Any person who is arrested shall be brought before a judge without delay. If not released at once, the judge shall give a reasoned ruling within 24 hours as to whether he shall be remanded to custody. If the person may be released on bail, the ruling shall contain provisions as to its nature and amount.
An appeal to a higher Court may immediately be made against the ruling of the judge, the procedure of notification and appeal against such ruling being the same as in criminal cases.
No person may be subjected to custody on remand for an offence merely punishable by fines or punitive detention.
The home shall be inviolate. Houses may not be searched, nor may any letters or other documents be detained and examined, except by judicial ruling or by a special provision of law.
The right of ownership is inviolate. No one shall be obliged to surrender his property unless required by the common good; such surrender must be based on law and full compensation paid.
No foreign national may acquire nationality except by law.
The entitlement of foreign nationals to hold rights to real estate in the country shall be determined by law.
No restriction may be imposed upon individual freedom of enterprise, unless required by the common good. Such restriction must be based on law.
Whoever is unable to provide for himself or his dependents shall, subject to obligations prescribed by law, be entitled to support from public funds, unless his maintenance rests upon others.
If parents cannot afford to educate their children, or if the children are orphaned or destitute, their education and maintenance must be defrayed from public funds.
Every person has the right to express his thoughts in print; nevertheless, he shall be responsible for them before the Courts. Censorship and other restrictions on the freedom of expression in print must never be enacted.
People are entitled to form associations for any lawful purpose without having to seek authorization. No association may be dissolved by an executive measure. It may, however, be banned temporarily, in which case an action must immediately be brought for dissolution of the association.
People are entitled to assemble unarmed. The police have the right to be present at public gatherings. Open-air meetings may be forbidden when it is feared that they may cause riots.
Every person able to carry arms shall be obliged to take part in the defense of the country, as may be further provided by law.
The right of autonomy of local communities under the supervision of the Government shall be determined by law.
Taxation shall be determined by law.
Privileges tied to nobility, titles and rank may not be enacted.
Proposals to amend or supplement this Constitution may be introduced at regular as well as extraordinary sessions of Althingi. If the proposal is adopted, Althingi shall immediately be dissolved and a general election held. If Althingi then passes the resolution unchanged, it shall be confirmed by the President of the Republic and come into force as constitutional law.
If Althingi passes an amendment to the status of the Church under Article 62, it shall be submitted to a vote for approval or rejection by secret ballot of all those eligible to vote.