Forgery may be termed as the fraudulent making or alteration of a writing to the prejudice of another man's right. A person commits forgery if he:
- Makes any false document or any part of it,
- With an intent to:
- cause damage or injury to the public or any person,
- support any claim or title,
- cause any person to part with property
- cause any person to enter into express or implied contract,
- commit any fraud or that the fraud may be committed.
Foe Example: B, picks up a cheque on a banker signed by D, payable to bearer, but without any sum having been inserted in the cheque. B, fraudulently fills up the cheque by inserting the sum of ten thousand rupees. B, commits forgery.
- Whoever commits forgery shall be punished with imprisonment, which may extend to two years, or with fine or both.
- Where the forgery is committed with intent to cheat then the punishment shall extend to seven years and will also be liable to fine.
- Where there is fraudulent cancellation or destruction of the will, authority to adopt or valuable security, then the person committing such mischief shall be punished with imprisonment for life, or imprisonment which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine (Sect.477).