Criminal Law | Comments (0)


Year : 1938

ACT NO. 20 OF 1938.

[14th September, 1938.]

An Act to amend the criminal law.

WHEREAS it is expedient to supplement the criminal law by providing for the punishment of certain acts prejudicial to the recruitment of persons to serve in, and to the discipline of, 1*[the Armed Forces of the Union];

It is hereby enacted as follows:-


1 Subs. by the A. O. 1950 for "His Majestys Forces".


Section -1 Short title extent and commencement.

(1) This Act may be called the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1938.

(2) It extends to the whole of India 1*

(3) It shall come into force in a State on such date 2* as the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint in his behalf for such State.


1. The words " except Part B States " were omitted by Act 3 of

2. Came into force in the States of Delhi, Ajmer and Coorg on the 1st August, 1954, see Gazette of India, 1954, Pt. 11, see. 3, p. 1806; in Uttar Pradesh on the 20th August, 1954, see U. P.Gazette, Pt.I, p. 1041 and in Assam on the 25th August, 1954, see Assam Gazette,1954, Pt. IIA, p. 1809.


Section -2 Dissuasion from enlistment and instigation to mutiny or insubordination after enlistment.


(a) With intent to affect adversely the recruitment of persons to serve in the Military, Naval or Air Forces of 1*[the Union], willfully dissuades or attempts to dissuade the public or any person from entering any such Forces, or

(b) Without dissuading or attempting to dissuade any person from entering such Forces, instigates the public or any person to do, after entering any such Force, any thing which is an offence punishable as mutiny or insubordination under section 27 of the Indian Army Act 2*, 1911 (8 of 1911), or sections 10 to 12 and 14 to 17 inclusive of 3*the Indian Navy (Discipline) Act, 1934 (34 of 1934), or sections 35 to 37 inclusive of the Indian Air Force Act7, 1932 (14 of 1932), as the case may be, Extended to Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands (w.e.f. 1- 10-1957): vide Reg. 8 of 1965, s.3 & Sch. The Act comes into force in Pondicherry on 1.10.1963 vide Reg. 4*.of 1963, s. 3 and Sch. I. Extended to and brought into force in Dadra and Nagar Haveli (w.e.f. 1.7.65) by Reg. 6 of 1963, s. 2 & Sch. I. shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both. No person shall be prosecuted for any offence under this Act except with the previous sanction of the State Government.

Exception 1.-The provisions of clause (a) of this section do not extend to comments on or criticism of the policy of Government in connection with the Military, Naval or Air Forces, made in good faith without any intention of dissuading from enlistment.

Exception 1.-The provisions of clause (a) of this section do not extend to the case in which advice is given in good faith for the benefit of the individual to whom it is given, or for the benefit of any member of his family or of any of his dependents.


1. Subs. by the A. O. 1950 for "His Majesty".

2. Now see the Army Act, 1950 (46 of 1950).

3. The words "the Naval Discipline Act as applied to the Indian Navy by" omitted by the A. O. 1950.

4. Now see the Air Force Act, 1950 (45 of 1950).



You could get in touch with our team to find a suitable lawyer for assistance.
Helplinelaw has been referring lawyers that fit your needs in terms of seniority and experience since 2001