Concerning Rights,Guarantees and Duties



Article 11

The right to life is inviolable. There will be no death penalty.

Article 12

No one will be subjected to forced imprisonment, nor submitted to torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 13

All individuals are born free and equal before the law and are entitled to equal protection and treatment by the authorities, and to enjoy the same rights, freedoms, and opportunities without discrimination on the basis of gender, race, national or family origin, language, religion, political opinion, or philosophy. The state will promote the conditions necessary in order that equality may be real and effective will adopt measures in favor of groups, which are discriminated against or marginalized. The state will especially protect those individuals who on account of their economic, physical, or mental condition are in obviously vulnerable circumstances and will sanction any abuse or ill treatment perpetrated against them.

Article 14

Every individual has the right to he legally recognized as a person.

Article 15

Every individual has the right to personal and family privacy and to his/her good reputation, and the state will respect them and have these rights and ensure they are respected. Similarly, individuals have the right to know, update, and rectify information gathered about them in data banks and in the records of public and private entities. Freedom and the other guarantees approved in the Constitution will be respected in the gathering, handling, and circulation of data. Correspondence and other forms of private communication are inviolable. They may only be intercepted or recorded pursuant to a court order, following the formalities established by law. For tax or legal purposes and for cases of inspection, supervision, and intervention of the state, the submission of accounting records and other private documents may be required within the limits provided by law.

Article 16

All persons are entitled to their free personal development without limitations other than those imposed by the rights of others and those which are prescribed by the legal system.

Article 17

Slavery, servitude, and the slave trade in all forms are prohibited.

Article 18

Freedom of conscience is guaranteed. No one will be importuned on account of his/her convictions or beliefs or compelled to reveal them or obliged to act against his/her conscience.

Article 19

Freedom of religion is guaranteed. Every individual has the right to freely profess his/her religion and to disseminate it individually or collectively. All religious faiths and churches are equally free before the law.

Article 20

Every individual is guaranteed the freedom to express and diffuse his/her thoughts and opinions, to transmit and receive information that is true and impartial, and to establish mass communications media.

The mass media are free and have a social responsibility. The right of rectification under equitable conditions is guaranteed. There will be no censorship.

Article 21

The right to dignity is guaranteed. The law will provide the manner in which it will be upheld.

Article 22

Peace is a right and a duty whose compliance is mandatory.

Article 23

Every person has the right to present petitions to the authorities for the general or private interest and to secure their prompt resolution. The legislative body may regulate the presentation of petitions to private organizations in order to guarantee fundamental rights.

Article 24

Any Columbian citizen, except for the limitations established by law, has the right to move about freely across the national territory, to enter and exit the country, and to remain and reside in Colombia.

Article 25

Work is a right and a social obligation and in all its forms enjoys the special protection of the state. Every person is entitled to a job under dignified and equitable conditions.

Article 26

Every person is free to choose a profession or occupation. The law may require certificates of competence. The competent authorities will inspect and supervise the exercise of the professions. Occupations, the arts, and work that do not require academic training are to be freely exercised, except for those, which involve a risk to society.

Legally recognized professions may be organized into professional associations. The internal structure and operation of the latter must be democratic. The law may assign public functions to them and establish the appropriate controls.

Article 27

The state guarantees freedom of teaching at the primary and secondary level, training, research and professorship.

Article 28

Every person is free. No one may be importuned in his/her person or family, sent to jail or arrested, nor may his/her home be searched except pursuant to a written order from a competent legal authority, subject to legal process and for reasons previously established by law. A person in preventive detention will be placed at the disposition of a competent judge within the subsequent 36 hours so that the latter may make an appropriate determination within the limits established by law.

In no case may there be detention, a prison term, arrest for debts nor application of sanctions or security measures that are not subject to limitations of time.

Article 29

Due process will apply to all legal and administrative measures. No one may be judged except in accordance with the relevant previously written laws before a competent judge or tribunal following all appropriate formalities in each trial.

In penal cases, a permissive or favorable law, even when ex post facto, will be applied in preference to restrictive or unfavorable alternatives. Every person is presumed innocent until proven guilty according to the law. Everyone criminally charged is entitled to a defense and the assistance of counsel chosen by the accused or assigned during the investigation and trial; to a fair and public hearing without undue delay; to present evidence and to examine witnesses for the prosecution; to challenge the conviction; and not to be subject to double jeopardy for the same act. Evidence obtained in violation of due process is null and void as of right.

