The Government

Section I  The Council of Ministers

Article 92  Executive Power
(1) The government of the republic consists of the prime minister and the ministers jointly constituting the council of ministers.
(2) The president appoints the prime minister and, on his advice, the ministers.
Article 93  Oath
The prime minister and the ministers, prior to taking office, are sworn in by the president.
Article 94  Vote of Confidence
(1) Government has to enjoy the confidence of both chambers.
(2) Confidence is granted or withdrawn by each chamber on a reasoned motion by vote using a roll-call.
(3) The government has to appear before each chamber no later than ten days after its appointment to get a vote of confidence.
(4) The rejection of a government proposal by a chamber does not force government resignation.
(5) The request for a vote of no-confidence requires the signatures of at least one-tenth of the members of either chamber and is not debated until three days after it has been filed.
Article 95  Responsibilities
(1) The prime minister conducts and is responsible for the general policy of the government. He ensures the unity of general political and administrative policies, promoting and coordinating the activities of the ministers.
(2) The ministers are jointly responsible for decisions of the council of ministers and individually for those of their ministries.
(3) Rules concerning the role of the prime minister and the number, responsibilities and organization of the ministries are determined by law.
Article 96  Ministerial Offences
The prime minister and ministers, even if no longer in office, are subject to ordinary courts for offences committed in the exercise of their duties only in those cases authorized by the senate or the house of representatives according to procedures defined by constitutional law.
Section II   Public Administration
Article 97  Public Offices
(1) The organization of public offices is determined by law ensuring the proper and fair operation of public affairs.
(2) Areas of competence, duties, and responsibilities of public officials must be defined in regulations on public offices.
(3) Appointments for public administration are determinde by public competition unless otherwise specified by law.
Article 98  Independence of Officials
(1) The duty of public officials is only to service the Nation.
(2) Officials who are members of parliament may not be promoted except for seniority.
(3) The right to become a registered member of political parties may be limited by law for members of the judiciary, professional members of the armed forces on active duty, police officials and officers, and diplomatic and consular representatives abroad.
Section III   Auxiliary Institutions
Article 99  National Council of Economy and Labor
(1) As defined by law, the national council of economy and labor is composed of experts and representatives of several trades considering their quantitative and qualitative importance.
(2) The council offers advice to parliament and government for matters and purposes defined by law.
(3) The council has the right to initiate legislation and to contribute to economic and social laws following the principles and observing the limits defined by law.
Article 100  Council of State
(1) The council of state gives advice on legal-administrative matters and ensures justice in the operation of the public administration.
(2) The office of the state auditor exercises preventive control of the government and subsequent control of the state budget. It participates, in the cases and forms defined by law, in the fiscal control of those bodies to which the state normally contributes. It reports the results of its audits directly to the chambers.
(3) The law ensures the independence of these two institutions and their members from government interference.