (i) or sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iii) or sub-clause (iv) of clause (a), the business of providing long-term finance for--

(A) Industrial or agricultural development;

(B) Development of infrastructure facility in India; or

(C) Development of housing in India;";

(c) Clause (xvi) shall be omitted.

Section -15 Amendment of section 40

In section 40 of the Income-tax Act, in clause (b), in sub-clause (v), for items (1) and (2), the following shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:--

"(a) On the first Rs.3,00,000 of the book-profit or in case of a loss    Rs. 1,50,000 or at the rate of 90 per cent. of the book-profit, whichever is more;

(b) On the balance of the book-profit    at the rate of 60 per cent.:".

Section -16 Amendment of section 40A

In section 40A of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (3A), after the proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of October, 2009, namely:-

Provided further that in the case of payment made for plying, hiring or leasing goods carriages, the provisions of sub-sections (3) and (3A) shall have effect as if for the words "twenty thousand rupees", the words "thirty-five thousand rupees" had been substituted.

Section -17 Amendment of section 43

In section 43 of the Income-tax Act, with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010 -

(a) In clause (1), after Explanation 12, the following Explanation shall be inserted, namely:-

"Explanation 13.- The actual cost of any capital asset on which deduction has been allowed or is allowable to the assessee under section 35AD, shall be treated as 'nil',-

(a) In the case of such assessee; and

(b) In any other case if the capital asset is acquired or received,-

(i) By way of gift or will or an irrevocable trust;

(ii) On any distribution on liquidation of the company; and

(iii) By such mode of transfer as is referred to in clauses (i), (iv).
(v), (vi), (vii), (xiii) and (xiv) of section 47;

(b) In clause (6), after Explanation 6, the following Explanation shall be inserted, namely:-

Explanation
7.- For the purposes of this clause, where the income of an assessee is derived, in part from agriculture and in part from business chargeable to income-tax under the head "Profits and gains of business or profession", for computing the written down value of assets acquired before the previous year, the total amount of depreciation shall be computed as if the entire income is derived from the business of the assessee under the head "Profits and gains of business or profession" and the depreciation so computed shall be deemed to be the depreciation actually allowed under this Act.

Section -18 Amendment of section 44AA

In section 44AA of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (2), with effect from the 1st day of April, 2011 -

(a) In clause (iii),-

(i) For the words, figures and letters "section 44AD or section 44AE or section 44AF", the word, figures and letters "section 44AE" shall be substituted;

(ii) For the words "previous year," occurring at the end, the words "previous year; or" shall be substituted;

(b) After clause (iii), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

(iv) Where the profits and gains from the business are deemed to be the profits and gains of the assessee under section 44AD and he has claimed such income to be lower than the profits and gains so deemed to be the profits and gains of his business and his income exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to income-tax during such previous year.

Section -19 Amendment of section 44AB

In section 44AB of the Income-tax Act, with effect from the 1st day of April, 2011 -

(a) In clause (c),-

(i) For the words, figures and letters "section 44AD or section 44AE or section 44AF", the word, figures and letters "section 44AE" shall be substituted;

(ii) For the words "previous year," occurring at the end, the words "previous year; or" shall be substituted;

(b) After clause (c), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

(d) Carrying on the business shall, if the profits and gains from the business are deemed to be the profits and gains of such person under section 44AD and he has claimed such income to be lower than the profits and gains so deemed to be the profits and gains of his business and his income exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to income-tax in any previous year.

Section -20 Substitution of new section for section 44AD

For section 44AD of the Income-tax Act, the following section shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2011, namely.-

'44AD. Special provision for computing profits and gains of business on presumptive basis.-

(1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in sections 28 to 43C, in the case of an eligible assessee engaged in an eligible business, a sum equal to eight per cent. of the total turnover or gross receipts of the assessee in the previous year on account of such business or, as the case may be, a sum higher than the aforesaid sum claimed to have been earned by the eligible assessee, shall be deemed to be the profits and pins of such business chargeable to tax under the head "Profits and gains of business or profession".