Article 30

Whoever is deprived of his/her freedom and believes it to be unlawful is entitled to invoke habeas corpus before any judicial authority, at any time, on his/her own or through a third party, and that judicial authority must decide within 36 hours the lawfulness of the detention.

Article 31

Any lawful conviction may be appealed or reviewed, but for exceptions provided by law. When the accused is the sole appellant, the higher court may not impose a heavier penalty.

Article 32

The criminal who is caught in flagrant delicto may be apprehended and taken before a judge by any individual. Should he/she be pursued by the agents of law and order and take refuge in his/her own home, the law enforcement agents may enter the domicile to apprehend the criminal. Should he/she be caught in somebody Else's home, a request to the resident will have to be made before entering.

Article 33

No one may be forced to testify against himself/herself or his/her spouse, permanent companion, or kin to the fourth level of consanguinity, affinity two ranks removed, or one rank removed in civil law.

Article 34

Deportation, life imprisonment, or confiscation of property are prohibited. However, a judicial sentence may nullify ownership of property acquired by unjust enrichment, when it is injurious to the public treasury or seriously harmful to social morality.

Article 35

Native-born Colombians may not be extradited. Aliens will not be extradited for political crimes or for their opinions. Colombians who have committed crimes abroad, considered as such under national legislation, will be tried and sentenced in Colombia.

Article 36

The right of asylum is recognized within the limits provided by law.

Article 37

Any group of individuals may gather and demonstrate publicly and peacefully. The law alone may establish in specific manner those cases in which the exercise of this right may be limited.

Article 38

The right of free association for the promotion of various activities that individuals pursue in society is guaranteed.

Article 39

Workers and employers have the right to form trade unions or associations without interference by the state. Their legal status will be recognized by the simple registration of their constituent act. The internal structure and functioning of the trade unions and social or labor organizations will be subject to the legal order and to democratic principles. The cancellation or suspension of legal status may only occur through legal means. Jurisdiction and other guarantees necessary for the performance of their functions is recognized to trade union representatives. Members of the public force (national police and armed forces) do not have the right to form associations.

Article 40

Any citizen has the right to participate in the establishment, exercise, and control of political power. To make this decree effective the citizen may:
  1. Vote and be elected.
  2. Participate in elections, plebiscites, referendums, popular consultations, and other forms of democratic participation.
  3. Constitute parties, political movements, or groups without any limit whatsoever; freely participate in them and diffuse their ideas and programs.
  4. Revoke the mandate of those elected in cases where it applies and in the form provided by the Constitution and the law.
  5. Act in public bodies.
  6. File public actions in defense of the Constitution and the law.
  7. Hold public office, except for those Colombian citizens, native-born or naturalized, who hold dual citizenship. The law will regulate this exception and will determine the cases where it applies. The authorities will guarantee the adequate and effective participation of women in the decision making ranks of the public administration.
Article 41

In all educational institutions, public or private, the study of the Constitution and civics will be mandatory. In this way, democratic practices will be promoted through the teaching of principles and the value of the citizens' participation will be promoted. The state will publicize the Constitution.


Article 42

The family is the basic nucleus of society. It is formed on the basis of natural or legal ties, by the free decision of a man and woman to contract matrimony or by their responsible resolve to comply with it. The state and society guarantee the integral protection of the family. The law may determine the inalienable and unsuitable family patrimony. The family's honor, dignity, and intimacy are inviolable. Family relations are based on the equality of rights and duties of the couple and on the mutual respect of all its members. Any form of violence in the family is considered destructive of its harmony and unity, and will be sanctioned according to law. The children born of a matrimony or outside it, adopted or conceived naturally or with scientific assistance, have equal rights and duties. The law will regulate responsibility to the offspring. The couple has the right to decide freely and responsibly the number of their children and will have to support them and educate them while they are minors or non-self-supporting.

The forms of marriage, the age and qualifications to contract it, the duties and rights of the spouses, their separation and the dissolution of the marriage ties are determined by civil law. Religious marriages will have civil effects within the limits established by law The civil effects of all marriages may be determined by divorce in accordance with civil law.

Also, decrees of annulment of religious marriages issued by the authorities of the respective faiths shall have civil effects within the limits established by law. The law will determine matters relating to the civil status of individuals and the consequent rights and duties.

