Concerning the Legislative Branch



Article 132

Senators and Representatives will be elected for a term of four years beginning on July 20 following the election.

Article 133

Members of collective bodies directly elected represent the people and will act in a manner consonant with justice and the common good. The elected official is responsible before society and is his/her voters for the execution of the obligations of his/her investiture.

Article 134

Vacancies due to an absolute deficiency of congressmen will be made up by non elected candidates, according to the order of registration on the corresponding list.

Article 135

Each chamber will have the following powers
  1. To elect its executive committees.
  2. To elect its Secretary General for periods of two years starting from July 20. The Secretary General will have the same qualifications as those required to be a member of the respective chamber.
  3. To solicit from the government the information that the chamber may need, except for what is provided in paragraph No. 2 of the article that follows.
  4. To determine the holding of sessions reserved on a priority basis in order to deal with oral questions by the congressmen addressed to the ministries and the answers of the latter. By-laws will establish the modalities of these sessions.
  5. To fill the positions established by law for the execution of its functions.
  6. To strive to obtain from the government the cooperation of the organs of the public administration for the best execution of its responsibilities.
  7. To organize its internal police force.
  8. To summon the ministers to attend the sessions. The summons will be made not less than five days prior to a session and will take the form of a written notice. In the case that the ministers do not attend, without an excuse accepted by the respective chamber, the latter may propose a motion of non-confidence.
  9. The ministers will he heard at the session for which they were summoned, without barring the discussion from continuing at subsequent sessions, following a decision of the respective chamber. The discussion may not extend to items outside the notice and will head the session's agenda.
  10. To propose a motion of non-confidence with respect to ministers for matters related to functions that pertain to their responsibility. If proposed, the motion of non-confidence must be moved by at least one-tenth of the members who make up the respective chamber.

The vote will be taken between the third and 10th day following the termination of the discussion, in plenary session, with the respective ministers attending. Approval of the motion will require an absolute majority of the members of each house. Once the motion is approved, the minister is relieved of his position. If it is voted down, no other motion of non-confidence may be proposed concerning the same issue unless new facts justify it.

Article 136

The Congress and each of its chambers are barred from doing the following:
  1. Intervening by means of resolutions or laws in matters that fall under the exclusive jurisdiction of other authorities.
  2. Demanding from the government information regarding instructions in diplomatic matters or negotiations of a classified nature.
  3. Taking votes of approval on official acts.
  4. Decreeing on behalf of individuals or entities contributions, bonuses, subsidies, indemnifications, pensions, or other levies that are not made to satisfy credits or recognized claims in accordance with prior law. Decreeing proscriptive or persecutor y measures against individuals or legal entities.
  5. Authorizing trips abroad with funds from the public treasury, except for special missions approved by at least three-quarters of the membership of the respective chamber.
Article 137

Any permanent committee may summon any person or legal entity so that the latter may provide at a special session oral or written statements that may be required under oath on matters directly related to the investigations pursued by the committee. If anyone summoned should give an excuse for not attending and should the committee insist in summoning that person, the issue must be definitively resolved by the Constitutional Court within 10 days. The reluctance of those summoned to appear or to make the required statements will be sanctioned by the committee in accordance with the penalty provided by the regulations for cases of contempt of the authorities. If in the course of the investigation there should be required for its conclusion, or for the prosecution of possible criminal infractions, the assistance of other authorities, the latter will be requested to intervene accordingly.


Article 138

As of right, the Congress will meet in ordinary sessions during two periods a year, which will constitute one legislative term.

The first period of sessions will begin on july 20 and conclude on December 16 while the second session will begin on March 16 and conclude on June 20. If for any reason no meetings are possible on the dates indicated, they will be convened as soon as possible within the respective periods.

The Congress will also meet in special sessions by convocation of the government and for the period that the latter stipulates. During these special sessions, the Congress will be entitled to discuss only the issues submitted by the government for its consideration, without prejudice to the function of political control vested in it and which it may exercise at all times.

Article 139

The sessions of Congress may be convened and adjourned jointly and publicly by the President of the Republic, without such ceremony being essential for the Congress to exercise its functions legally.

Article 140

The Congress will have its seat in the capital of the Republic. By mutual agreement. the chambers may transfer their seat to some other location and, in case of disruption of the public order, they may meet at a site designated by the President of the Senate.

