All rights and liberties shall be exercised in regard to laws and regulations in force.
The President of the Republic is the head of state. He incarnates national unity. The President of the Republic is above political parties. He is the guardian of national independence, national unity, territorial integrity, respect for the Constitution, treaties and international agreements. He ensures the regular running of public powers and the continuity of the state.
The President of the Republic shall be elected for five years by free, direct, equal and secret universal suffrage. He shall be eligible for re-election only once.
After consulting with the Prime Minister, the President of the National Assembly, the President of the Constitutional Court and the President of the Supreme Court, the President of the Republic shall take exceptional measures when the institutions of the Republic, the nation's independence, its territorial integrity or the execution of international obligations are threatened by a grave and immediate danger and when the normal functioning of Constitutional public powers has been interrupted. He shall report to the nation regarding any such exceptional measures. If the National Assembly is not in session, it shall reconvene without need of sanction. Such exceptional measures must be inspired by the desire to assure to constitutionally granted public authorities those means of accomplishing their mission within the shortest period of time. In no case shall the National Assembly be dissolved during the exercise of exceptional powers. The National Assembly shall assess by an absolute majority of its members the duration of the exercise of exceptional powers and shall terminate it in case of abuse.
The President of the Republic shall have the authority to proclaim a state of emergency under conditions determined by law.