Article 43

Women and men have equal rights and opportunities. Women cannot be subjected to any type of discrimination. During their periods of pregnancy and following delivery, women will benefit from the special assistance and protection of the state and will receive from the latter food subsidies if they should thereafter find themselves unemployed or abandoned. The state will support the female head of household in a special way.

Article 44

The following are basic rights of children life, physical integrity, health and social security, a balanced diet, their name and citizenship, to have a family and not be separated from it, care and love, instruction and culture, recreation, and the free expression of their opinions. They will be protected against all forms of abandonment, physical or moral violence, imprisonment, sale, sexual abuse, work or economic exploitation, and dangerous work.

 They will also enjoy other rights upheld in the Constitution, the laws, and international treaties ratified by Colombia. The family, society, and the state have the obligation to assist and protect children in order to guarantee their harmonious and complete development and the full exercise of their rights. Any person may request the Competent authority to enforce these rights and to sanction those who violate them. The rights of children have priority over the rights of others.

Article 45

The adolescent is entitled to protection and integral development. The state and society guarantee the active participation of adolescents in public and private organizations that are responsible for the protection, education, and progress of youth.

Article 46

The state, the society, and the family will all participate in protecting and assisting senior citizens and will promote their integration into active and community life. The state will guarantee them services of social security and food subsidies in cases of indigence.

Article 47

The state will promote a policy of planning, rehabilitation, and social integration for those who are physically, emotionally, or psychologically handicapped and will provide the specialized attention that they need.

Article 48

Social Security is a mandatory public service, which will be delivered under the administration, coordination, and control of the state, subject to the principles of efficiency, universality, and cooperation within the limits established by law. All the population is guaranteed the irrevocable right to Social Security. With the participation of individuals, the state will gradually extend the coverage of Social Security to include the provision of services in the form determined by law . Social Security may be provided by public or private entities, in accordance with the law. It will not be possible to assign or use the resources of the Social Security institutions for other purposes. The law will define the means whereby the resources assigned to retirement benefits may retain their constant purchasing power.

Article 49

Public health and environmental protection are public services for which the state is responsible. All individuals are guaranteed access to services that promote, protect, and rehabilitate public health. It is the responsibility of the state to organize, direct, and regulate the delivery of health services and of environmental protection to the population in accordance with the principles of efficiency, universality, and cooperation, and to establish policies for the provision of health services by private entities and to exercise supervision and control over them.

In the area of public health, the state will establish the jurisdiction of the nation, territorial entities, and individuals, and determine the shares of their responsibilities within the limits and under the conditions determined by law.

Public health services will be organized in a decentralized manner, in accordance with levels of responsibility and with the participation of the community. The law will determine the limits within which basic care for all the people will be free of charge and mandatory. Every person has the obligation to attend to the integral care of his/her health and that of his/her community.

Article 50

Any child under a year old who may not be covered by any type of protection or social security will be entitled to receive free care in all health institutions that receive state subsidies. The law will regulate the matter.

Article 51

All Colombian citizens are entitled to live in dignity. The state will determine the conditions necessary to give effect to this right and will promote plans for public housing, appropriate systems of long-term financing, and community plans for the execution of these housing programs.

Article 52

The fight of all individuals to recreation, sports, and leisure time is recognized. The state will promote these activities and will inspect sports organizations, whose structure and attributions should be democratic.

Article 53

The Congress will issue a labor statute. The appropriate law will take into account at least the following minimal fundamental principles:
  1. Equality of opportunity for workers;
  2. minimum basic remuneration, flexible and proportional to the amount and quality of work;
  3. stability in employment; irrevocably of minimum benefits established in labor regulations; provision of a means to arbitrate conflicting rights;
  4. a situation more favorable to the worker in case of doubt in the application and interpretation of the formal bases of the law;
  5. the primacy of facts over established formalities in issues of labor relations;
  6. guarantees of social security, training, instruction, and adequate rest time, special protection of women, mothers, and minor-age workers.
The state guarantees the right of appropriate payment and the periodic adjustment of legal retirement benefits. International labor agreements duly ratified part of domestic legislation.

The law, contracts, agreements, and labor settlements may not infringe on the freedom, human dignity, or rights of workers.

Article 54

It is the obligation of the state and employers to offer training and professional and technical skills to whoever needs them. The state must promote the employment of individuals of working age and guarantee to the handicapped the right to employment appropriate to their physical condition.

