The President of the Republic shall negotiate and ratify the treaties. He shall be informed of any negotiation leading to the conclusion of an international accord not submitted for ratification.
Treaties of peace and commerce, treaties or accords related to international organizations, treaties involving the finances of the State, treaties relating to the condition of individuals, treaties involving surrender, exchange or addition of territory may not be approved or ratified except by law. They only take effect after they have been ratified. No surrender exchange, or addition of territory may be made without the consent of the people.
Treaties and accords that are properly ratified or approved have, from the time of their publication, superior authority over laws of the State.