The Rights and Duties of Human Dignity


The Sovereign People of Mali, fortified by their traditions of heroic struggle, committed to remain faithful to the ideals of the victims of repression and the fallen martyrs killed in battle for the advent of a nation of law and of pluralist democracy,

  • affirm the will to preserve and to reinforce the democratic accomplishments of the Revolution of March 26, 1991,
  • solemnly engage to defend the republican form and secularity of the State,
  • proclaim their determination to defend the rights of women and children as well as the cultural and linguistic diversity of the national community,
  • reaffirm their determination to maintain and to consolidate the national unity,
  • commit themselves to assure improvement to the quality of life, the protection of the environment and of the cultural heritage,
  • subscribe to the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man of December 10, 1948 and to the African Charter of the Rights of Man and the People of June 27, 1981,
  • reaffirm their attachment to the formation of the African Union, to the promotion of peace, to regional and international cooperation, to peaceful resolutions of the differences of opinion among states in respect to justice, equality, liberty and the sovereignty of the people.  
Article 1: The human dignity is sacred and inviolable.
Each individual has the right to life, liberty, and the security and integrity of his person.

Article 2: All Malians are born and live free and equal in their rights and duties.
Any discrimination based on social origin, color, language, race, sex, religion, or political opinion is prohibited.  

Article 3: No one will be put to torture, nor to inhumane, cruel, degrading, or humiliating treatment.
Each individual, each agent of the State who is found guilty of such acts, either on his own initiative, or by another’s command, will be punished at law.  

Article 4: Every person has the right to freedom
Of thought, conscience, religion, worship, opinion, expression, and creation in respect to the law.  

Article 5: The State recognizes and guarantees
Under conditions established by law, freedom to come and go, freedom of choice of residence, freedom of association, assembly, following, and demonstrations.  

Article 6: Residence, property, private and family life, confidentiality of correspondence and communication are inviolable.
They may only be undermined according to the conditions defined by law.

Article 7: Freedom of press is recognized and guaranteed.
This is expressed according to the conditions defined by law. Equal access for all to the media of the State is assured by an independent organization; that organization shall define the laws which assure such access.  

Article 8: Freedom of artistic an cultural creativity is recognized and guaranteed.
This freedom shall be carried out according to the conditions defined by law.  

Article 9: Punishment is individual
No one may be pursued, arrested or charged in violation of a law promulgated after the fact. All accused are presumed innocent until their guilt may be established by a competent court. The right to a defense, which includes assistance by a lawyer of choice, is guaranteed from the outset of interrogation.  

Article 10: Any person who objects to an action to deprive them of liberty has the right to be examined by a doctor of their choice.
One may only be detained for more than forty-eight hours as a result of a decision motivated by a Magistrate of the court. One may only be detained in a penitentiary by a delivered mandate by a Magistrate of the court.  

Article 11: That which is not forbidden by law cannot be made a crime, and one may only be constrained for what the law does not permit.  

Article 12: No one may be forced into exile.
Anyone persecuted because of their political or religious beliefs, their ethnic membership, may benefit from the right of asylum in the Republic of Mali.  

Article 13: The right to own property is guaranteed.
One may only be deprived of that right for the purpose of public utility with just and prior compensation.  

Article 14: Freedom of enterprise is vigorously guaranteed within the scope of the laws and regulations.

Article 15: Every person has a right to a healthy environment.
The protection and defense of the environment and the promotion of the quality of life is a duty of everyone and of the State.  

Article 16: In the case of a reported national disaster, every citizen has a duty to give aid according to the conditions defined by law.  

Article 17: Education, instruction, training, employment, housing, leisure, health and social protection constitute some of the recognized rights.  

Article 18: Every citizen has a right to education.
Public education is mandatory, free, and non-religious. Private education is recognized and it must be carried out according to the conditions defined by law.  

Article 19: The rights to employment and furlough are recognized and shall be equal for all.
Every citizen has a duty to work but one may only be restricted to specific employment in the case of fulfillment of a service of exceptional public interest, equal for all according to the conditions defined by law.  

Article 20: The freedom of unions is guaranteed.
Unions must perform their activities without constraining or limiting others aside from those activities provided by law.  

Article 21: The right to go on strike is guaranteed.
It is vigorously guaranteed within the scope of the laws and regulations.  

Article 22: Defense of the homeland is a duty of every citizen.

Article 23: Every citizen must work for the common good.
Every citizen must fulfill all civic obligations, notably contributing monetary donations.  

Article 24: Every citizen and every person living in the Malian territory has the duty to respect, in every circumstance, the constitution.