THE TWO-MEMBER CONSTITUENCIES (ABOLITION) ACT, 1961

Sun Feb 27 2022 | Constitutional | Comments (0)

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Year : 1961

[9th March, 1961.]


An Act to provide for the abolition of two-member parliamentary and assembly constituencies and for the creation of single-member constituencies in their place.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twelfth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

Section -1 Short title

This Act may be called the Two-Member Constituencies (Abolition) Act, 1961.

Section -2 Definition

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

(a) "Commission " means the Election Commission appointed by the President under article 324 of the Constitution ;

(b) "Delimitation Order" means the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1956;

(c) "Sitting member " means a person who, immediately before the date of publication of a notification under clause (c) of section 4 in the Official Gazette of the State concerned, is a member of the House of the People from that State or, as the case may be, of the Legislative Assembly of that State ;

(d) State includes a Union territory

(e) Two-member constituency means a two-member parliamentary constituency specified in the First Schedule or a two-member assembly constituency specified in the Second Schedule, to the Delimitation Order.

Section -3 Division of two member constituencies

The Commission shall, as soon as may be practicable and in the manner herein provided, divide every two-member constituency (other than a two-member assembly constituency in the State of Gujarat) into two single-member constituencies, delimit their extent and decide in which of them the seat shall be reserved for the Scheduled-. castes or, as the case may. be, for the scheduled tribes, having regarded to the following provisions., namely:

(a) All the single member constituencies shall, as far as practicable, be geographically compact areas and in delimiting them regard shall be had to physical features, existing boundaries of administrative units, facilities of communication and public convenience; and

(b) The seat shall be reserved in that single-member constituency which in the opinion of the Commission has the greater concentration of population of the scheduled castes or, as the case may be, of the scheduled tribes.

Explanation
:- In this section- " population" means the population as ascertained at the census held in 1951.4.Manner of division.

Section -4 Manner of Division
 
The Commission shall, as respects each State,-

(a) Formulate its proposals in regard to the matters mentioned in section 3 and publish them in the Gazette of India, in the Official Gazette of the State and in such newspapers in the regional languages of the State as are considered important by the Commission, together with a notice inviting objections and suggestions in relation to the proposals and specifying a date on or after which the proposals will be further considered by it;

(b) After considering all objections and suggestions which may have been received by it before the date so specified, determine the matters referred to in section 3 ; and

(c) Direct, by notification published in the Official Gazette of the State and in the Gazette of India, such amendments to be made in the Delimitation Order as appear to it to be necessary for giving effect to its decisions.

Section -5 Effect of division

As from the date of publication of a notification under clause (c) of section 4 in the Official Gazette of the State concerned,-

(a) Every two-member constituency in the State (other than a two- member assembly constituency in the State of Gujarat) shall cease to exist and, in lieu thereof, there shall come into existence two single-member constituencies (hereinafter referred to as "the corresponding new constituencies") as provided in the amended Delimitation Order;

(b) The sitting member of any two-member constituency in the State elected to fill the reserved seat therein shall be deemed to have been elected to the House of the People or as the case may be, of the scheduled tribes is from that one of the corresponding new constituencies in which the seat has been reserved, and the other sitting member of that two-member constituency shall be deemed to have been elected from the other of the corresponding new constituencies; and

(c) Any casual vacancy existing immediately before the said date in any two-member constituency in the State shall, if it be in the reserved seat, be deemed to be a casual vacancy in that one of the corresponding new constituencies in which the seat has been reserved, and if it be in the other seat, be deemed to be a casual vacancy in the other of the corresponding new constituencies.

Section -6 Special provision for Gujarat; amendment of section 19 of Act 11.of 1960

In section 19 of the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960,-

(a) In sub-section (2), for clause (b), the following clause shall be substituted, namely :-
"
(b) The assembly constituencies into which the State shall be divided, the extent of each of such constituencies and in which of them seats shall be reserved for the scheduled castes or for the scheduled tribes ; and ";(b) for sub-section (3), the following sub-section shall be substituted, namely-

"(3) In determining the matters referred to in clauses (b) and (c) of sub-section (2), the Election Commission hall have regard to the following provisions, namely :-

(a) All the constituencies shall be single-member constituencies;

(b) All the constituencies shall, as far as practicable, be geographically compact areas and in delimiting them regard shall be had to physical features, existing boundaries of administrative units, facilities of communication and public convenience; and

(c) Constituencies in which seats are reserved either for the scheduled castes or for the scheduled tribes shall as far as READ MORE

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