Basic Provisions


We, the citizens of the Czech Republic in Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia, at the time of the renewal of an independent Czech state, being loyal to all good traditions of the ancient statehood of Czech Crown's Lands and the Czechoslovak State, resolved to build, protect and develop the Czech Republic in the spirit of the inviolable values of human dignity and freedom, as the home of equal and free citizens who are conscious of their duties towards others and their responsibility towards the whole, as a free and democratic state based on the respect for human rights and the principles of civic society, as part of the family of European and world democracies, resolved to jointly protect and develop the inherited natural and cultural, material and spiritual wealth, resolved to abide by all time-tried principles of a law-observing state, through our freely elected representatives, adopt this Constitution of the Czech Republic.

Chapter One Basic Provisions

Article 1: State

The Czech Republic is a sovereign, unified, and democratic law-observing state, based on the respect for the rights and freedoms of the individual and citizen.

Article 2: Power

1. All state power derives from the people; they exercise this power by means of their legislative, executive, and judicial bodies.

2. A constitutional law may stipulate the cases when the people exercise state power directly.

3. The state power serves all citizens and can be exercised only in cases and within the scope stipulated by law, and by means specified by law.

4. Every citizen may do whatever is not forbidden by law, and no one may be forced to do what the law does not enjoin.

Article 3: Constitutional Order

Part of the constitutional order of the Czech Republic is the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms.

Article 4: Judiciary's Protection

The fundamental rights and freedoms enjoy the protection of the Judiciary.

Article 5: Political System

The political system is based on the free and voluntary foundation and free competition of political parties respecting fundamental democratic principles and rejecting force as a means for asserting their interests.

Article 6: Majority Rule

Political decisions shall derive from the will of the majority expressed through free voting. Minorities shall be protected by the majority in decision-making.

Article 7: Natural Resources

The state shall see to it that natural resources are used economically and natural wealth is protected.

Article 8: Autonomy

The autonomy of units of territorial self-administration shall be guaranteed.

Article 9: Constitutional Laws

1. The Constitution may be amended or altered solely by constitutional laws.

2. Any change of fundamental attributes of the democratic law-observing state is inadmissible.

3. Legal norms cannot be interpreted as warranting the removal or threatening of the foundations of the democratic state.

Article 10: Human Rights Treaties

Ratified and promulgated international accords on human rights and fundamental freedoms, to which the Czech Republic has committed itself, are immediately binding and are superior to law.

Article 11: Territory

The territory of the Czech Republic encompasses an indivisible whole whose state border may be altered exclusively by constitutional laws.

Article 12: Citizenship

1. Procedures binding for the acquisition and loss of Czech citizenship are stipulated by law.

2. No one can be stripped of his or her citizenship against his or her will.

Article 13: Capital

The capital of the Czech Republic is Prague.

Article 14: State Symbols

1. The State Symbols of the Czech Republic are the Large and Small State Emblems, the State Colors, the State Flag, the Banner of the President of the Republic, the State Seal, and the State Anthem.

2. The state symbols and their use are determined by law.