Chapter 1. THE GOVERNORSARTICLE 101. Appointment of Governor.
(1) There shall be a Governor for each Province, who shall be appointed by the President [in his discretion] [after consultation with the Prime Minister.]
(2) A person shall not be appointed a Governor unless he is qualified to be elected as member of the National Assembly and is not less that thirty-five years of age .
3) The Governor shall hold office during the pleasure of the President [and shall be entitled to such salary, allowances and privileges as the President may determine].
(4) The Governor may, by writing under his hand addressed to the President, resign his office.
(5) The President may make such provision as he thinks fit for the discharge of the functions of a Governor] [in any contingency not provided for in this Part].ARTICLE 102. Oath of office.
Before entering upon office, the Governor shall make before the Chief Justice of the High Court oath in the form set out in the Third Schedule.ARTICLE 103. Conditions of Governor's office.
(1) The Governor shall not hold any office of profit in the service of Pakistan of occupy any other position carrying the right to remuneration for the rendering of services.
(2) The Governor shall not be a candidate for election as a member of [Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)] or a Provincial Assembly and, if a member of [Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)] or a Provincial Assembly is appointed as Governor, his seat in [Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)] or, as the case may be, the Provincial Assembly shall become vacant on the day he enters upon his office.ARTICLE 104. Acting Governor.
When the governor is absent from Pakistan or is unable to perform the functions of his office due to any cause, such other person as the President may direct shall act as Governor.ARTICLE 105. Governor to act on advice, etc.
(1) Subject to the Constitution, in the performance of his functions, the Governor shall act in accordance with the advice of the Cabinet, [or the Chief Minister].
Provided that the Governor may require the Cabinet or, as the case may be, the Chief Minister to reconsider such advice, whether generally or otherwise, and the Governor shall act in accordance with the advice tendered after such reconsideration.
(2) The question whether any, and if so what, advice was tendered to the Governor by the Chief Minister
or the Cabinet] shall not be inquired into in, or by, any court, tribunal or other authority.
(3) Where the Governor dissolves the Provincial Assembly, he shall appoint, in his discretion, but with the previous approval of the President, a care-taker Cabinet.
(4) The powers conferred by the Article on the President shall be exercised by him in his discretion.
(5) The provisions of clause [(2)] of Article 48 shall have effect in relation to a Governor as if reference therein to "President" were reference to "Governor".]
Chapter 2. PROVINCIAL ASSEMBLIESARTICLE 106. Constitution of Provincial Assemblies.
(1) Each Provincial Assembly shall consist of general seats and seats reserved for women and non-Muslims as specified herein below.
General seats Women Non-Muslims Total
Baluchistan 51 11 3 65
The North-West Frontier Province 99 22 3 124
The Punjab 297 66 8 371
Sind 130 29 9 168
(2) A person shall be entitled to vote if-
- he is a citizen of Pakistan;
- he is not less than [eighteen] years of age;
- his name appears on the electoral roll for any area in the Province; and
- he is not declared by a competent court to be of unsound mind .
(3) For the purpose of election to a Provincial Assembly-
- the constituencies for the general seats shall be single member territorial constituencies and the members to fill such seats shall be elected by direct and free vote.
- each Province shall be a single constituency for all seats reserved for women and non-Muslims allocated to the respective Provinces under clause (1);
- the members to fill seats reserved for women and non-Muslims allocated to a Province under clause (1) shall be elected in accordance with law through proportional representation system of political parties' lists of candidates on the basis of the total number of general seats secured by each political party in the Provincial Assembly:
Provided that for the purpose of this sub-clause,the total number of general seats won by a political party shall include the independent returned candidate or candidates who may duly join such political party within three days of the publication in the official Gazette of the names of the returned candidates.
ARTICLE 107. Duration of Provincial Assembly.
A Provincial Assembly shall, unless sooner dissolved, continue for a term of five years from the day of its first meeting and shall stand dissolved at the expiration of its term.
ARTICLE 108. Speaker and Deputy Speaker.
After a general election, a Provincial Assembly shall, at its first meeting and to the exclusion of any other business, elect from amongst its members a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker and, so often as the office of Speaker or Deputy Speaker becomes vacant, the Assembly shall elect another member as Speaker or, as the case may be, Deputy Speaker.
ARTICLE 109. Summoning and prorogation of Provincial Assembly.
The Governor may from time to time-
(a) summon the Provincial Assembly to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit; and
(b) prorogue the Provincial Assembly.
ARTICLE 110. Right of Governor to address Provincial Assembly.