(2) Any deduction allowable under the provisions of sections 30 to 38 shall, for the purposes of sub-section (7), be deemed to have been already given full effect to and no further deduction under those sections shall be allowed:

Provided that where the eligible assessee is a firm, the salary and interest paid to its partners shall be deducted from the income computed under sub-section (1) subject to the conditions and limits specified in clause (6) of section 40.

(3) The written down value of any asset of an eligible business shall be deemed to have been calculated as if the eligible assessee had claimed and had been actually allowed the deduction in respect of the depreciation for each of the relevant assessment years.

(4) The provisions of Chapter XVII-C shall not apply to an eligible assessee in so far as they relate to the eligible business.

(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this section, an eligible assessee who claims that his profits and gains from the eligible business are lower than the profits and gains specified in sub-section (1) and whose total income exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to income-tax, shall be required to keep and maintain such books of Account and other documents as required under sub-section (2) of section 44AA and get them audited and furnish a report of such audit as required under section 44AB.

Explanation.- For the purposes of this section,-

(a) "Eligible assessee" means,-

(i) An individual, Hindu undivided family or a partnership firm, who is a resident, but not a limited liability partnership firm as defined under clause (n) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 (6 of 2009); and

(ii) Who has not claimed deduction under any of the sections 10A, 10AA, 10B, 10BA or deduction under any provisions of Chapter VIA under the heading "C--Deductions in respect of certain incomes" in the relevant assessment year;

(b) "Eligible business" means,-

(i) Any business except the business of plying, hiring of leasing goods carriages referred to in section 44AE; and

(ii) Whose total turnover or gross receipts in the previous year does not exceed an amount of forty lakh rupees.'.

Section -21 Amendment of section 44AE

In section 44AE of the Income-tax Act, for sub-section (2), the following sub-section shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2011, namely:-

(2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), the profits and gains from each goods carriage,-

(i) Being a heavy goods vehicle, shall be an amount equal to five thousand rupees for every month or part of a month during which the heavy goods vehicle is owned by the assessee in the previous year or an amount claimed to have been actually earned from such vehicle, whichever is higher;

(ii) Other than a heavy goods vehicle, shall be an amount equal to four thousand five hundred rupees for every month or part of a month during which the goods carriage is owned by the assessee in the previous year or an amount claimed to have been actually earned from such vehicle, whichever is higher.

Section -22  Amendment of section 44AF

In section 44AF of the Income-tax Act, after sub-section (5), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:-

(5) Nothing contained in this section shall apply to any assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2011.

Section -23 Amendment of section 49

In section 49 of the Income-tax Act,-

(a) For sub-section (2AA), the following sub-section shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

(2AA) Where the capital gain arises from the transfer of specified security or sweat equity shares referred to in sub-clause (vi) of clause (2) of section 17, the cost of acquisition of such security or shares shall be the fair market value which has been taken into account for the purposes of the said sub-clause.

(b) After sub-section (3), the following sub-section shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of October, 2009, namely:-

(4) Where the capital gain arises from the transfer of a property, the value of which has been subject to income-tax under clause
(vii) of sub-section (2) of section 56, the cost of acquisition of such property shall be deemed to be the value which has been taken into account for the purposes of the said clause (vii).

Section -24  Amendment of section 50B

In section 50B of the Income-tax Act, in Explanation 2 with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010 -

(i) In clause (a), the word "and" occurring at the end, shall be omitted;

(ii) For clause (b), the following clauses shall be substituted, namely:-

"(b) In the case of capital assets in respect of which the whole of the expenditure has been allowed or is allowable as a deduction under section 35AD, nil; and

(c) In the case of other assets, the book value of such assets.".

Section -25  Amendment of section 50C

In section 50C of the Income-tax Act, with effect from the 1st day of October, 2009-

(a) For the words "Or assessed" wherever they occur, the words "or assessed or assessable" shall be substituted;

(b) In sub-section (2), the Explanation shall be numbered as

Explanation 1 thereof and after Explanation 1 as so numbered, the following Explanation shall be inserted, namely:--

Explanation
2.-For the purposes of this section, the expression "assessable" means the price which the stamp valuation authority would have, notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other law for the time being in force, adopted or assessed, if it were referred to such authority for the purposes of the payment of stamp duty.