Article 141

The Congress will meet as a single body solely for the convocation and adjourning of its sessions, to install the President of the Republic, to receive heads of state or government of other countries, or to elect the Comptroller General of the Republic and the Vice President, should it be necessary to replace the elected official and decide on a vote of non-confidence in accordance with Article 135. In such cases the Presidents of the Senate and of the Chamber of Representatives will be the President and Vice President of the Congress, respectively.

Article 142

Each chamber will elect, for the respective constitutional period, permanent committees that will effect the first reading of proposed legislative bills.

The law will determine the number of permanent committees mid the number of members as well as the subject areas in which each of them will engage.

When the permanent constitutional committees hold joint sessions, the decisive quorum will be that required for each of the committees considered individually.

Article 143

The Senate of the Republic and the Chamber of Representatives may decide that any of the permanent committees should hold meetings issues pending from the previous period, during the recess in order to debate the issues pending from the previous period, to undertake studies that the respective body may determine, and to prepare bills with which the chambers may entrust them.

Article 144

The sessions of the chambers and their permanent committees will be public, within the limits determined by their bylaws.

Article 145

The Congress as a whole, the chambers or their committees may not open sessions or deliberate with fewer than a quarter of their membership present. Decisions may only be made by the majority of members of the respective body, unless the Constitution determines a different quorum.

Article 146

In the Congress as a whole, in the chambers and in their permanent committees, decisions will be made by the majority of votes of those attending, unless the Constitution expressly determines a special majority.

Article 147

The executive committees of the chambers and of their permanent committees will be replaced each year for the legislative session beginning on July 20, and none of its members may be reelected within the same constitutional four-year period.

Article 148

The provisions regarding the quorum and decisive majorities will also apply to the other popularly elected public bodies.

Article 149

Any meeting of members of Congress which, with, the purpose of exercising the functions proper to the legislative branch of government, is held outside the constitutional prescriptions, will be invalid. Any decisions it may take will have no effect whatsoever, and whoever participates in such deliberations will be sanctioned according to the law.


Article 150

It is the responsibility of Congress to enact laws. Through them its exercises the following functions
  1. Interpreting, amending, and repealing laws.
  2. Issuing codes in all areas of legislation and amending their provisions.
  3. Approving the national development plan and public investments that must be undertaken or continued, with the determination of resources and appropriations authorized for their execution and the measures necessary to promote their implementation.
  4. Defining the general division of the territory in accordance with what is prescribed in the Constitution, setting the bases and conditions to create, eliminate, modify, or merge territorial entities and determining their jurisdictions.
  5. Granting special powers to the departmental assemblies.
  6. Moving the present seat of the higher national authorities under extraordinary circumstances and for grave reasons of public convenience.
  7. Determining the structure of the national administration and creating, eliminating, or merging ministries, administrative departments, superintendence, public establishments, and other national entities, stipulating their goals and organic structure; regulating the creation and functioning of the Regional Autonomous Bodies within a regime of autonomy; similarly, creating or authorizing the bylaws of industrial and commercial enterprises of the state and joint (private-public) companies.
  8. Issuing the regulations to which the government will he subjected for the exercise of its functions of inspection and supervision as established in the Constitution.
  9. Granting authorization to the government to enter into contracts, to negotiate loans, and to sell national resources. The government will periodically make reports to the Congress on the exercise of these activities.
  10. Vesting for a period of up to six months, in the President of the Republic, specific extraordinary powers to issue decrees with the force of law when public necessity or convenience advises it. Such powers must be requested expressly by the government and their approval requires the vote of an absolute majority of the membership of both chambers. At all times and on its own initiative, the Congress may amend the decrees issued by the government while using its extraordinary powers. These powers may not be conferred to issue codes, statutes, organic laws, those prescribed in paragraph No. 20 of the present article, nor to levy taxes.
  11. Establishing national revenues and determining the expenditures of administration.
  12. Establishing fiscal contributions and, exceptionally, Para fiscal contributions in cases and under the conditions established by law.
  13. Determining the legal tender, convertibility, and the scope of exemptions, and determining the system of weights and measurements.
  14. Approving or disapproving contracts or agreements which, for reasons of evident national necessity, the President of the Republic may have entered into with individuals, companies, or public entities without prior authorization.
  15. Decreeing honors to citizens who have rendered services to the nation.
  16. Approving or disapproving treaties which the government makes with other states or international organizations. By means of said treaties, the state, on the basis of equality, reciprocity, and national convenience, may transfer specific powers to international organizations whose object it is to promote or consolidate economic integration with other states.
  17. Granting by a two-thirds majority of the votes of the members of one or the other chamber and for serious reasons of public convenience, amnesties or general commutations of sentences for political crimes. In the case that those favored may be exempted from civil responsibility regarding third parties, the state will be obliged to make the appropriate compensation.
  18. Dictating the regulations regarding the appropriation or adjudication and recovery of uncultivated land.
  19. Dictating general regulations and stipulating in them the goals and criteria to which the government must be subjected for the following purposes:
    • a. Organizing public credit;
    • b. Regulating foreign trade and determining the international exchange schedule, in accordance with the functions which the Constitution assigns to the board of directors of the Bank of the Republic;
    • c. Modifying, for reasons of commercial policy, tariffs, duties, and other provisions related to customs regulations;
    • d. Regulating financial activities, the stock exchange, insurance, and any other activities connected with the management, use, and investment of resources involving the public;
    • e. Determining the wage level and social benefits of public servants, members of the National Congress and of the police forces and the army;
    • f. Regulating the minimum social benefits of official workers. The powers relating to social benefits may not be delegated to public territorial entities nor may these offices appropriate such powers.
  20. Creating the administrative and technical services of the chambers.
  21. Issuing the laws of economic assistance provided for in Article 334, which must specify their purposes, ranges and limits to economic freedom.
  22. Issuing the laws connected with the Bank of the Republic and with the functions that its board of directors must perform.
  23. Issuing the laws that regulate the exercise of the public functions and the provision of public services.
  24. Regulating industrial property, patents and trademarks, and other forms of intellectual property.
  25. Streamlining and making uniform the regulations concerning traffic police in the entire territory of the Republic.
It is the responsibility of Congress to establish general rules for the contracting with the public administration and especially with the national administration.

