The Trade Unions Act, 1926 provides for registration of trade unions with a view to render lawful organisation of labour to enable collective bargaining. It also confers on a registered trade union certain protection and privileges.
The Act extends to the whole of India and applies to all kinds of unions of workers and associations of employers, which aim at regulating labour management relations. A Trade Union is a combination, whether temporary or permanent, formed for regulating the relations not only between workmen and employers but also amongst workmen or between employers and employers.
The objective of the Trade Unions Act of 1926 was to:
The important basic functions of unions listed by the National Commission are:
Many of the workers are members of any one of the trade unions.
There are many reasons of membership, some of which are given below:
The steps involved in the registration of trade union:
(a) The government shall appoint a person to be the registrar of trade unions for each state. The government may appoint as many additional and deputy registrars of trade unions as it thinks fit for the purpose of exercising and discharging under the superintendence and direction of the registrar.
Such powers and functions of the registrar under this Act as it may, by order, specify and define the local limits within which any such additional or deputy registrar shall exercise and discharge the powers and functions so specified.
Any seven or more members of a trade union may, by subscribing their names to the rules of the trade union and by otherwise complying with the provision of this Act with respect to registration, apply for registration of the trade union under this Act.
(ii) Where an application has been made under subsection (i) for the registration of a trade union, such application shall not be deemed to have become invalid merely by reason of the fact that, at any time after the date of the application, but before the registration of the trade union, some of the applicants, but not exceeding half of the total number of persons who made the application, have ceased to be members of the trade union or have given notice in writing to the registrar dissociating themselves from the application.
(i) Every application for registration of a trade union shall be made to the registrar and shall be accompanied by a copy of the rules of the trade union and a statement of the following particulars, namely—
(ii) Where a trade union has been in existence for more than one year before the making of an application for its registration, these shall be delivered to the registrar, together with the application, a general statement of the assets and liabilities of the trade union prepared in such form and containing such particulars as may be prescribed.
A trade union shall not be entitled to registration under this Act, unless the executive thereof is constituted in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
(i) The registrar may call for further information for the purpose of satisfying himself that any application complies with the provisions of Section 5, or that the trade union is entitled to registration under Section 6, and may refuse to register the trade union until such information is supplied.
(ii) If the name under which a trade union is proposed to be registered is identical with that of any other existing trade union that has been registered or, in the opinion of the registrar, so nearly resembles such name as is likely to deceive the public or the members of either trade union, the registrar shall require the persons applying for registration to alter the name of the trade union stated in the application, and shall refuse to register the union until such alteration has been made.
The registrar, on being satisfied that the trade union has complied with all the requirements of the Act in regard to the registration shall register the trade union by entering in a register, to be maintained in such form as may be prescribed, the particulars relating to the trade union contained in the statement accompanying the application for registration.
The registrar, on registering a trade union under section, shall issue a certificate of registration in the prescribed form, which shall be conclusive evidence that the trade union has been duly registered under this Act.
A certificate of registration of a trade union may be withdrawn or cancelled by the registrar on the application of the trade union to be verified in such manner as may be prescribed in if the registrar is satisfied that the certificate has been obtained by fraud or mistake or that the trade union has ceased to exist.
It has to provide not less than two months’ previous notice, in writing, specifying the ground on which it is proposed to withdraw or cancel the certificate and shall be given by the registrar to the trade union before the certificate is withdrawn or cancelled, or otherwise on the application of the trade union.
All communications and notices to a registered trade union may be addressed to its registered office. Notice of any change in the address of the head office shall be given within fourteen days of such change to the registrar in writing, and the changed address shall be recorded in the register referred to in Section-8 of the Companies Act.
Every registered trade union shall be a body corporate by the name under which it is registered and shall have perpetual succession and a common seal with power to acquire and hold both movable and immovable property and to contract, and shall, by the said name, sue and be sued.
The change in the name of a registered trade union shall not affect any rights or obligations of the trade union or render defective any legal proceeding by or against the trade union. An amalgamation of 2 or more registered trade unions shall not prejudice any right of any of such trade unions or any right of a creditor of any of them.
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