OTHER SYSTEMS AND ORGANS

CHAPTER I  DISCIPLINED FORCES

Article 136  People's Armed Forces
(1) The People's Armed Forces are military forces of national composition; their mission is the protection, security, preservation of the safety and participation in the construction of the nation, they also proachievements of the people, and the civilisational orientation of the national community. They also safeguard the coorder.

(2) The law shall regulate the order of the People's Armed Forces and the reserve forces, the terms of service and emoluments of the members thereof.

(3) The law shall regulate the establishment and constitution of military courts, their forms, jurisdiction, powers and procedure, and shall also regulate military legal services.

Article 137. Police Forces
(1) The Police Forces are regular forces of national composition whose mission is to serve the security of the country and citizens, combat crime, protect property, prevent disasters and preserve the morality and conduct of the society and the public order.

(2) The Police Forces shall be regulated by the federal authority as to planning, preparation and training, and supervision of sectors thereof. The States shall supervise some sectors within the State. In a state of emergency supervision of all shall be under federal authorities.

(3) The law shall specify the order, functions, terms of service and the relation between the federal and State's organs and sectors of the Police Forces.

Article 138. Security Forces
(1) Security Forces are national regular forces whose mission is to care for the internal and external security of the Sudan, monitor relevant events, analyze the significance and dangers of the same and recommend protection measures.

(2) The law shall organize the order of the Security Forces and terms of service of their members.

Article 139. Popular Forces
(1) The State may establish voluntary popular military forces for the people's defence or security, and may also establish other disciplined forces to be composed of Sudanese individuals, and work under the command of the Armed Forces or the Police for the needs of defence, security, order and other public functions.

(2) The law shall specify the order of the popular forces, their duties and the relations of the federal and State supervision.

CHAPTER II  THE PUBLIC SERVICE AND EMPLOYEES JUSTICE CHAMBER

Article 140. Public Service
(1) The Public Service is all those employees in the State to carry out the functions assigned to them.

(2) The State shall abide by fairness in assigning public posts on the basis of academic and practical qualification with regard to due balance.

(3) The law shall organize the duties of the public service and shall as well, determine the terms of service and the rights of the employees.

Article 141. Employees Justice Chamber
(1) There shall be established by federal or State law an Employees Justice Chamber for employees in public service, having competence to consider and determine the grievances of employees; and the law shall specify its functions and powers. The supervision and appointment of
the president of the Chamber shall be by the President of the Republic or the Governor as the case may be.

(2) Decisions of the Employees Justice Chamber shall be final, not to be reviewed by courts.

CHAPTER III  GENERAL ELECTIONS BOARD

Article 142. (1) There shall be established an independent organ to be known as the " General Elections Board ". Its chairman and members shall be appointed by the President of the Republic with the approval of the National Assembly. They shall be persons of efficiency, impartiality and propriety. The Board shall be responsible to the President of the Republic and the National Assembly for its work.

(2) The Board shall be the sole and only body to assume the following functions :-
  1. preparation of the general electoral roll, and its revision annually;
  2. conduct of the elections for the Presidency of the Republic, deputies in the National and State Assemblies and in local councils in accordance with the law;
  3. any general referendum in accordance with the Constitution;
  4. fair and equal introduction of candidates to the electorate in the means of public address and communication;
  5. any other electoral functions as the law may specify or the President of the Republic may assign to the Board.
(3) The law shall specify the rules, powers,procedure and terms of service of employees of the General Elections Board .
(4) The law shall organize the system of the general electoral roll, the general rules and measures of elections and the procedure of conducting the same.

CHAPTER IV  GENERAL AUDITING CHAMBER

Article 143. (1) There shall be established an independent organ to be known as the, "General Auditing Chamber". Its president who is the Auditor General and all other members of leadership of the Chamber shall be appointed by the President of the Republic with the approval of the National Assembly. The leadership shall be responsible to the President of the Republic and the National Assembly.

(2) The General Auditing Chamber shall assume auditing of the accounts of the federal executive organs, the National Assembly, and the Judiciary, as will as federal public organs, institutions, corporations and companies.

(3) The President of the Republic may assign to the General Auditing Chamber, the auditing of the accounts of the States, on of any other private or public body.

(4) The law shall organize the General Auditing Chamber and specify the functions and terms of service of its employees.

CHAPTER V  PUBLIC GRIEVANCES AND CORRECTIONS BOARD

Article 144 (1) There shall be established an independent organ, to be known as the " Public Grievances and Corrections Board". Its president and members shall be appointed by the President of the Republic with the approval of the National Assembly from persons of efficiency and propriety. The Board shall be responsible to the President of the Republic and the Assembly.

(2) Without prejudice to the jurisdiction of the Judiciary, the Board shall work at the federal level to clear away grievances, assure efficiency and purity in the practice of the State and in systems, or the final executive or aacts, and also to extend justice after the final decisions of the institutions of justice.

(3) The shall work in co-ordination with the various organs of the State and submit its recommendations to the President of the Republic, the National Assembly or any public organ.

(4) The law shall regulate the functions, procedure and terms of service of the employees of the Board.

(5) There shall be established public grievances and corrections boards in the States by state law observing accordance with the foregoing provisions