Article 151

The Congress will issue organic laws regulating the exercise of legislative activity.

They will establish the bylaws of Congress and of each chamber, regulations concerning the preparation, approval, and execution of the Budgetary Revenues and Appropriations Law, the execution of the general development plan and the regulations relative to the assignment of regulatory responsibilities to the territorial entities.

The organic laws will require, for their approval, an absolute majority of the votes of the members of both chambers.

Article 152

By means of statutory laws, the Congress of the Republic will regulate the following subject areas:
  1. Fundamental rights and duties of individuals and the procedures and actions for their protection;
  2. Administration of justice;
  3. Organization and regulations of parties and political movements; the guarantees of the opposition and the electoral functions;
  4. Institutions and machinery of citizens' participation;
  5. States of exception.

Article 153

The approval, amendment, or repeal of the statutory laws requires an absolute majority of the votes of the members of Congress and must be completed within a single legislative term. Such procedure will include the prior review by the Constitutional Court to of the viability of the proposal. Any citizen may intervene to defend it or to oppose it.

Article 154

Laws may originate in either of the chambers by the proposal of their respective members, the national government, the entities stipulated in Article 156, or through popular initiative in the cases provided by the Constitution.

However, the government may dictate or amend only those laws covered by Nos. 3, 7, 9, 11, and 22 and by subparagraphs (a), (b), and (e) of paragraph No. 19 of Article 150; those which decree contributions to national revenues or transfers of same; those which authorize contributions or grants by the state to industrial or commercial enterprises; and those which decree exemptions from taxes, contributions, or national levies.

The chambers may introduce amendments to the bills presented by the government. Legislative bills concerning taxes will be initiated in the Chamber of Representatives while those involving international relations will be initiated in the Senate.

Article 155

Legislative bills or those involving constitutional amendments may be introduced by a number of citizens equal to or greater than five percent of the existing electoral rolls on the relevant date or by 30 percent of the councilors or deputies of the country. The popular initiative will be executed by the Congress, in accordance with the provisions in Article 163 with respect to bills that have been the subject of a declaration of urgency.

The proposing citizens will have the right to designate a spokesman who will be heard by the chambers at all stages of the proceedings.

Article 156

The Constitutional Court, the Superior Council of the Judicature, the Supreme Court of Justice, the Council of State, the National Electoral Council, the National Attorney General, and the Comptroller General of the Republic have the right to introduce bills in subject areas related to their functions.

