Cuban citizenship is acquired by birth or through naturalization.


Cuban citizens by birth are:
  1. those born in national territory, with the exception of the children of foreign persons at the service of their government or international organizations. In the case of the children of temporary foreign residents in the country, the law stipulates the requisites and formalities;
  2. those born abroad, one of whose parents at least is Cuban and on an official mission;
  3. those born abroad, one of whose parents at least is Cuban, who have complied with the formalities stipulated by law;
  4. those born outside national territory, one of whose parents at least is Cuban and who lost their Cuban citizenship provide they apply for said citizenship according to the procedures stated by law;
  5. foreigners who, by virtue of their exceptional merits won in the struggles for Cubans liberation, were considered Cuban citizens by birth.

Cuban citizens by naturalization are:
  1. those foreigners who acquire Cuban citizenship in accordance with the regulations established by law;
  2. those who contributed to the armed struggle against the tyranny overthrown on January 1, 1959, provided they show proof of this in the legally established form;
  3. those who having been arbitrarily deprived of their citizenship of origin, obtain Cuban citizenship by virtue of an express agreement of the Council of State.


Neither marriage nor its dissolution affect the citizenship status of either of the spouses or their children.


Cubans may not be deprived of their citizenship save for established legal causes. Neither may they be deprived of the right to change citizenship.

Dual citizenship is not recognized. Therefore, when a foreign citizenship is acquired, the Cuban one will be lost.
Formalization of the loss of citizenship and the authorities empowered to decide on this is prescribed by law.


Cuban citizenship may be regained in those cases and ways specified by law.