THE POLICE (INCITEMENT TO DISAFFECTION), ACT 1922

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Year : 1922

[ACT, No.22 of 1922]
[5th October, 1922.]

PREAMBLE

An Act to provide a penalty for spreading disaffection among the police and for kindred offences.

WHEREAS it is expedient to penalize the spreading of Disaffection among the police and other kindred offences; It is hereby enacted as follows:-

Section -1 Short title, extent and commencement

(1) This Act may be called the Police (Incitement to Disaffection) Act, 1922.{ Subs. by the A.O.1950.}

(2) It extends to the whole of India except{Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No.3) Order, 1956 for " Part B States".} [the territories which, immediately before the 1st November, 1956, were comprised in Part B States].

(3) It shall come into force in any State or part of a State on such date in the Punjab from 13th March, 1930, see Punjab Gazette, 1930, Pt.I, p.342; in B.& O.(including the Sonthal Parganas) from 15th May, 1930, see B.& O.Gazette, Extraordinary, dated 13th May, 1930 and in the Bombay Presidency from 5th June, 1930, see Bom.Gazette, 1930 Pt.I, p.1394.The Act has also been declared to be in force in the Khondmals District by the Khondmals Laws Regulation, 1936 (4 of 1936), s.3 and Sch and in the Angul District by the Angul Laws Regulation, 1936 (5 of 1936), s.3 and Sch.

Extended to Shabda, Nandurbar and Taloda Talukas of the West Khandesh District; the Dohad Taluka and the Jhalod Mahal of the Panch Mahal District of the State of Bombay by Schedule II of Act 20 of 1954.} as the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct.

Section -2  Definition

In this Act, the expression " member of a police-force'' means any person appointed or enrolled for the performance of police duties under any enactment specified in the Schedule.

Section -3  Penalty for causing disaffection etc

Whoever intentionally causes or attempts to cause, or does any 1* act which he knows is likely to cause, disaffection towards the Government established by law in 2*[India] amongst the member of a police-force, or induces or attempts to induce, or does any which he knows is likely to induce, any member of a police-force to withhold his services or to commit a breach of discipline shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to six months with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees, or with both.

Explanation.-Expressions of disapprobation of the measures of the Government with a view to obtain their alteration by lawful means or of disapprobation of the administrative or other action of the Government, do not constitute an offence under this section unless they cause or are made for the purpose of causing or are likely it cause disaffection.

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1 The words " His Majesty or " omitted by the A.O.1950.

2 Subs. by the A.G.1948, for " British India or British Burma ", The word " or British Burma " were iris. by the A.O.1937.

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Section -4 Saving of acts done by police associations and other persons for certain purpose

Nothing shall be deemed to be an offence under this Act which is done in good faith-

(a) For the purpose of promoting the welfare or interests of any member of a police-force by inducing him to withhold his services in any manner authorised by law; or

(b) By or on behalf of any association formed for the purpose of furthering the interests of members of a police-force as such, where the association has been authorised to recognised by the Government and the act done is done under any rules or articles of the association which have been approved by the Government.

Section -5 Sanction trial of offences by Subordinate Courts

No Court shall proceed to the trial of any offence under this Act except with the previous sanction, or on the complaint, of the District Magistrate or, in the case of a Presidency-town, {The words " or the town of Rangoon " omitted by the A.O.1937.} of the Commissioner of Police.

Section -6 Trial of cases

(1) No Court inferior to that of a Presidency Magistrate or Magistrate of the first class shall try any offence under this Act.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in Chapter XXII of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, (5 of 1898) no offence under this Act shall be triable summarily.

THE SCHEDULE
(See section 2.)

Year     
 No.   
Short title
1859 XXV
Acts of the Governor General in Council.-
1861 V
The Police Act, 1961.
1888 III
The Police Act, 1888.
1892 V
The Bengal Military Police Act, 1892.Madras Act.
1888 III
The Madras City Police Act, 1888.Bombay Acts.
1890
 V
The Bombay District Police Act, 1890.
1902
 V
The City of Bombay Police Act, 1902.





Bengal Acts



1866
 II
The Calcutta Suburban Police Act, 1866.

 IV
The Calcutta Police Act, 1866.
1890
 III
The Calcutta Port Act, 1890.
1920
 II
The Eastern Frontier Rifles (Bengal Rangoon Police Act, 1899 Battalion) Act, 1920.





Assam Act



1920
 I
The Assam Rifles Act, 1920.



Regulation by the Governor General in Council.




1888
 II
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands Military Police Regulation,1888.

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