Article 157

No bill will become law without meeting the following requirements:
  1. Being published officially by the Congress before being sent to the respective committee.
  2. Being approved at the first reading in the appropriate permanent committee of each chamber. The bylaws of the Congress will determine the cases in which the first reading will be held in joint session of the permanent committees of both chambers.
  3. Being approved in each chamber at the second reading.
  4. Securing the approval of the government.

Article 158

Every legislative bill will have to refer to a single issue and any provisions or amendments not germane to it will be inadmissible.

The chairman of the appropriate committee will reject the initiatives that are not in harmony with this principle, though his/her decisions will be subject to appeal before the same committee. The law which has been the subject of partial modification will be published as a single text incorporating the approved amendments.

Article 159

The legislative bill that may have been rejected at the initial reading may be considered by the respective chamber at the request of its author, a member of the chamber, the government, or the spokesman of its proponents in the case of a popular initiative.

Article 160

Between the first and second readings, a period of no less than eight days must have elapsed, and between the approval of the bill in either of the chambers and the initiation of the debate in the other, at least 15 days must have elapsed.

During the second reading, either chamber may introduce amendments, additions, and omissions that it deems necessary. In the report to the chamber as a whole for the second reading, the committee spokesman will have to present all the proposals that were considered by the committee and the reasons why they were rejected.

Every legislative bill or legislative act must include a report from the committee spokesman in the respective committee charged with passing it and must complete all necessary steps.

Article 161

When differences occur in the chambers with respect to a bill, each will form a special committee which, meeting jointly, will draft the text which will be submitted for a final decision in the plenary session of each chamber. If following the repetition of the second reading the differences should persist, the bill will be considered as defeated.

Article 162

Legislative bills which failed to pass in one legislative term and which have been debated once in either chamber will continue their course in the subsequent term in whatever state they may be. No bill may be considered in more than two legislative terms.

Article 163

The President of the Republic may solicit the urgent passage of any legislative bill. In such a case, the respective chamber must decide about same within a 30-day limit. Even within this deadline, a declaration of urgency may be reiterated at all constitutional stages of the bill.

Should the President insist on the urgency, the bill will have priority in the day's agenda such as to exclude the consideration of any other matter until the respective chamber or committee reaches a decision on it.

 If the legislative bill to which the message of urgency refers is under study by a permanent Committee, the latter, at the request of the government, will deliberate jointly with the corresponding committee of the other chamber in order to complete the first reading.

Article 164

The Congress will give priority to the passage of legislative bills that approve treaties involving human rights which are submitted to its consideration by the government.

Article 165

Once a legislative bill is approved by both chambers, it will be transmitted to the government for its approval. Should the latter have no objections, it will approve the bills promulgation as law; if it objects to it, the bill will be returned to the chamber in which it originated.

Article 166

The government has a six-day deadline to return with its objections any bill which does not include over 20 articles; a 10 day deadline for a bill including 21 to 50 articles; and up to 20 days for a bill of over 50 articles. Once the stipulated deadlines are reached and the government has not returned a bill with objections, the President must approve it and promulgate it.

If the chambers should begin a recess within the stated deadlines, the President will be obligated to publish the approved or disapproved bills within the above-mentioned deadlines.

Article 167

The legislative bill to which the government objects totally or in part will be returned to the chambers for a second debate.

The President will sign without being able to present objections to the bill which, when once reconsidered, is approved by half plus one of the members of both Chambers. An exception to this rule is the case where the bill may raise objections on the grounds that it is unconstitutional.

In such a case, should the chambers insist, the bill will he sent to the Constitutional Court so that the latter, within the six subsequent days, may decide on its constitutionality. The affirmative decision of the Court obligates the President to approve the law.

If the Court declares the bill unconstitutional, it will be tabled.

If the Court decides that the bill is unconstitutional in part, it will so indicate to the chamber where the bill originated so that, once the responsible minister is heard, the chamber may redraft and integrate the affected provisions in terms consonant with the dictates of the Court. Once this is done, the chamber will transmit the bill to the Court for its definitive ruling.

Article 168

If the President should not fulfill his duty to approve the bill within the deadlines and according to the conditions established by the Constitution, the President of the Congress will approve and promulgate them.

Article 169

The title of the laws will have to correspond precisely with their content, and the following caption will precede the text "The Congress of Colombia decrees".

