Electoral System

Article 173
The basic aims of the electoral system are as follows-
(a) to elect people's representatives who will truly represent the working people;
(b) to secure a broad participation of citizens in the electoral process;
(c) to elect Organs of the Pyithu Hluttaw and of the People's Councils at different levels that will truly represent the working people.

Article 174
(a) Citizens shall directly elect people's representatives by secret ballot.
(b) Every citizen who has attained the age of eighteen years shall have the right to vote.
(c) All citizens who have the right to vote shall enjoy equal voting rights.

Article 175
Constituencies for the election of people's representatives to the Pyithu Hluttaw and the People's Councils at different levels shall be formed as follows-
(a) constituency for Ward or Village-tract People's Council;
(b) constituency for Township People's Council;
(c) constituency for State or Divisional People's Council;
(d) constituency for the Pyithu Hluttaw.

Article 176
(a) Constituencies for the Pyithu Hluttaw shall be delimited on township basis.
(b) Each township shall elect one representative to the Pyithu Hluttaw.
(c) Townships with large populations shall, in addition to the right granted under Clause (b), elect representatives in proportion to population as prescribed by electoral law.
(d) Additional members of the Pyithu Hluttaw shall, by law, be allotted to States or Divisions having less than 10 townships and less than 10 lakhs in population. .

Article 177
Persons having the right to vote and possessing the following qualifications are eligible to stand for election as people's representatives to the Pyithu Hluttaw and to the People's Councils at different levels-
(a) being a citizen born of parents both of whom are also citizens;
(b) having attained the age of 20 years to stand for election to Ward, Village-tract and Township People's Councils;
(c) having attained the age of 24 years to stand for election to State and Divisional People's Councils;
(d) having attained the age of 28 years to stand for election to the Pyithu Hluttaw.

Article 178
The following persons shall not have the right to vote or to stand for election-
(a) members of religious orders, and
(b) persons disqualified by electoral law.

Article 179
The Burma Socialist Programme Party, in consultation with mass and class organizations formed under its leadership and with the electorate of the constituency concerned, and respecting their wishes, shall submit lists of candidates for election as people's representatives to the Pyithu Hluttaw and to the People's Councils at different levels.

Article 180
A candidate for election as a people's representative-
(a) shall stand for election to the Pyithu Hluttaw to the People's Council at one level only and
(b) from only one constituency.

Article 181
(a) The Pyithu Hluttaw shall form an Election Commission six months before the expiry of the terms of the Pyithu Hluttaw and the People's Councils for the purpose of electing a new Pyithu Hluttaw and new People's Councils at different levels.
(b) The Council of State shall submit to the Pyithu Hluttaw, a list of names of citizens who are qualified by law, other than members of the Council of State and of the Council of Ministers, from among whom the Election Commission may be formed.
(c) The Pyithu Hluttaw which decides to dissolve itself under Article 62, shall form, in accordance with Clause (b), an Election Commission for the election of a new Pyithu Hluttaw.
(d) Elections for the Pyithu Hluttaw and the People's Councils at different levels shall be held as prescribed by law, prior to the expiry of the terms of the Pyithu Hluttaw and the respective People's Councils.
(e) Sessions of the new Pyithu Hluttaw and of the new People's Councils at different levels shall be converted with the newly elected people's representatives on the date of expiry of the term of the old Pyithu Hluttaw and the old People's Councils.

Article 183
(a) If the Pyithu Hluttaw or any People's Council is dissolved before the expiry of its term elections shall be held as prescribed by law and sessions of the Pyithu Hluttaw or of the People's Council concerned shall be convened.
(b) If any State, Divisional or Township People's Council is dissolved, the Council of State shall form with suitable citizens, an Executive Committee, a Committee of Judges and a Local Inspectorate and temporarily assign duties to them pending the election of the respective new People's Council.
(c) If a Ward or Village-tract People's Council is dissolved, the Council of State shall form with suitable citizens, an Executive Committee and a Committee of Judges and temporarily assign duties to them pending the election of the respective new People's Council.

Article 184
Expenses incurred in the elections of people's representatives to the Pyithu Hluttaw and to the People's Councils at different levels shall be met out of State funds.

Article 185
(a) If the situation is not yet ripe for the election of any State, Divisional or Township People's Council, the Council of State shall form, with suitable citizens, an Executive Committee, a Committee of Judges and a Local Inspectorate and temporarily assign duties to them for the purpose of performing the functions of the People's Council concerned.
(b) If the situation is not yet ripe for the election of any Ward or Village-tract People's Council, the Council of State shall form with suitable citizens, an Executive Committee and a Committee of Judges and temporarily assign duties to them for the purpose of performing the functions of the People's Council concerned.

Article 186
The Pyithu Hluttaw shall enact such laws as may be necessary in connection with the election of people's representatives.