The Governor may address the Provincial Assembly and may for that purpose require the attendance of the members.
ARTICLE 111. Right to speak in Provincial Assembly.
The Advocate-General shall have the right to speak and otherwise take part in the proceedings of the Provincial Assembly or any committee thereof of which he may be named a member, but shall not by virtue of this Article be entitled to vote.
ARTICLE 112. Dissolution of Provincial Assembly.
(1)] The Governor shall dissolve the Provincial Assembly if so advised by the Chief Minister; and the Provincial Assembly shall, unless sooner dissolved, stand dissolved at the expiration of forty-eight hours after the Chief Minister has so advised.
Explanation.- Reference in this Article to "Chief Minister" shall not be construed to include reference to a Chief Minister against whom  [notice or a resolution for a vote of no-confidence has been given] in the Provincial Assembly but has not been voted upon or against whom a resolution for a vote of no-confidence has been passed or who is continuing in office by virtue of clause (2) of Article 134 or a Provincial Minister performing the functions of the Chief Minister under clause (1) or clause (3) of Article 135.
(2) The Governor may also dissolve the Provincial Assembly in his discretion, but subject to the previous approval of the President, where, in his opinion:-
- a vote of no-confidence having been passed against the Chief Minister, no other member of the Provincial Assembly is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Provincial Assembly in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, as ascertained in a session of the Provincial Assembly summoned for the purpose; or
- a situation has arisen in which the Government of the Province cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and an appeal to the electorate is necessary.
(3) The Governor in case of dissolution of the Provisional Assembly under paragraph (b) of clause (2) shall within fifteen days of the dissolution refer the matter to the Supreme Court with the previous approval of the President and the Supreme Court shall decide the reference within thirty days whose decision shall be final.]
ARTICLE 113. Qualifications and disqualifications for membership of Provoncial Assembly.
The qualifications and disqualifications for membership of the National Assembly set out in Articles 62 and 63 shall also apply for membership of a Provincial Assembly as if reference therein to "National Assembly" were a reference to "Provincial Assembly".]
ARTICLE 114. Restriction on discussion in Provincial Assembly.
No discussion shall take place in a Provincial Assembly with respect to the conduct of any Judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court in the discharge of his duties.
ARTICLE 115. Provincial Government's consent required for financial measures.
(1) A Money Bill, or a Bill or amendment which if enacted and brought into operation would involve expenditure from the Provincial Consolidated Fund or withdrawal from the Public Account of the Province shall not be introduced or moved in the Provincial Assembly except by or with the consent of the Provincial Government.
(2) For the purpose of this Article, a Bill or amendment shall be deemed to be a Money Bill if it contains provisions dealing with all or any of the following matters, namely:
- the imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax;
- the borrowing of money, or the giving of any guarantee, by the Provincial Government or the amendment of the law relating to the financial obligations of that Government;
- the custody of the Provincial Consolidated Fund, the payment of moneys into, or issue of moneys from, that Fund;
- the imposition of a charge upon the Provincial Consolidated Fund, or the abolition or alteration of any such charge;
- the receipt of moneys on account of the Public Account of the Province, the custody or issue of such moneys; and
- any matter incidental to any of the matters specified in the preceding paragraphs.
(3) A Bill shall not be deemed to be a Money Bill by reason only that it provides-
- for the imposition or alteration of any fine or other pecuniary penalty or for the demand or payment of a licence fee or a fee or charge for any service rendered; or
- for the imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax by any local authority or body for local purposes.
(4) If any question arises whether a Bill is a Money Bill or not, the decision of the Speaker of the Provincial Assembly thereon shall be final.
(5) Every Money Bill presented to the Governor for assent shall bear a certificate under the hand of the Speaker of the Provincial Assembly that it is a Money Bill and such certificate shall be conclusive for all purposes and shall not be called in question.
ARTICLE 116. Governor's assent to Bills.
(1) When a Bill has been passed by the Provincial Assembly, it shall be presented to the Governor for assent.
(2) When a Bill is presented to the Governor for assent, the Governor shall, within [thirty] days,
- assent to the Bill; or
- in the case of a Bill other than a Money Bill, return the Bill to the Provincial Assembly with a message requesting that the Bill, or any specified provision thereof, be reconsidered and that any amendment specified in the message be considered.
(3) When the Governor has returned a Bill to the Provincial Assembly it shall be reconsidered by the Provincial Assembly and, if it is again passed, with or without amendment, by the Provincial Assembly, by the votes of the majority of the members of the Provincial Assembly present and voting, it shall be again Presented to the Governor and the Governor shall not withhold assent therefrom.]
