Supreme Court Passes 3% Quota Reservations for Disabled in Government jobs

The Supreme Court, in a relief to those from the less fortunate background, provided a 3% quota in government jobs for Persons With Disabilities. The bench mentioned that if a job position is considered to be suitable for Person with Disabilities in the form of capabilities and undertaking responsibilities, then the post will be mandatorily considered under 3% quota. This is a welcome judgement by the Supreme Court, especially for the differently-abled.

Wed Jun 29 2022 | Govt. Agencies and Taxation | Comments (0)

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In a landmark judgment delivered by a Division Bench (DB) Hon’ble Mr. Justice J. Chelameshwar and Hon’ble Mr. Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre of the Supreme Court of India, set  aside two memorandums issued by the government body, the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), calling them as unlawful and illogical with the Persons with Disabilities (PWD) (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.

Under the Indian Law, the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 covers persons suffering with disabilities in the form of low vision, blindness, mental illness, mental retardation, leprosy , locomotor disability and hearing impairment. The Act does not cover people from backward classes.

The petitioners, Shri. Rajeev Kumar Gupta and seven other persons , suffering from disabilities and working as engineers with a government organization Prasar Bharatia, has filed this petition on the ground that they were being discriminated against in the matter of promotion to higher posts in the  organization.  The inability of the government to fill up the vacant Group A and B posts by the persons with disabilities was a blatant violation of the main objective and rationale of the reservation policy as stipulated under the Persons with Disabilities (equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation) Act. The refusal of the DoPT to allow the promotions to the disabled persons in Group A & B positions was a clear violation of Section 33 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995, by citing the Apex courts nine-judge ruling in the Indra Sawhey case, providing that reservation ought to be given at the first stage and not at the time of promotions.

On July 2nd, 2016, Supreme Court of India finally sanctioned and passed the 3% quota job reservation for disabled persons  in all the posts under the Government of India wherein they can readily apply and get promoted to Group A and Group B posts. Earlier, Section 33 of the Person with Disabilities Act, 1995 also mentioned the 3% reservation of job rights for differently-abled  people but did not  implement it for promotions. On 30th June 2016, the bench mentioned that if a job position is considered to be suitable for Person with Disabilities in the form of capabilities and undertaking responsibilities, then the post will be mandatorily considered under 3% quota (for both direct and promotion rights of person with disabilities).

Earlier, the court’s  verdict was argued by the government stating that there cannot be reservation in promotions referring to the Sawhey case in the year 1992. However, Supreme Court stated that people with disabilities cannot be mixed with people from backward classes. Hence, in reference to Article 16 (1) of Constitution of India, it is compulsory to practice equality in government job opportunities. Witnessing a decreasing participation of Person with disabilities, the Supreme Court sanctioned the reservation quota with an objective to integrate and motivate Person with disabilities for economic progress. Moreover, it will add to the personal and professional growth of Person with disabilities as individuals. Although factors like historical neglect, social attitudes, culture, etc.  can be common between Person with disabilities and backward classes, yet they cannot be termed as equal.

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