Section -26  Amendment of section 56

In section 56 of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (2),-

(a) With effect from the 1st day of October, 2009 -

(i) In clause (vi), after the words, figures and letters "on or after the 1st day of April, 2006", the words, figures and letters "but before the 1st day of October, 2009" shall be inserted;

(ii) After clause (vi), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

'(vii) Where an individual or a Hindu undivided family receives, in any previous year, from any person or persons on or after the 1st day of October, 2009,-

(a) Any sum of money, without consideration, the aggregate value of which exceeds fifty thousand rupees, the whole of the aggregate value of such sum;

(b) Any immovable property,-

(i) Without consideration, the stamp duty value of which exceeds fifty thousand rupees, the stamp duty value of such property;

(ii) For a consideration which is less than the stamp duty value of the property by an amount exceeding fifty thousand rupees, the stamp duty value of such property as exceeds such consideration;

(c) Any property, other than immovable property,-

(i) Without consideration, the aggregate fair market value of which exceeds fifty thousand rupees, the whole of the aggregate fair market value of such property;

(ii) For a consideration which is less than the aggregate fair market value of the property by an amount exceeding fifty thousand rupees, the aggregate fair market value of such property as exceeds such consideration:

Provided that where the stamp duty value of immovable property as referred to in sub-clause (b) is disputed by the assessee on grounds mentioned in sub-section (2) of section 50C, the Assessing Officer may refer the valuation of such property to a Valuation Officer, and the provisions of section 50C and sub-section (15) of section 155 shall, as far as may be, apply in relation to the stamp duty value of such property for the purpose of sub-clause (b) as they apply for valuation of capital asset under those sections:

Provided further that this clause shall not apply to any sum of money or any property received-

(a) From any relative; or

(b) On the occasion of the marriage of the individual; or

(c) Under a will or by way of inheritance; or

(d) In contemplation of death of the payer or donor, as the case may be; or

(e) From any local authority as defined in the Explanation to clause (20) of section 10; or

(f) From any fund or foundation or university or other educational institution or hospital or other medical institution or any trust or institution referred to in clause (23C) of section 10; or

(g) From any trust or institution registered under section 12AA.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this clause,-

(a) "Assessable" shall have the meaning assigned to it in Explanation 2 to sub-section (2) of section 50C;

(b) "Fair market value" of a property, other than an immovable property, means the value determined in accordance with the method as may be prescribed;

(c) "Jewellery" shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Explanation to sub-clause (ii) of clause (14) of section 2;

(d) "Property" means-

(i) Immovable property being land or building or both;

(ii) Shares and securities;

(iii) Jewellery;

(iv) Archaeological collections;

(v) drawings;

(vi) Painting;

(vii) Sculptures; or

(viii) Any work of art;

(e) "Relative" shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Explanation to clause (vi) of sub-section (2) of this section;

(f) "Stamp duty value" meant the value adopted or assessed or assessable by any authority of the Central Government or a State Government for the purpose of payment of stamp duty in respect of an immovable property;';

(b) After clause (vii) as so inserted, the following clause shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

"(viii) Income by way of interest received on compensation or on enhanced compensation referred to in clause (b) of section 145A.".

Section -27 Amendment of section 57

In section 57 of the Income-tax Act, after clause (iii), the following clause shall be inserted at the end with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

"(iv) In the case of income of the nature referred to in clause (viii) of sub-section (2) of section 56, a deduction of a sum equal to fifty per cent. of such income and no deduction shall be allowed under any other clause of this section.".

Section -28 Insertion of new section 73A

After section 73 of the Income-tax Act, the following section shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day pf April, 2010, namely:-

"73A. Carry forward and set off of losses by specified business.-

(1) Any loss, computed in respect of any specified business referred to in section 35AD shall not be set off except against profits and gains, if any, of any other specified business.

