Responsibilities of and Relations Between the Institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Entities

Article III Responsibilities of and Relations Between The Institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina And the Entities


Paragraph 1: Responsibilities of the Institutions of Bosnia and
Herzegovina

The following matters are the responsibility of the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina:

1. Foreign policy.

2. Foreign trade policy.

3. Customs policy.

4. Monetary policy as provided in Article VII.

5. Finances of the institutions and for the international obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

6. Immigration, refugee, and asylum policy and regulation.

7. International and inter-Entity criminal law enforcement, including relations with Interpol.

8. Establishment and operation of common and international communications facilities.

9. Regulation of inter-Entity transportation.

10. Air traffic control.

Paragraph 2: Responsibilities of the Entities

1. The Entities shall have the right to establish special parallel relationships with neighboring states consistent with the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

2. Each Entity shall provide all necessary assistance to the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina in order to enable it to honor the international obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, provided that financial obligations incurred by one Entity without the consent of the other prior to the election of the Parliamentary Assembly and Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina shall be the responsibility of that Entity, except insofar as the obligation is necessary for continuing the membership of Bosnia and Herzegovina in an international organization.

3. The Entities shall provide a safe and secure environment for all persons in their respective jurisdictions, by maintaining civilian law enforcement agencies operating in accordance with internationally recognized standards and with respect for the internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms referred to in Article II above, and by taking such other measures as appropriate.

4. Each Entity may also enter into agreements with states and international organizations with the consent of the Parliamentary Assembly. The Parliamentary Assembly may provide by law that certain types of agreements do not require such consent.

Paragraph 3: Law and Responsibilities of the Entities and the Institutions

1. All governmental functions and powers not expressly assigned in this Constitution to the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina shall be those of the Entities.

2. The Entities and any subdivisions thereof shall comply fully with this Constitution, which supersedes inconsistent provisions of the law of Bosnia and Herzegovina and of the constitutions and law of the Entities, and with the decisions of the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The general principles of international law shall be an integral part of the law of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Entities.

Paragraph 4: Coordination

The Presidency may decide to facilitate inter-Entity coordination on matters not within the responsibilities of Bosnia and Herzegovina as provided in this Constitution, unless an Entity objects in any particular case.

Paragraph 5: Additional Responsibilities

1. Bosnia and Herzegovina shall assume responsibility for such other matters as are agreed by the Entities; are provided for in Annexes 5 through 8 to the General Framework Agreement; or are necessary to preserve the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence, and international personality of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in accordance with the division of responsibilities between the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Additional institutions may be established as necessary to carry out such responsibilities.

2. Within six months of the entry into force of this Constitution, the Entities shall begin negotiations with a view to including in the responsibilities of the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina other matters, including utilization of energy resources and cooperative economic projects.