Article 55

The right of collective bargaining to regulate labor relations, with the exceptions provided by law, is guaranteed. It is the duty of the state to promote negotiation and other measures necessary for the peaceful resolution of collective labor conflicts.

Article 56

The right to strike is guaranteed, except in the case of essential public services defined by the legislature. The law will regulate this right.

A permanent commission composed of the government, the representatives of employers and of workers, will promote sound labor relations, contribute to the settlement of collective labor disputes, and coordinate wage and labor policies. The law will regulate its membership and functioning.

Article 57

The law may establish incentives and means so that workers may participate in the management of enterprises.

Article 58

Private property and the other rights acquired in accordance with civil laws may not be ignored or infringed upon by subsequent laws. When, in the application of a law passed on account of public necessity or social interest and recognized as essential, a conflict should occur about the rights of individuals, the private interest will yield to the public or social interest.

Property is a social function that implies obligations. As such, an ecological function is inherent to it. The state will protect and promote associational and collective forms of property. Due to public necessity or social interest as defined by the legislator, expropriation will be possible pursuant to a judicial determination and prior indemnification. The latter will be determined in consultation with the interests of the community and of the affected party. In cases determined by the legislator, such expropriation may occur by administrative means, subject to a subsequent administrative legal challenge, including with respect to price.

In any case, the legislator, for reasons of equity, may make a determination that there are no grounds for indemnification through an affirmative vote of the absolute majority of the members of both chambers. Reasons of equity, as well as motives of public necessity or social interest invoked by the legislative body, will not be subject to judicial scrutiny.

Article 59

In case of war and exclusively to meet its requirements, the need for expropriation may be decreed by the national government without prior indemnification. In the above case, immovable property alone may be occupied temporarily to meet the requirements of war or to assign facilities to it. The state will always be responsible for expropriations effected by the government on its own or through its agents.

Article 60

The state will promote access to property in accordance with the law. When the state sells its interest in an enterprise, it will take measures to promote the democratization of the ownership of its shares and will offer its workers and the workers' organizations special terms to make it possible for them to accede to the said proprietary shares. The law will regulate the matter.

Article 61

The state will protect intellectual property for the relevant period using the means established by law.

Article 62

The fate of intervocalic or testamentary donations, effected according to the law for social purposes, may not be altered or modified by the legislative body, unless the purpose of the donation should no longer be applicable. In this case, the law will assign the property in question to a similar purpose. The government will oversee the management and investment of such donations.

Article 63

Property in public use, natural parks, communal lands of ethnic groups, security zones, the archaeological resources of the nation, and other property determined by law are inalienable, imprescriptible, and unsuitable.

Article 64

It is the duty of the state to promote the gradual access of agricultural workers to landed property in individual or associational form and to services involving education, health, housing, social security, recreation, credit, communications, the marketing of products, technical and management assistance with the purpose of improving the incomes and quality of life of the peasants.

Article 65

The production of food crops will benefit from the special protection of the state. For that purpose, priority will be given to the integrated development of agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing, forestry, and agro-industrial activities as well as to the building of physical infrastructural projects and to land improvement. Similarly, the state will promote research and the transfer of technology relating to the production of food crops and primary resources of agricultural origin in order to increase productivity.

Article 66

The provisions enacted in the field of private or public credit may regulate the special conditions of agricultural credit, taking into account the cycles of harvests and prices as well as the risks inherent in farming activities and environmental disasters.

Article 67

Education is an individual right and a public service that has a social function. Through education individuals seek access to knowledge, science, technology, and the other benefits and values of culture.

The Colombian citizen will be educated in the respect for human rights, peace, and democracy, and in the use of work and recreation for cultural, scientific, and technological improvement and for the protection of the environment.

The state, society, and the family are responsible for education, which will be mandatory between the ages of five and 15 years and which will minimally include one year of preschool instruction and nine years of basic instruction. Education will be free of charge in the state institutions, without prejudice to those who can afford to defray the costs.

It is the responsibility of the state to perform the final inspection and supervision of education in order to control its quality, to ensure it fulfills its purposes, and for the improved moral, intellectual, and physical training of those being educated; to guarantee an adequate supply of the service, and to guarantee to minors the conditions necessary for their access to and retention in. the educational system.

The nation and the territorial entities will participate in the management, financing, and administration of the state educational services within the limits provided in the Constitution and the law.