(2) Where for any assessment year any loss computed in respect of the specified business referred to in sub-section (1) has not been wholly set off under sub-section (1), so much of the loss as is not so set off or the whole loss where the assessee has no income from any other specified business, shall, subject to the other provisions of this Chapter, be carried forward to the following assessment year, and -

(i) It shall be set off against the profits and gains, if any, of any specified business carried on by him assessable for that assessment year; and

(ii) If the loss can not be wholly so set off, the amount of loss not so set off shall be carried forward to the following assessment year and so on.".

Section -29  Amendment of section 80A

In section 80 A of the Income-tax Act,-

(a) After sub-section (3), the following sub-sections shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2003, namely:-

'(4) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in section 10A or section 10AA or section 10B or section 10BA or in any provisions of this Chapter under the heading "C-

Deductions in respect of certain incomes, where, in the case of an assessee, any amount of profits and gains of an undertaking or unit or enterprise or eligible business is claimed and allowed as a deduction under any of those provisions for any assessment year, deduction in respect of, and to the extent of, such profits and gains shall not be allowed under any other provisions of this Act for such assessment year and shall in no case exceed the profits and gains of such undertaking or unit or enterprise or eligible business, as the case may be.

(5) Where the assessee falls to make a claim in his return of income for any deduction under section 10A or section 10AA or section 10B or section 10BA or Under any provision of this Chapter under the heading "C.--Deductions in respect of certain incomes", no deduction shall be allowed to him thereunder.

(b) After sub-section (5) as so inserted, the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:-

(5) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in section 10A or section 10AA or section 10B or section 10BA or in any provisions of this Chapter under the heading "C.-

Deductions in respect of certain incomes", where any goods or services held for the purposes of the undertaking or unit or enterprise or eligible business are transferred to any other business carried on by the assessee or where any goods or services held for the purposes of any other business carried on by the assessee are transferred to the undertaking or unit or enterprise or eligible business and, the consideration, if any, for such transfer as recorded in the accounts of the undertaking or unit or enterprise or eligible business does not correspond to the market value of such goods or services as on the date of the transfer, then, for the purposes of any deduction under this Chapter, the profits and gains of such undertaking or unit or enterprise or eligible business shall be computed as if the transfer, in either case, had been made at the market value of such goods or services as on that date.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this sub-section, the expression "market value",-

(i) In relation to any goods or services sold or supplied, means the price that such goods or services would fetch if these were sold by the undertaking or unit or enterprise or eligible business in the open market, subject to statutory or regulatory restrictions, if any;

(ii) In relation to any goods or services acquired, means the price that such goods or services would cost if these were acquired by the undertaking or unit or enterprise or eligible business from the open market, subject to statutory or regulatory restrictions, if any.

Section -30 Amendment of section 80CCD

In section 80CCD of the Income-tax Act,-

(a) In sub-section (1),-

(i) In the opening portion, after the words, figures and letters "Where an assessee, being an individual employed by the Central Government or any other employer on or after the 1st day of January, 2004,", the words "or any other assessee, being an individual" shall be inserted;

(ii) For the words "as does not exceed ten per cent. of his salary in the previous year", the following words shall be substituted, namely:-

"as does not exceed,-

(a) In the case of an employee, ten per cent. of his salary in the previous year; and

(b) In any other case, ten per cent. of his gross total income in the previous year;";

(b) After sub-section (4), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:-

"(5) For the purposes of this section, the assessee shall be deemed not to have received any amount in the previous year if such amount is used for purchasing an annuity plan in the same previous year.".

Section -32 Amendment of section 80DD

In section 80DD of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (1), in the proviso, for the words "seventy-five thousand rupees", the words "one hundred thousand rupees" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010.

32. Amendment of section 80E.-

In section 80E of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (3), with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010,-

(i) For clause (c), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:-

(c) "Higher education" means any course of study pursued after passing the Senior Secondary Examination or its equivalent from any school, board or university recognised by the Central Government or State Government or local authority or by any other authority authorised by the Central Government or State Government or local authority to do so;

(ii) For clause (e), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:-

(e) "Relative", in relation to an individual, means the spouse and children of that individual or the student for whom the individual is the legal guardian.

