Mechanism for Vote of Confidence
On the insistence of His Majesty, the 77th session of the National Assembly in July 1999 further debated and endorsed the Chathrim (the role and responsibility of the Council of Ministers) and the mechanism for a Vote of Confidence in the King.
Drafting a Written Constitution
Another momentous stride into the future came with a royal decree issued by His Majesty the King in September 2001, which commanded the drafting of a constitution.
The draft of the constitution is currently being prepared by a 39-member Drafting Committee composed of representatives from the monk body, people, judiciary and the Royal Government. It will establish a dynamic system of governance which would uphold the true principles of peopleï¿½s participation.
The Tshogdu (National Assembly) which is the highest legislative body, was established in 1953 by the third King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck. It consists of 150 members; 105 are elected representatives of the people, 10 are from the Clergy and 35 are nominated representatives of the Government. The National Assembly, as a legislative body, is an independent institute which elects the Council of Ministers, approves the annual budget and legislates Acts governing the country and discusses national issues. The peoples representatives are directly elected by the people of their respective constituencies through a consensus or by a secret ballot. The voters have choices: men and women of proven integrity and community services stand for election. The representatives of the clergy are elected by the Dratshang (Central Monastic Body) and the concerned Rabdeys (District Monastic Bodies). The representatives of the Government of the Government are nominated by the King from among senior civil servants. All members serve a term of three years. The Speaker and Deputy Speaker are elected by the National Assembly from among its members. The National Assembly which meets once a year enacts the legislation and advises the government on all matters of national importance. Decisions are passed by a simple majority. A secret ballot is taken on all matters of national importance. Decisions are passed by a simple majority. A secret ballot is taken on all matters of national importance. Any Bhutanese citizen above 25 years can be a candidate for the membership of the National Assembly.
People Participation in Decision Making
The basic purpose of the Constitution is to ensure sovereignty and security of the nation and the well-being of the Bhutanese people for all times to come. The Political system of the country must evolve so that the people would continue to enjoy peace, prosperity, justice, and the fundamental rights which have always been enshrined in the Bhutanese system. His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck, 2001.