Article 170

A group of citizens corresponding to one-tenth of the electoral rolls may solicit from the electoral organization the holding of a referendum for the repeal of a law.

This law will be repealed if half plus one of the voters who participate in the referendum so decide as long as and whenever a quarter of the citizens making up the electoral rolls participate in the referendum. There can be no referendum with respect to laws approving international treaties or the budget or laws relating to fiscal or tax matters.


Article 171

The Senate of the Republic will be made up of 100 members elected in one national electoral district. There will be an additional two senators elected in a special national electoral district for indigenous (Indian) communities. Colombian citizens who happen to be or reside abroad may vote in elections for the Senate of the Republic.

The special national electoral district for the election of Senators by the indigenous communities will proceed according to the electoral quotient system.

The representatives of the indigenous communities who wish to present themselves as members of the Senate of the Republic will have occupied a traditional post of authority in their respective communities or will have been leaders of an indigenous organization, as recognized by means of a certificate from such organization and authenticated by the government Ministry.

Article 172

In order to be elected Senator, the candidate must be a Colombian citizen at birth, a citizen in good standing, and be over 30 years of age oil the date of the election.

Article 173

The following are the powers of the Senate:
  1. To approve or reject the resignation from their office by the President of the Republic or the Vice President.
  2. To approve or disapprove military promotions granted by the government, from the rank of general officers and flag officers of the public force, up to the highest rank.
  3. To grant permission to the President of the Republic to take temporary leave from his office where it is not due to sickness, and to consider the qualifications of the Vice President to serve as President of the Republic.
  4. To allow the transit of foreign troops across the territory of the Republic.
  5. To authorize the government to declare war on another state.
  6. To elect the judges of the Constitutional Court.
  7. To elect the National Attorney General.

Article 174

It is the responsibility of the Senate to take cognizance of charges brought by the Chamber of Representatives against the President of the Republic or whoever replaces him/her, against the judges of the Supreme Court of Justice, of the Council of State and the Constitutional Court, against the members of the Superior Council of the Judicature, and against the Attorney General of the Nation, even though they may have ceased exercising their duties. In this case, the Senate will be informed of actions or omissions that occurred in the performance of the duties of the accused.

Article 175

The following rules will be observed in legal proceedings before the Senate:
  1. The accused is automatically suspended from his/her office whenever the charge is made public.
  2. If the charge refers to crimes committed in the exercise of his/her functions or he/she becomes unworthy to serve because of a misdemeanor, the Senate may only impose the sanction of discharge from office or the temporary or absolute suspension of political rights. But the accused will be brought to trial before the Supreme Court of Justice if the evidence should show the individual to be responsible for an infraction deserving of another penalty.
  3. If the charge refers to common crimes, the Senate will confine itself to declare whether or not there are grounds for further measures, and in the affirmative, it will place the accused at the disposal of the Supreme Court.
  4. The Senate may commission a task force from among its own ranks for investigation, reserving for itself the decision and definitive sanction to be pronounced in a public session by at least two-thirds of the votes of the Senators present.


Article 176

The Chamber of Representatives will be elected in territorial electoral districts and special electoral districts. There will be two representatives for each territorial electoral district and one or for every 250,000 inhabitants or for each fraction greater than 125,000 over and above the initial 250,000.

For the election of representatives to the chamber, each department and the Capital District of Bogot will represent one territorial electoral district. The law may establish a special electoral district to ensure the participation in the Chamber of Representatives of ethnic groups and political minorities and Colombians resident abroad. Up to five representatives may be elected for this district.

Article 177

To be elected a representative, it is necessary to be a citizen in good standing and be older than 25 years of age on the date of the election.

Article 178

The Chamber of Representatives will have the following special powers:
  1. To elect the Ombudsman.
  2. To examine and finalize the general budgetary and treasury account presented to it by the Comptroller General of the Republic.
  3. To bring charges before the Senate, when constitutional reasons may exist, against the President of the Republic or whoever replaces him/her, the judges of the Constitutional Court, the judges of the Supreme Court of Justice, the members of the Superior Council of the Judicature, the judges of the Council of State, or the General Prosecutor.
  4. To take cognizance of denunciations and complaints that may be presented before it by the General Prosecutor or by individuals against specific officials and, if necessary, to bring charges on that basis before the Senate.
  5. To request the assistance of other authorities in the investigations over which the chamber has jurisdiction and to authorize the collection of evidence when the chamber considers it appropriate.


