The Foundations of Constitutional Order


The Armenian People, Recognizing as a basis the fundamental principles of Armenian statehood and the national aspirations engraved in the Declaration of Independence of Armenia, Having fulfilled the sacred message of its freedom-loving ancestors for the restoration of the sovereign state, Committed to the strengthening and prosperity of the fatherland. In order to ensure the freedom, general will being and civic harmony of future generations, Declaring their faithfulness to universal values, Hereby adopts the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia.

Chapter 1 The Foundations of Constitutional Order

Article 1
The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic state, based on social justice and the rule of law.

Article 2
In the Republic of Armenia power lies with the people. The people exercise their power through free elections and referenda, as well as through state and local self-governing bodies and public officials as provided by the Constitution. The usurpation of power by any organization or individual constitutes a crime.

Article 3
The elections of the President, the National Assembly and local self-governing bodies of the Republic of Armenia, as well as referenda, are held based on the right to universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.

Article 4
The state guarantees the protection of human rights and freedoms based on the Constitution and the laws, in accordance with the principles and norms of international law.

Article 5
State power shall be exercised in accordance with the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of the separation of the legislative, executive and judicial powers. State bodies and public officials may execute only such acts as authorized by legislation.

Article 6
The supremacy of the law shall be guaranteed in the Republic of Armenia. The Constitution of the Republic has supreme juridical force, and its norms are applicable directly. Laws found to contradict the Constitution as well as other juridical acts found to contradict the Constitution and the law shall have no legal force. Laws shall take effect only after official publication. Unpublished juridical acts pertaining to human rights, freedoms, and duties shall have no juridical force. International treaties that have been ratified are a constituent part of the legal system of the Republic. If norms are provided in these treaties other than those provided by laws of the Republic, then the norms provided in the treaty shall prevail. International treaties that contradict the Constitution may be ratified after making a corresponding amendment to the Constitution.

Article 7
The multiparty system is recognized in the Republic of Armenia. Parties are formed freely and promote the formulation and expression of the political will of the people. Their activities may not contravene the Constitution and the laws, nor may their structure and practice contravene the principles of democracy. Parties shall ensure the openness of their financial activities.

Article 8
The right to property is recognized and protected in the Republic of Armenia. The owner of property may dispose of, use and manage the property at his or her discretion. The right to property may not be exercised so as to cause damage to the environment or infringe on the rights and lawful interests of other persons, society, or the state. The state shall guarantee the free development and equal legal protection of all forms of property, the freedom of economic activity and free economic competition.

Article 9
The foreign policy of the Republic of Armenia shall be conducted in accordance with the norms of international law, with the aim of establishing good neighborly and mutually beneficial relations with all states.

Article 10
The state shall ensure the protection and reproduction of the environment and the rational utilization of natural resources.

Article 11
Historical and cultural monuments and other cultural values are under the care and protection of the state. Within the framework of principles and norms of international law, the Republic of Armenia shall promote the protection of Armenian historical and cultural values located in other countries, and shall support the development of Armenian educational and cultural life.

Article 12
The state language of the Republic of Armenia is the Armenian.

Article 13
The flag of the Republic of Armenia is tricolor made of three horizontal and equal strips of red, blue, and orange. The coat of arms of the Republic of Armenia depicts, in the center on a shield, Mount Ararat with Noah's ark and the coats of arms of the four kingdoms of historical Armenia. The shield is supported by a lion and an eagle while a sword, a branch, a sheaf, a chain and a ribbon are portrayed under the shield. The national anthem of the Republic of Armenia is the "Our Fatherland." The capital of the Republic of Armenia is Yerevan.