The State has the following security organs :
- The National Police;
- The National Security Service;
- The Rwanda Defence Forces.
A law may determine other security organs.
CHAPTER ONE- THE NATIONAL POLICEArticle 170
The National Police exercises its authority over the entire national territory.
It must serve the people particularly on the basis of the following principles :
- safeguarding the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution and the law ;
- harmonious collaboration between the National Police and the community which it serves ;
- the accountability of the National Police to the community ;
- informing the population on how the Police is fulfilling its mission.
The National Police has the following functions :
- ensuring compliance with the law ;
- maintenance of internal public order ;
- ensuring security of person and property;
- providing urgent humanitarian assistance in case of disasters, calamities and accidents;
- ensuring respect for the law relating to air space, borders and waters;
- combating terrorism ;
- participating in international peace keeping missions, humanitarian assistance and training.
The law determines the organization, functioning and powers of the National Police.
CHAPTER TWO- THE NATIONAL SECURITY SERVICEArticle 172
There is hereby established a National Security Service. Its responsibilities shall include, inter alia:
- organizing and supervising intelligence inside and outside the country;
- analysing the impact of international affairs on national security;
- dealing with all issues relating to immigration and emigration;
- advising the Government on all issues concerning national security.
The law determines the organisation, functioning and powers of the National Security Service.
CHAPTER THREE- RWANDA DEFENCE FORCESArticle 173
National defence is the responsibility of a professional army known as the "Rwanda Defence Forces". It has the following duties :
- to defend the territorial integrity and national sovereignty of the Republic;
- to collaborate with other security organs in safeguarding public order and enforcement of the law;
- to participate in humanitarian activities in case of disasters;
- to contribute to the development of the country;
- to participate in international peace keeping missions, humanitarian assistance and training.
A law determines the organization and powers of the Rwanda Defence Forces.
The Chief of General Staff shall be responsible for the operations and general administration of the Rwanda Defence Forces.
- The Government of Rwanda can, demobilize some members of the armed forces if deemed necessary or reduce the size of Rwanda Defence Forces.
- A law shall determine procedures for such actions.