Article 179

The following are not qualified to be congressmen:
  1. Those who were sentenced at anytime on the basis of a judicial verdict to a prison term, with the exception of political crimes or crimes of strict liability.
  2. Public employees who exercised political, civil, administrative, or military authority or jurisdiction within the 12 months prior to the date of the election.
  3. Those who participated in business dealings with public entities or contracted with them in their own interest or that of third parties, or have been legal representatives of entities that administer taxes or fiscal-type levies within six months prior to the date of the election.
  4. Those who have lost their investiture as congressmen.
  5. Those who are connected through marriage or permanent union or kinship to the third degree of consanguinity, affinity one rank removed, or merely civil with officials who exercise civil or political authority.
  6. Those who are connected among themselves through marriage or permanent union or kinship to the third degree of consanguinity, affinity two ranks removed, or one rank removed in civil law, and belong to the same party, movement, or group for election to office or as members of public entities for an election to be held on the same date.
  7. Those who hold dual citizenship, excepting Colombians by birth
  8. No one may be elected for more than one office or public position, nor for an office or position if the respective periods overlap in time, even partially.
The disqualifications provided in paragraphs No. 2, 3, 5, and 6 refer to situations that may apply in the district in which the respective election is slated to be held. The law will regulate the other cases of disqualifications oil account of kinship, with the authorities not stipulated in these provisions.

For the purposes of this article, it is considered that the national electoral district overlaps each of the territorial districts, except for the disqualification identified in paragraph No. 5.

Article 180

Congressmen are prohibited from doing the following:
  1. Holding public or private office or employment.
  2. Managing in their own name or someone else's name, affairs before the public
  3. authorities or before individuals dial administer taxes, or from being empowered to contract with these officials on their own or through a third party. The law will establish the exceptions to this provision.
  4. Being members of boards or executive councils of decentralized entities of
  5. whatever level or of institutions that administer taxes.
  6. Making contracts or making arrangements with individuals or private legal entities that may administer, handle, or invest public funds or that may be contractors of the state or receive subsidies from the latter. Excepted is the acquisition of goods or services that are equally offered to all citizens.
Paragraph 1. The profession of university professor is excepted from the regime of incompatibilities.

Paragraph 2. The official who, in violation of the present article, should appoint a congressman to a job or office or who should make a contract with him/her or accept that he/she should act as business representative in his/her own name or that of a third party will be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Article 181

The incompatibilities of the congressmen will be in effect during the applicable constitutional period. In case of resignation, they will continue to apply during the year subsequent to the resignation or for the time remaining in the constitutional term, whichever is greater. Whoever is called to occupy the position will be subject to the same rules of disabilities and incompatibilities as of the date of taking office.

Article 182

Congressmen must inform their respective chamber of any moral or economic situation that prevents them from participating in the matters submitted for their consideration. The law will determine the basis for regulation oil the grounds of conflicts of interest and incompatibilities.

Article 183

Congressmen will lose their investiture for the following reasons:
  1. For violating the rules of disabilities and incompatibilities or the rules of conflict of interest.
  2. For their absence, in the same legislative session, from six plenary meetings at which legislative acts, bills, or motions of non-confidence are voted upon.
  3. For not assuming their position within eight days following the date of convening the chambers or the date when they were summoned to be convened.
  4. For the improper payment of public funds.
  5. For trafficking in influence, duly proven. Paragraph. Reasons 2 and 3 will not be applicable when "force majeure" is involved.
Article 184

The loss of investiture will be decreed by the Council of State in accordance with the law within no more than 20 working days, beginning from the date of the request made by the executive committee of the appropriate chamber or by any citizen.

Article 185

Congressmen will enjoy immunity for their opinions and the votes which they cast in the exercise of their office, without prejudice to the disciplinary rules included in the relevant bylaws.

Article 186

Regarding crimes committed by congressmen, the Supreme Court of Justice is the sole authority that may order their detention and should be informed privately of such accusations. In case of flagrante delicto, the congressman must be apprehended and placed immediately at the disposal of this Court.

Article 187

The remuneration of the members of Congress will be adjusted each year in proportion equal to the weighted average of the adjustments made in the remuneration of the public servants of the central administration, on the basis of a certificate which the Comptroller General of the Republic will issue for that purpose.