(4) When the Governor has assented to a Bill, it shall become law and be called an Act of Provincial Assembly.
(5) No Act of a Provincial Assembly, and no provision in any such Act, shall be invalid by reason only that some recommendation, previous sanction or consent required by the Constitution was not given if that Act was assented to accordance with the Constitution.]
ARTICLE 117. Bill not to lapse on prorogation, etc.
(1) A Bill pending in a Provincial Assembly shall not lapse by reason of the prorogation of the Assembly.
(2) A Bill pending in a Provincial Assembly shall lapse on the dissolution of the Assembly.
ARTICLE 118. Provincial Consolidated Fund and Public Account.
(1) All revenues received by the Provincial Government, all loans raised by that Government, and all moneys received by it in repayment of any loan, shall form part of a consolidated fund, to be known as the Provincial Consolidated Fund.
(2) All other moneys
- received by or on behalf of the Provincial Government; or
- received by or deposited with the High Court or any other court established under the authority of the Province; shall be credited to the Public Account of the Province.
ARTICLE 119. Custody, etc., of Provincial Consolidated Fund and Public Account.
The custody of the Provincial Consolidated Fund, the payment of moneys into that Fund, the withdrawal of moneys therefrom, the custody of other moneys received by or on behalf of the Provincial Government, their payment into, and withdrawal from, the Public Account of the Province, and all matters connected with or ancillary to the matters aforesaid, shall be regulated by Act of the Provincial Assembly or, until provision in that behalf is so made, by rules made by the Governor.
ARTICLE 120. Annual Budget Statement.
(1) The Provincial Government shall, in respect of every financial year, cause to be laid before the Provincial Assembly a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Provincial Government for that year, in this Chapter referred to as the Annual Budget Statement.
(2) The Annual Budget Statement shall show separately :-
- the sums required to meet expenditure described by the Constitution as expenditure charged upon the Provincial Consolidated Fund; and
- the sums required to meet other expenditure proposed to be made from the Provincial Consolidated Fund; and shall distinguish expenditure on revenue account from other expenditure.
ARTICLE 121. Expenditure charged upon Provincial Consolidated Fund.
The following expenditure shall be expenditure charged upon the Provincial Consolidated Fund:
(a) the remuneration payable to the Governor and other expenditure relating to his office, and the remuneration payable to
- the Judges of the High Court; and
- the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Provincial Assembly;
(b) the administrative expenses, including the remuneration payable to officers and servants, of the High Court and the Secretariat of the Provincial Assembly;
(c) all debt charges for which the Provincial Government is liable, including interest, sinking fund charges, the repayment or amortisation of capital, and other expenditure in connection with the raising of loans, and the service and redemption of debt on the security of the Provincial Consolidation Fund;
(d) any sums required to satisfy any judgment, decree or award against the Province by any Court or tribunal; and
(e) any other sums declared by the Constitution or by Act of the Provincial Assembly to be so charged.
ARTICLE 122. Procedure relating to Annual Budget Statement.
(1) So much of the Annual Budget Statement as relates to expenditure charged upon the Provincial Consolidated Fund may be discussed in, but shall not be submitted to the vote of, the Provincial Assembly.
(2) So much of the Annual Budget Statement as relates to other expenditure shall be submitted to the Provincial Assembly in the form of demands for grants, and that Assembly shall have power to assent to, or to refuse to assent to, any demand, or to assent to any demand subject to a reduction of the amount specified therein:
Provided that, for a period of ten years from the commencing day or the holding of the second general election to the Provincial Assembly, whichever occurs later, a demand shall be deemed to have been assented to unless, by the votes of a majority of the total membership of the Assembly, it is refused or assented to subject to a reduction of the amount specified therein.
(3) No demand for a grant shall be made except on the recommendation of the Provincial Government.
ARTICLE 123. Authentication of schedule of authorized expenditure.
(1) The Chief Minister shall authenticate by his signature a schedule specifying :-
- the grants made or deemed to have been made by the Provincial Assembly under Article 122 and
- the several sums required to meet the expenditure charged upon the Provincial Consolidated Fund but not exceeding, in the case of any sum, the sum shown in the statement previously laid before the Assembly.
(2) The schedule so authenticated shall be laid before the Provincial Assembly, but shall not be open to discussion or vote thereon.
(3) Subject to the Constitution, no expenditure from the Provincial Consolidated Fund shall be deemed to be duly authorized unless it is specified in the schedule so authenticated and such schedule is laid before the Provincial Assembly as required by clause (2).
