Form of the State and System of Government


In the name of God the beneficent, the merciful.

We, the representatives of the people of Libya from Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan, meeting by the will of God in the cities of Tripoli and Benghazi in a National Constituent Assembly. Having agreed and determined to form a union between us under the Crown of King Mohammad Idris El- Senussi, to whom the nation has offered the Crown and who was declared constitutional King of Libya by this the National Constituent Assembly. And having decided and determined to establish a democratic independent sovereign State which will guarantee the national unity, safeguard domestic tranquility, provide the means for common defence, secure the establishment of justice, guarantee the principles of liberty, equality and fraternity and promote economic and social progress and the general welfare. And trusting in God, Master of the Universe, do hereby prepare and resolve this Constitution for the Kingdom of Libya.

Libya is a free independent sovereign State. Neither its sovereignty nor any part of its territories may be relinquished.

Libya is a State having a hereditary monarchy, and its system of Government is representative. Its name is "THE KINGDOM OF LIBYA".

The Kingdom of Libya is a part of the Arab Home Land and a portion of the African Continent.  

The boundaries of the Kingdom of Libya are:-
  • On the North: the Mediterranean Sea.
  • On the East: the United Arab Republic and the Republic of Sudan.
  • On the South: the Republic of Sudan, Chad, Niger and Algeria.
  • On the West: the Republics of Tunisia and Algeria.
Islam is the religion of the State.

The emblem of the State and its national anthem shall be prescribed by a law.

The national flag shall have the following shape and dimensions:-
  • Its length shall be twice its breadth,
  • it shall be divided into three parallel coloured stripes,
  • the uppermost being red, the centre black and the lowest green, the black stripe shall be equal in area to the two other stripes together and shall bear in its centre a white crescent, between the two extremities of which there shall be a  five-pointed whit star.