People's Councils

Article 129
The People's Councils at different levels shall be formed in accordance with this Constitution and electoral laws with people's representatives elected directly by secret ballot by citizens having the right to vote in the area concerned.

Article 130
The number of people's representatives constituting the People's Councils at different levels as well as the Organs of the People's Council shall be prescribed by law.

Article 131
The term of office of the People's Councils at different levels shall be the same as the regular term of office of the Pyithu Hluttaw.

Article 132
The People's Councils at different levels are Local Organs of State Power and they shall implement the following tasks within the framework of law:-
(a) economic and social affairs and public administration;
(b) administration of justice;
(c) local security, defense, maintenance of rule of law and order;
(d) solidarity of the national races and preservation, protection and promotion of their traditional cultures;
(e) Protection of the rights of the people in the area concerned and organizing and urging them to perform their duties efficiently;
(f) formulation of economic plans and their implementation;
(g) preparation of annual budgets and their co-ordination;
(h) construction, settlement and rural and urban development works;
(i) communications;
(j) directing, supervising and co-ordinating Local Organs of State Power and Bodies of Public Services relating to them;
(k) providing leadership to the people and keeping in close contact with them to obtain their active participation in works of public interest;
(l) preservation, protection and development of natural environment;
(m) co-ordinating the affairs of Local Bodies of Public Services;
(n) Performing such other necessary works of public interest as may be prescribed by law.

Article 133
(a) The People's Councils at different levels shall hold meetings as prescribed by law.
(b) The Members of the Panel of Chairmen shall be elected from among the members of the People's Councils to preside over the regular meetings of the People's Councils at different levels.
(c) The Members of the Panel of Chairmen shall preside over the meetings by rotation.
(d) A member of a People's Council who is also a member of the Executive Committee, the Judges' Committee or the Inspectorate of such People's Council shall not be a member of the Panel of Chairmen of such Council. Should a member of the Panel of Chairmen be elected to the Executive Committee, the Judges' Committee or the Inspectorate he shall resign from the Panel of Chairmen.
(e) The Panel of Chairmen shall continue to perform its duties till the next regular session of the People's Council is convened and a new Panel of Chairmen has been elected therefor.
(f) The Executive Committee of a People's Council shall convene a meeting of the Council if 34 per cent of all the members of the Council so requisition. If the Executive Committee fails to convene the meeting within 30 days from the date of such a requisition, the Panel of Chairmen shall, as soon as possible, convene the meeting.

Article 134
The State People's Council, Divisional People's Council- and Township People's Council shall form People's Council Affairs Committees with members of the People's Council concerned.

Article 135
An Executive Committee shall be elected from among its members by each of the People's Councils at different levels, to implement the tasks decided upon by the People's Council. The members of the Executive Committee shall elect a chairman and a secretary from among themselves. The chairman and the secretary so elected shall concurrently be the Chairman and the Secretary of the People's Council concerned.

Article 136
The Chairman of each of the People's Councils shall concurrently be the Chairman of the State, Division, Township, Ward or Village-tract concerned.

Article 137
The Executive Committee of each of the People's Councils at different levels shall be responsible to the People's Council concerned.

Article 138
The Executive Committees of the People's Councils at different levels shall perform the following duties-
(a) convening meetings of the People's Council in consultation with the Panel of Chairmen;
(b) promulgation and implementation of decisions, orders and directives of the People's Councils;
(c) implementation of the tasks laid down by the Council of Ministers as well as by the People's Councils concerned;
(d) maintaining intercommunications between the Executive Committees at different levels and co-ordinating their activities; directing and supervising of the Executive Committee at the lower level by the one at the higher level;
(e) directing, supervising and co-ordinating the work of Local Bodies of Public Services, co-ordinating the affairs of Public Services;
(f) submitting to the People's Council concerned, reports on the activities carried out during the interval between meetings of the People's Council;
(g) the temporary suspension from duty or attendance of any session of any member of the People's Council against whom action for high treason may be called for, provided that approval therefor shall be obtained from the nearest session of the People's Council.

Article 139
The term of office of the Executive Committees of the People's Councils at different levels is the same as that of the People's Councils. On the expiry of the term of the People's Council, the Executive Committee shall continue to perform its duties and functions till a new Executive Committee has been elected.

Article 140
(a) If need should arise to arrest any member of a People's Council in session, reliable evidence in support of such need shall be produced before the Panel of Chairmen of the People's Council. No arrest shall be made without the prior approval of the Panel of Chairmen of the People's Council concerned.
(b) If need should arise to arrest any member of an organ People's Council, while such organ is in session, reliable evidence in support of such need shall be produced before the Executive Committee concerned. No arrest shall be made without the prior approval of the Executive Committee.
(c) If any member of a People's Council is arrested while the People's Council or any of its organs is not in session, reliable evidence in support of such arrest shall be produced before the Executive Committee as soon as possible.

Article 141
All deliberations and actions at the meetings of a People's Council and of any of its organs are absolutely privileged. No member shall be liable or punishable therefor except under the laws, rules and bye-laws of the People's Council.

Article 142
Members of the People's Councils shall maintain contacts with their electorate and shall report back on their activities and keep them informed from time to time on questions of policy.

Article 143
Members of the People's Councils shall seek, and submit the wishes, opinions and proposals of the people to the People's Council concerned and work for their realization.

Article 144
The People's Councils may report on local matters of importance and submit advice for the benefit of the public, from the lower to the higher levels of the People's Councils, up to the Council of State.