ARTICLE 124. Supplementary and excess grant.
If in respect of any financial year it is found
(a) that the amount authorized to be expended for a particular service for the current financial year is insufficient, or that a need has arisen for expenditure upon some new service not included in the Annual Budget Statement for that year; or
(b) that any money has been spent on any service during a financial year in excess of the amount granted for that service for that year; the Provincial Government shall have power to authorize expenditure from the Provincial Consolidated Fund, whether the expenditure is charged by the Constitution upon that Fund or not, and shall cause to be laid before the Provincial Assembly a Supplementary Budget Statement or, as the case may be, an Excess Budget Statement, setting out the amount of that expenditure, and the provisions of Article 120 to 123 shall apply to those statements as they apply to the Annual Budget Statement.
ARTICLE 125. Votes on account.
Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions relating to financial matters, the Provincial Assembly shall have power to make any grant in advance in respect of the estimated expenditure for a part of any financial year, not exceeding three months, pending completion of the procedure prescribed in Article 122 for the voting of such grant and the authentication of the schedule of expenditure in accordance with the provisions of Article 123 in relation to the expenditure.
ARTICLE 126. Power to authorize expenditure when Assembly stands dissolved.
Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions relating to financial matters, at any time when the Provincial Assembly stands dissolved, the Provincial Government may authorize expenditure from the Provincial Consolidated Fund in respect of the estimated expenditure for a period not exceeding four months in any financial year, pending completion of the procedure prescribed in Article 122 for the voting of grants and the authentication of the schedule of authorized expenditure in accordance with the provisions of Article 123 in relation to the expenditure.
ARTICLE 127. Provisions relating to National Assembly, etc., to apply to Provincial Assembly, etc.
Subject to the Constitution, the provisions of clauses (2) to (8) of Article 53, clauses (2) and (3) of Article 54, Article 55, Articles 63 to 67, Article 69, Article 77, Article 87 and Article 88 shall apply to and in relation to a Provincial Assembly or a committee or members thereof or the Provincial Government, but so that:-
(a) any reference in those provisions to [Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)], a House or the National Assembly shall be read as a reference to the Provincial Assembly;
(b)any reference in those provisions to the President shall be read as a reference to the Governor of the Province;
(c)any reference in those provisions to the Federal Government shall be, read as a reference to the Provincial Government;
(d)any reference in those provisions to the Prime Minister shall be read as a reference to the Chief Minister;
(e)any reference in those provisions to a Federal Minister shall be read as a reference to a Provincial Minister; ***
(f) any reference in those provisions to the National Assembly of Pakistan shall be read as a reference to the Provincial Assembly in existence immediately before the commencing day [; and]
(g) the said clause (2) of Article 54 shall have effect as if, in the proviso thereto, for the words "one hundred and thirty" the word "seventy" were substituted.
ARTICLE 128. Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances.
(1) The Governor may, except when the Provincial Assembly is in session, if satisfied that circumstances exist which render it necessary to take immediate action, make and promulgate an Ordinance as the circumstances may require.
(2) An Ordinance promulgated under this Article shall have the same force and effect as an Act of the Provincial Assembly and shall be subject to like restrictions as the power of the Provincial Assembly to make laws, but every such Ordinance:
- shall be laid before the Provincial Assembly and shall stand repealed at the expiration of three months from its promulgation or, if before the expiration of that period a resolution disapproving it is passed by the Assembly, upon the passing of that resolution; and
- may be withdrawn at any time by the Governor.
(3) Without prejudice to the provisions of clause (2), an Ordinance laid before the Provincial Assembly shall be deemed to be a Bill introduced in the Provincial Assembly.
CHAPTER 3: THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTSARTICLE 129. Exercise of executive authority of Province.
The executive authority of the Province shall vest in the Governor and shall be exercised by him, either directly or though officers subordinate to him, in accordance with the Constitution.ARTICLE 130. The Cabinet.
(1) There shall be a Cabinet of Ministers, with the Chief Minister at its head, to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions.
(2)The Governor shall appoint from amongst the members of the Provincial Assembly a Chief Minister who, in his opinion, is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the provincial Assembly.
(2A) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause(2) after the twentieth day of March, one thousand nine-hundred and eighty-eight, the Governor shall invite the member of the Provincial Assembly to be the Chief Minister who commands the confidence of the members of the Provincial Assembly, as ascertained in session of the Assembly summoned for the purpose in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution:
Provided that nothing contained in this clause shall apply to a Chief Minister holding office on the twentieth day of March, one thousand nine hundred and eighty eight, in accordance with provisions of the Constitution.
