The executive power is retained by the highest authority the Prince (article 3) but is enforced by the Minister of State with the assistance of the Government Cabinet (article 43) composed of three Counselors (a counselor of internal affairs, a counselor of finance and economy a counselor of public works and social affairs). The government cabinet collegially deliberate on ; the projects and laws which are presented to the Prince (article 67), on projects of sovereign order with the Prince's signature, or ministerial decrees which are to be enforced (article 45). The Minister of State oversees the executive process in order to assure the enforcement of law, the functioning of the public services, as well as the maintenance of public order through the police forces (article 44).
One of the particularities of the Principality resides in the fact that the same terrain of authority is handled by the two moral persons of public law, who are : on the one hand, the State, and the other hand, the Commune (articles i and 78). The Commune is administrated by a municipality composed of the mayor and deputies designated by the communal council from amongst its members (article 79). These fifteen deputies are elected for four years by direct universal suffrage and open vote (article 80) from a list of citizens of either gender above the age of twenty-one, and of Monegasque nationality since at least five years (article 79). under the State's authority the communal Counsil deliberates the communes affairs.