Principles Guiding State Policy

Article (10) Political principles:
  1. Preserving the State’s independence and sovereignty, protecting its security and stability, and defending it against all forms of aggression.
  2.  Reinforcing co-operation and reaffirming ties of friendship with all States and peoples on a basis of mutual respect, common interest, non-interference in internal affairs, compliance with international and regional charters and treaties, and the generally recognised principles of international law, in a manner conducive to the promotion of peace and security between States and Peoples.
  3.  Laying suitable foundations for the establishment of the pillars of genuine Shura Consultation, based on the national heritage, its values and its Islamic Shariah, and on pride in its history, while incorporating such contemporary manifestations as are appropriate.
  4.  Establishing a sound administrative system that guarantees justice, tranquillity and equality for citizens, ensures respect for public order and safeguards the higher interests of the country.
Article (11) Economic principles:
  1. The basis of the national economy is justice and the principles of a free economy. Its chief pillar is constructive, fruitful co-operation between public and private activity. Its aim is to achieve economic and social development that will lead to increased production and a higher standard of living for citizens, in accordance with the State’s general plan and within the limits of the Law.
  2. Freedom of economic activity is guaranteed within the limits of the Law and the public interest, in a manner that will ensure the well-being of the national economy.
  3. The State encourages saving and oversees the regulation of credit.
  4. All natural resources are the property of the State, which safeguards them and ensures that they are properly utilised while taking into account the requirements of State security and the interests of the national economy. No concession may be granted, nor may any of the country’s public resources be exploited, except in accordance with the Law and for a limited period of time, and in such a manner as to preserve national interests.
  5. Public property is inviolable. The State shall protect it, and citizens and all other persons shall preserve it.
  6. Private property is protected. No-one shall be prevented from disposing of his property within the limits of the Law. Nor shall anyone’s property be expropriated, except for the public benefit in those cases defined by the Law and in the manner stipulated by the Law, and on condition that the person whose property is expropriated receives just compensation for it.
  7. Inheritance is a right governed by the Shariah of Islam.
  8. Confiscation of property is prohibited and the penalty of specific confiscation shall only be imposed by judicial order in circumstances defined by the Law.
  9. The basis of taxes and public dues shall be justice and the development of the national economy.
  10. The institution, adjustment and cancellation of public taxes shall be by virtue of the Law. No one may be exempted from payment of all or part of such taxes except in circumstances defined in the Law.
  11. No tax, fee or other entitlement of any kind may be applied retrospectively.
Article (12) Social Principles:
  1. Justice, equality and equality of opportunity between Omanis are the pillars of society, guaranteed by the State.
  2. Co-operation, compassion, strong ties between citizens, and the reinforcement of national unity are a duty. The State shall prevent anything that could lead to division, discord, or the disruption of national unity.
  3. The family is the basis of society, and the Law regulates the means of protecting it, safeguarding its legal structure, reinforcing its ties and values, providing care for its members, and creating suitable conditions for the development of their aptitudes and capabilities.
  4. The State guarantees assistance for the citizen and his family in cases of emergency, sickness, incapacity and old age in accordance with the social security system. It also encourages society to share the burdens of dealing with the effects of public disasters and calamities.
  5. The State cares for public health and for the prevention and treatment of diseases and epidemics. It endeavours to provide health care for every citizen and to encourage the establishment of private hospitals, clinics and other medical institutions under State supervision and in accordance with the rules laid down by Law. It also works to conserve and protect the environment and prevent pollution.
  6. The State enacts laws to protect the employee and the employer, and regulates relations between them. Every citizen has the right to engage in the work of his choice within the limits of the Law. It is not permitted to impose any compulsory work on anyone except in accordance with the Law and for the performance of public service, and for a fair wage.
  7. Public employment is a national service entrusted to those who carry it out. The State employees while performing their work shall seek to serve the public interest and society. Citizens are considered equal in taking up public employment according to the provisions of the Law.
Article (13) Cultural Principles:
  1. Education is a fundamental element for the progress of society which the State fosters and endeavours to make available to all.
  2. Education aims to raise and develop general cultural standards, promote scientific thought, kindle the spirit of enquiry, meet the needs of the economic and social plans, and create a generation strong in body and moral fibre, proud of its nation, country and heritage, and committed to safeguarding their achievements.
  3. The State provides public education, combats illiteracy and encourages the establishment of private schools and institutes under State supervision and in accordance with the provisions of the Law.
  4. The State fosters and conserves the national heritage, and encourages and promotes the sciences, literature, and scientific research.
Article (14) Security Principles
  1. The State’s goal is peace, and safeguarding the country’s security is a duty entrusted to every citizen.
  2. The Defence Council studies matters concerning the maintenance of the Sultanate’s security and its defence.
  3. It is the State alone that establishes the Armed Forces, public security organisations and any other forces. They are all the property of the nation and their task is to protect the State, safeguard the safety of its territories and ensure security and tranquillity for its citizens. No institution or group may set up military or paramilitary organisations. The Law regulates military services, general or partial mobilisation and the rights, duties and disciplinary rules of the Armed Forces, the public security organisations and any other forces the State decides to establish.