Section -33 Amendment of section 80G

In section 80G of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (5),-

(a) In clause (v), the word "and" occurring at the end shall be omitted;

(b) In clause (vi), for the words "made in this behalf:", the words "made in this behalf; and" shall be substituted;

(c) In clause (vi), the proviso shall be omitted with effect from the 1st day of October, 2009;

(d) After clause (vi), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

"(vii) Where any institution or fund had been approved under clause

(vi) For the previous year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2007 and ending on the 31st day of March, 2008, such institution or fund shall, for the purposes of this section and notwithstanding anything contained in the proviso to clause (15) of section 2, be deemed to have been,-

(a) Established for charitable purposes for the previous year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2008 and ending on the 31st day of March, 2009; and

(b) Approved under the said clause (vi) for the previous year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2008 and ending on the 31st day of March, 2009.".

Section -34  Amendment of section 80GGB

In section 80GGB of the Income-tax Act, after the words "political party", the words "or an electoral trust" shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010.

Section -35 Amendment of section 80GGC

In section 80GGC of the Income-tax Act, for the words "to a political party", the words "to a political party or an electoral trust" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010.

Section -36 Amendment of section 80-IA

In section 80-IA of the Income-tax Act,-

(a) In sub-section (2), the words "or lays and begins to operate a cross-country natural gas distribution network" shall be omitted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010;

(b) In sub-section (3), the words, brackets and letters "or clause (vi)" shall be omitted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010;

(c) In sub-section (4),-

(A) In clause (iii), in the second proviso, for the words, figures and letters "the 31st day of March, 2009", the words, figures and letters "the 31st day of March, 2011" shall be substituted;

(B) In clause (iv), for the words, figures and letters "the 31st day of March, 2010" wherever they occur, the words, figures and letters "the 31st day of March, 2011" shall be substituted;

(C) In clause (v), in sub-clause (b), for the figures, letters and words "31st day of March, 2008", the figures, letters and words "31st day of March, 2011" shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2008;

(D) Clause (vi) shall be omitted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010;

(d) After sub-section (13), for the Explanation, the following Explanation shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2000, namely:-

Explanation.-For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that nothing contained in this section shall apply in relation to a business referred to in sub-section (4) which is in the nature of a works contract awarded by any person (including the Central or State Government) and executed by the undertaking or enterprise referred to in sub-section (1).

Section -37 Amendment of section 80-IB

In section 80-IB of the Income-tax Act,-

(a) For sub-section (9), the following sub-section shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2000, namely:-

(9) The amount of deduction to an undertaking shall be hundred per cent. of the profits for a period of seven consecutive assessment years, including the initial assessment year, if such undertaking fulfils any of the following, namely:-

(i) Is located in North-Eastern Region and has begun or begins commercial production of mineral oil before the 1st day of April, 1997;

(ii) Is located in any part of India and has begun or begins commercial production of mineral oil on or after the 1st day of April, 1997;

(iii) Is engaged in refining of mineral oil and begins such refining on or after the 1st day of October, 1998.

Explanation.- For the purposes of claiming deduction under this sub-section, all blocks licensed under a single contract, which has been awarded under the New Exploration Licencing Policy announced by the Government of India vide Resolution No. O-19018/22/95-ONGDO.VL, dated 10th February, 1999 or has been awarded in pursuance of any law for the time being in force or has been awarded by the Central or a State Government in any other manner, shall be treated as a single "undertaking".

(b) In sub-section (9), as so substituted,-

(A) In clause (iii), after the words, figures and letters "the 1st day of October, 1998", the words, figures and letters "but not later than the 31st day of March, 2012" shall be inserted;

(B) After clause (iii), the following clauses shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely.-

(iv) Is engaged in commercial production of natural gas in blocks licensed under the VIII Round of bidding for award of exploration contracts (hereafter referred to as "NELP-VIII") under the New Exploration Licencing Policy announced by the Government of India vide Resolution No. O-19018/22/95-ONGDO.VL, dated 10th February, 1999 and begins commercial production of natural gas on or after the 1st day of April, 2009;

(v) Is engaged in commercial production of natural gas in blocks licensed under the IV Round of bidding for award of exploration contracts for Coal Bed Methane blocks and begins commercial production of natural gas on or after the 1st day of April, 2009;';