Article 68

Individuals may create educational institutions. The law will establish the conditions for their creation and management.
The educational community will participate in the management of the educational institutions.

Education will be in the care of individuals of recognized ethical and pedagogical principles. The law guarantees the professionalism and dignity of the teaching profession.

Parents will have the right to select the type of education for their minor children. In state institutions, no person may be obliged to receive religious instruction. The members of ethnic groups will have the right to training that respects and develops their cultural identity.

The eradication of illiteracy and the education of individuals with physical or mental deficiencies or with exceptional capabilities are special obligations of the state.

Article 69

The autonomy of universities is guaranteed. The universities will be able to administer and govern themselves through their own bylaws, in accordance with the law. The law will establish a special regime for state universities.

The state will facilitate scientific research in the public and private universities and will offer special conditions for their development.
The state will assist those financial arrangements that make possible the access of all individuals qualified for advanced education.


The state has the obligation to promote and foster the equal access of all Colombians to their culture by means of permanent education and scientific, technical, artistic, and professional instruction at all stages in the process of creating the national identity. Culture in its diverse manifestations is the basis of nationality.

 The state recognizes the equality and dignity of all those who live together in the country. The state will promote research, science, development, and the diffusion of the nation's cultural values.

Article 71

Freedom in the search for knowledge and artistic expression is recognized. Plans of economic and social development will include the promotion of the sciences and of culture in general. The state will create incentives for individuals and institutions which develop and foster science and technology and other cultural manifestations and will offer special incentives to individuals and institutions which pursue these activities.

Article 72

The nation's cultural heritage is under the protection of the state.

The nation's archaeological heritage and other cultural resources that shape the national identity belong to the nation and are inalienable, unrealizable, and prescriptivism.

The law will establish the mechanisms to restore control over those that are in the hands of individuals and will regulate the special rights that ethnic groups may enjoy when they occupy territories of archaeological wealth.

Article 73

Journalism will enjoy such protection as necessary to guarantee its freedom and professional independence.

Article 74

Every person has a right to access to public documents except in cases established by law.
Professional secrets are inviolable.

Article 75

The electromagnetic spectrum is an inalienable and imprescriptible public resource subject to the management and control of the state. Equality of opportunity is guaranteed in the access to its use within the limits determined by law. To guarantee genuine pluralism and competence, the legislature will dictate the modalities of state intervention to avoid monopolistic practices in the use of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Article 76

State intervention in the electromagnetic spectrum used by the television services will be under the control of a public agency with a legal and administrative identity, ownership rights and technical autonomy, subject to its own legal regime. This agency will develop and execute the state's plans and programs in the services referred to in the previous clause.

Article 77

The aforementioned agency will be responsible for the development of the policy regarding the use of television, as determined by the law, however without diminishing the freedoms guaranteed in the Constitution Television will be regulated by an autonomous entity at the national level, subject to its own legal regime.

The management and operation of the entity will be the responsibility of an executive board, which will appoint its director.

 The members of the executive board will serve for a fixed period.

The national government will appoint two of the Board members. Another member will be designated by the regional television stations.

The law will stipulate how the other members of the board are to be appointed. A law will regulate the organization and operation of the entity.


Article 78

The law will regulate the control of the quality of goods and services offered and provided to the community as well as the information that must be made available to the public in their marketing. Those who in the production and marketing of goods and services may jeopardize the health, safety, and adequate supply to consumers and users will be held liable in accordance with the law.

The state will guarantee the participation of the consumer organizations in the study of the provisions that concern them. In order to enjoy this right the organizations must be of a representative nature and observe internal democratic procedures.

Article 79

Every person has the right to enjoy a healthy environment. The law will guarantee the community's participation in the decisions that may affect it.

It is the duty of the state to protect the diversity and integrity of the environment, to conserve areas of special ecological importance, and to foster education for the achievement of these ends.

Article 80

The state will plan the handling and use of natural resources in order to guarantee their sustainable development, conservation or replacement.

Additionally, it will have to prevent and control the factors of environmental deterioration, impose legal sanctions, and demand the repair of any damage caused. In the same way, it will cooperate with other nations in the protection of the ecosystems located in the border areas.

Article 81

The manufacture, importation, possession, and use of chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons are prohibited as is the introduction into the national territory of nuclear and toxic wastes.
The state will regulate the importation and exportation of genetic resources and their use, in accordance with the national interest.

