Council of People's Justices

Article 95
(a) The Pyithu Hluttaw elects members of the Council of People's Justices from among those members of the Pyithu Hluttaw whose names are on the list submitted collectively by members of the Council of State elected under Clauses (a) and (b) of Article 64.
(b) Members of the Council of People's Justices shall elect a Chairman from among themselves.

Article 96
(a) The following Judicial Organs shall be constituted in the State-
  1. the Council of People's Justices;
  2. State Judges' Committee, Divisional Judges' Committee;
  3. Township Judges' Committee;
  4. Ward Judges' Committee, Village-tract Judges' Committee;
(b) The Pyithu Hluttaw shall prescribe, by law, the duties and powers of the Judicial Organs.

Article 97
The term of office of the Council of People's Justices shall be the same as that of the Pyithu Hluttaw. The Council of People's Justices shall, on expiry of the term of the Pyithu Hluttaw, continue to perform its duties and functions till a new Council of People's Justices has been elected.

Article 98
Justice shall be administered collectively by each judicial organ.

Article 99
Military justice for members of the People's Defence Services may be administered according to law by a collective organ or by a single Judge.

Article 100
Administrative tribunals may be formed according to Law.

Article 101
Administration of justice shall be based on the following principles-
(a) to protect and safeguard the Socialist system;
(b) to protect and safeguard the interests of the working people;
(c) to administer justice independently according to law;
(d) to educate the public to understand and abide by the law;
(e) to work within the framework of law as far as possible for the settlement of cases between members of the public;
(f) to dispense justice in open court unless otherwise prohibited by law;
(g) to guarantee in all cases the right of defense and the right of appeal under law;
(h) to aim at reforming moral character in meting out punishment to offenders.

Article 102
The Burmese language shall be used in the administration of justice. Languages of the national races concerned may also be used, when necessary, and arrangements shall then be made to make interpreters available.

Article 103
The Council of People's Justices-
(a) is the highest judicial organ of the State and;
(b) shall form the necessary judicial Courts only with its members and administer justice.

Article 104
The Council of People's Justices shall be responsible to the Pyithu Hluttaw and shall report to the Pyithu Hluttaw on the state of the administration of justice. When the Pyithu Hluttaw is not in session, the Council of People's Justices shall be responsible to the Council of State.

Article 105
The Council of People's Justices shall supervise all judicial organs and courts within the State.

Article 106
(a) The State People's Councils, the Divisional People's Councils, the Township People's Councils, the Ward People's Councils and the Village-tract People's Councils shall respectively form the State Judges' Committees, the Divisional Judges' Committees, the Township Judges' Committees, the Ward Judges' Committees and the Village-tract Judges' Committees with persons elected from among the members of the respective People's Councils.
(b) Members of the Judges' Committees elected by the People's Councils at different levels under Clause (a) above shall each elect a Chairman from among their members.

Article 107
(a) The Judges' Committees of the People's Councils at different levels shall form with it members, such Courts as may be necessary.
(b) If the number of members of the Judges' Committees is not sufficient to form Courts under Clause (a) above Courts may be formed with members of the Peoples' Councils concerned under the leadership of a member of the Judges' Committee at the respective level. Other suitable citizens may be included in such Courts only if the number of members of the respective People's Council is not sufficient to form such Courts.

Article 108
The term of office of State Judges' Committees, Divisional Judges' Committees, Township Judges' Committees, Ward Judges' Committees and Village-tract Judges' Committees shall be the same as that of the People's Councils concerned at different levels. On expiry of the term of the People's Councils at different levels, the respective Judges' Committee shall continue to perform its duties and functions until a new Judges' Committee has been elected.

Article 109
The Council of People's Justices may, with the approval of the Council of State, form bodies of judicial services at different levels as may be necessary and appoint the required personnel to such services according to law.

Article 110
The State Judges' Committees, the Divisional Judges' Committees, the Township Judges' Committees, the Ward Judges' Committees and the Village-tract Judges' Committees shall supervise the judicial organs and Courts formed by them and such Judges' Committees shall be responsible to the People's Councils concerned.