(c) In sub-section (10),-

(i) In the opening portion, for the figures, letters and words "31st day of March, 2007", the figures, letters and words "31st day of March, 2008" shall be substituted;

(ii) In clause (c), for the words "any other place; and", the words "any other place;" shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010;

(iii) After clause (d), the following clauses shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

"(e) Not more than one residential unit in the housing project is allotted to any person not being an individual; and

(f) In a case where a residential unit in the housing project is allotted to a person being an individual, no other residential unit in such housing project is allotted to any of the following persons, namely:-

(i) The individual or the spouse or the minor children of such individual,

(ii) The Hindu undivided family in which such individual is the karta,

(iii) Any person representing such individual, the spouse or the minor children of such individual or the Hindu undivided family in which such individual is the karta,";

(iv) The following Explanation shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2001, namely:-

Explanation.-For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that nothing contained in this sub-section shall apply to any undertaking which executes the housing project as a works contract awarded by any person (including the Central or State Government).

(d) In sub-section (11A), with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010,-

(i) After the words "vegetables or", the following words shall be inserted, namely:-

"Meat and meat products or poultry or marine or dairy products or";

(ii) The following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-

Provided
that the provisions of this section shall not apply to an undertaking engaged in the business of processing, preservation and packaging of meat or meat products or poultry or marine or dairy products if it begins to operate such business before the 1st day of April, 2009.

Section -38 Amendment of section 80U

In section 80U of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (1), after the proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

Provided further that for the assessment years beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2010, the provisions of the first proviso shall have effect as if for the words "seventy-five thousand rupees", the words "one lakh rupees" had been substituted.

Section -39 Amendment of section 89

In section 89 of the Income-tax Act, the following proviso shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2010, namely:-

"Provided that no such relief shall be granted in respect of any amount received or receivable by an assessee on his voluntary retirement or termination of his service, in accordance with any scheme or schemes of voluntary retirement or in the case of a public sector company referred to in sub-clause (i) of clause (10C) of section 10, a scheme of voluntary separation, if an exemption in respect of any amount received or receivable on such voluntary retirement or termination of his service or voluntary separation has been claimed by the assessee under clause (10C) of section 10 in respect of such, or any other, assessment year.".

Section -40 Substitution of new section for section 90

For section 90 of the Income-tax Act, the following section shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of October, 2009, namely:-

'90.  Agreement with foreign countries or specified territories.-

(1) The Central Government may enter into an agreement with the Government of any country outside India or specified territory outside India,-

(a) For the granting of relief in respect of-

(i) Income on which have been paid both income-tax under this Act and income-tax in that country or specified territory, as the case may be, or

(ii) Income-tax chargeable under this Act and under the corresponding law in force in that country or specified territory, as the case may be, to promote mutual economic relations, trade and investment, or

(b) For the avoidance of double taxation of income under this Act and under the corresponding law in force in that country or specified territory, as the case may be, or

(c) For exchange of information for the prevention of evasion or avoidance of income-tax chargeable under this Act or under the corresponding law in force in that country or specified territory, as the case may be, or investigation of cases of such evasion or avoidance, or

(d) For recovery of income-tax under this Act and under the corresponding law in force in that country or specified territory, as the case may be, and may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make such provisions as may be necessary for implementing the agreement.

(2) Where the Central Government has entered into an agreement with the Government of any country outside India or specified territory outside India, as the case may be, under sub-section (1) for granting relief of tax, or as the case may be, avoidance of double taxation, then, in relation to the assessee to whom such agreement applies, the provisions of this Act shall apply to the extent they are more beneficial to that assessee.

(3) Any term used but not defined in this Act or in the agreement referred to in sub-section (1) shall, unless the context otherwise requires, and is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act or the agreement, have the same meaning as assigned to it in the notification issued by the Central Government in the Official Gazette in this behalf.

Explanation 1.-For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that the charge of tax in respect of a foreign company at a rate higher than the rate at which a domestic company is chargeable, shall not be regarded as less favorable charge or levy of tax in respect of such foreign company.

Explanation
2.- For the purposes of this section, "specified territory" means any area outside India which may be notified as such by the Central Government.'.

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