Article 82

It is the duty of the state to protect the integrity of public space and its assignment to common use, which has priority over the individual interest.

Public entities will participate in the profits generated by their urban planning activities and will regulate the use of the soil and the urban air space in order to protect the common interest.


Article 83

The activities of individuals and public authorities must conform to the postulates of good faith, which will he presumed in all dealings that the former engage in with the latter.

Article 84

When a right or an activity has been regulated in a general way, the public authorities may not establish or demand permits, licenses, or impose additional conditions for its exercise.

Article 85

The rights mentioned in Articles 11, 12,13, 14,15, 16,17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 37 and 40 are applicable immediately.

Article 86

Every person has the right to file a writ of protection before a judge, at any time or place, through a preferential and summary proceeding, for himself/herself or by whomever acts in his/her name for the immediate protection of his/her fundamental constitutional rights when that person fears the latter may be violated by the action or omission of any public authority.

The protection will consist of all order issued by a judge enjoining others to act or refrain from acting. The order, which must be complied with immediately, may be challenged before a superior court judge, and in any case the latter may send it to the Constitutional Court for possible revision. This action will be available only when the affected party does not dispose of another means of judicial defense, except when it is used as a temporary device to avoid irreversible harm. In no case can more than 10 days elapse between filing the writ of protection and its resolution.

The law will establish the cases in which the writ of protection may be filed against private individuals entrusted with providing a public service or whose conduct may affect seriously and directly the collective interest or in respect of whom the applicant may find himself/herself in a state of subordination or vulnerability.

Article 87

Any person may appear before the legal authority to demand the application of a law or fulfillment of an administrative act. In case of a successful action, the sentence will order the DELINQUENT authority to perform its mandated duty.

Article 88

The law will regulate popular actions for the protection of collective rights and interests related to the homeland, space, public safety and health, administrative morality, the environment, free economic competition, and others of a similar nature.

It will also regulate the actions arising out of harm caused to a large number of individuals, without barring appropriate individual action. In the some way, it will define cases of CIVIL LIABILITY for damage caused to collective rights and interests.

Article 89

In addition to what is mentioned in the previous articles, the law will determine the other resources, actions, and procedures necessary so that the individual rights of groups or collectivities may be legally protected against deeds of commission or omission by the public authorities.

Article 90

The state will answer materially for any type of damages that can be attributed to an illegal action, or caused by deeds of commission or omission by the public authorities. In the event that the state is ordered to compensate damage which may have been the consequence of the fraudulent or seriously criminal behavior of one of its agents, the former will have to claim restitution from the latter.

Article 91

In the case of a manifest infraction of a constitutional precept to the disadvantage of any person, an order from a superior does not absolve the executing agent from responsibility.
The military in the service are exempted from this provision. As far as they are concerned, responsibility will fall exclusively on the superior officer who gives the order.

Article 92

Every person or legal entity may solicit from the competent authority the application of penal or disciplinary sanctions by reason of the behavior of the public authorities.

Article 93

International treaties and agreements ratified by the Congress that recognize human rights and that prohibit their limitation in states of emergency have priority domestically.

The rights and duties mentioned in this Charter will be interpreted in accordance with international treaties on human rights ratified by Colombia.

Article 94

The enunciation of the rights and guarantees contained in the Constitution and in international agreements in effect should not be understood as a negation of others which, being inherent to the human being, are not expressly mentioned in them.


Article 95

To be Colombian is an honor for every member of the national community of Colombia. Everyone has the duty to respect and dignify this honor. The exercise of liberties and rights recognized in this Constitution implies responsibilities. Every person has the duty to respect and obey the Constitution and the laws. The following are duties of each person and each citizen:
  1. To respect others' rights and not abuse one's own.
  2. To strive in accordance with the principle of social solidarity, to respond with humanitarian actions when faced with situations that endanger the life or health of individuals.
  3. To respect and support the legitimately constituted democratic authorities in their efforts to maintain national independence and integrity.
  4. To defend and foster human rights as a basis of peaceful coexistence.
  5. To participate in the country's political, civic, and community life.
  6. To strive toward the achievement and maintenance of peace.
  7. To cooperate for the sound operation of the administration of justice.
  8. To protect the country's cultural and natural resources and watch over the conservation of a healthy environment.
  9. To contribute to the financing of state expenditures and investments in accordance with the principles of justice and equity.