(3) The person appointed under clause(2) or, as the case may be, invited under clause(2A)] shall, before entering upon the office, make before the Governor oath in the form set out in the Third Schedule and shall within a period of sixty days thereof obtain a vote of confidence from the Provincial Assembly.
(4) The Cabinet shall be collectively responsible to the Provincial Assembly .
(5) The Chief Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor, but the Governor shall not exercise his powers under this clause unless he is satisfied that the Chief Minister does not command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Provincial Assembly, in which case he shall summon the Provincial Assembly and require the Chief Minister to obtain a vote of confidence from the Assembly.
(6) The Chief Minister may, by writing under his hand addressed to the Governor, resign his office.
(7) A Minister who for any period of six consecutive months is not a member of the Provincial Assembly shall, at the expiration of that period, cease to be a Minister, and shall not before the dissolution of that Assembly be again appointed a Minister unless he is elected a member of that Assembly.
(8) Nothing contained in this Article shall be construed as disqualifying the Chief Minister or any other Minister for continuing in office during any period during which the Provincial Assembly stands dissolved, or as preventing the appointment of any person as Chief Minister or other Minister during any such period.ARTICLE 131. Duties of Chief Minister in relation to Governor.
It shall be the duty of the Chief Minister-
(a) to communicate to the Governor all decisions of the Cabinet relating to the administration of the affairs of the Province and proposals for legislation;
(b) to furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the Province and proposals for legislation as the Governor may call for; and
(c) if the Governor so requires, to submit for consideration of the Cabinet any matter on which a decision has been taken by the Chief Minister or a Minister but which has not been considered by the Cabinet.]ARTICLE 132. Provincial Minister.
(1) Subject to clauses (7) and (8) of Article 130, the Governor shall appoint Provincial Ministers from amongst members of the Provincial Assembly on the advice of the Chief Minister.
(2) Before entering upon office, a Provincial Minister shall make before the Governor oath in the form set out in the Third Schedule.
(3) A Provincial Minister may, by writing under his hand addressed to the Governor, resign his office or may be removed from office by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister.ARTICLE 133. Chief Minister continuing in office.
The Governor may ask the Chief Minister to continue to hold office until his successor enters upon the office of Chief Minister.ARTICLE 136. Vote of no-confidence against Chief Minister.
(1) A resolution for a vote of no-confidence moved by not less than twenty per centum of the total membership of the Provincial Assembly may be passed against the Chief Minister by the Provincial Assembly.
(2) A resolution referred to in clause (1) shall not be voted upon before the expiration of three days, or later than seven days, from the day on which such resolution is moved in the Provincial Assembly.
(3) If the resolution referred to in clause (1) is passed by a majority of the total membership of the Provincial Assembly, the Chief Minister shall cease to hold office.ARTICLE 137. Extent of executive authority of Province.
Subject to the Constitution, the executive authority of the Province shall extend to the matters with respect to which the Provincial Assembly has power to make laws:
Provided that, in any matter with respect to which both [Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)] and the Provincial Assembly of a Province have power to make laws, the executive authority of the Province shall be subject to, and limited by, the executive authority expressly conferred by the Constitution or by law made by [Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)] upon the Federal Government or authorities thereof.ARTICLE 138. Conferring of functions on subordinate authorities.
On the recommendation of the Provincial Government, the Provincial Assembly may by law confer functions upon officers or authorities subordinate to the Provincial Government.ARTICLE 139. Conduct of business of Provincial Government.
(1) All executive actions of the Provincial Government shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the Governor.
(2) The Governor shall by rules specify the manner in which orders and other instruments made and executed in his name shall be authenticated, and the validity of any order or instrument so authenticated shall not be questioned in any court on the ground that it was not made or executed by the Governor. (3) The Governor shall also make rules for the allocation and transaction of the business of the Provincial Government.]ARTICLE 140. Advocate-General for a Province.
(1) The Governor of each Province shall appoint a person, being a person qualified to be appointed a Judge of the High Court, to be the Advocate-General for the Province.
(2) It shall be the duty of the Advocate-General to give advice to the Provincial Government upon such legal matters, and to perform such other duties of a legal character, as may be referred or assigned to him by the Provincial government.
(3) The Advocate-General shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor.
(4) The Advocate-General may, by writing under his hand addressed to the Governor, resign his office.ARTICLE 140A. Local government.
Each Province shall, by law, establish a local government system and devolve political, administrative and financial responsibility and authority to the elected representatives of the local governments.