The Legal Chancellor

Chapter XII The Legal Chancellor

Article 139: Independence, Functions

1. The Legal Chancellor shall be, in conducting his or her work, an independent official supervising the accordance with the Constitution and legislation of the legal acts issued by the state legislature and executive, as well as by local government bodies.

2. The Legal Chancellor shall analyze the proposals made to him or her for amending legislation and adopting new laws, as well as for the work of government institutions, and, if necessary, shall present a report to the Parliament.

3. The Legal Chancellor shall, in the cases referred to in Articles 76, 85, 101, 138, 53, propose to the Parliament to bring criminal charges against a member of the Parliament, the President of the Republic, a member of the Government of the Republic, the Auditor-General, the Chairman of the National Court or a member of the National Court.

Article 140: Appointment

1. The Legal Chancellor shall be appointed by the Parliament, on proposal by the President of the Republic, for a term of seven years.

2. The Legal Chancellor may be removed from office only by a Court decision.

Article 141: Powers, Legal Chancellor in Parliament and Government

1. The Legal Chancellor, in heading his or her office, shall have all the rights, which are accorded to a Minister in heading a Ministry.

2. The Legal Chancellor shall have the right to participate in sessions of the Parliament and in sessions of the Government of the Republic, with the right to speak.

Article 142: Constitutional Review

1. If the Legal Chancellor considers that a legal act issued by the state legislature or executive or by a local government is in conflict with the Constitution or a law, he or she shall propose to the body which has adopted that act to bring the act into accordance with the Constitution or law within twenty days.

2. If the act is not brought into accordance with the Constitution or law within twenty days, the Legal Chancellor shall apply to the National Court to declare the act null and void.

Article 143: Annual Report

The Legal Chancellor shall present an annual report to the Parliament on the accordance with the Constitution and legislation of legal acts issued by the state legislature and executive and by local government.

Article 144: Status by Law

The legal status of the Legal Chancellor and the organization of his or her office shall be determined by the law.

Article 145: Immunity

The Legal Chancellor may be charged with a criminal offense only on proposal by the President of the Republic and with the consent of the majority of the complement of the Parliament.