The President of the Republic

Article 55
When the institutions of the Republic, the independence of the nation, the territorial integrity or the execution of international commitments are threatened in a grave and immediate manner and when the regular functioning of the public powers is interrupted, the President of the Republic, after consultation with the Presidents of the Assemblies and the President of the Constitutional Council, may take in the Council of Ministers for a period not exceeding fifteen (15) days, such exceptional measures as are required by the circumstances. This period may only be extended following the affirmation of the two Assemblies. The President of the Republic informs the nation by a message. The Parliament meets of right if it is not in session. These exceptional measures may never justify any negative effects to the rights to life, to moral and physical integrity and to the jurisdictional guarantees granted to individuals.