STATE OF EMERGENCY AND DECLARATION OF WAR

CHAPTER I  STATE OF EMERGENCY

Article 145. Declaration of the state of emergency
(1) The President of the Republic may, upon the occurrence or approach of any emergent danger, whether it is war, invasion, blockade, disaster or epidemics, as may threaten the country, or any part thereof or the safety or economy of the same, declare the state of emergency in the country, or in any part thereof, in accordance with the Constitution and the law.

(2) The declaration of the state of emergency shall be submitted to the National Assembly within fifteen days of its issue. When the Assembly is not in session, an emergency meeting shall be convoked .

(3) When the National Assembly approves the declaration of the state of emergency, there shall continue the effect of any law as may have been standing for the state of emergency or any exceptional order.

Article 146. Powers of the President of the Republic
The President of the Republic may during the state of emergency take by virtue of law or exceptional order any of the following measures:
(a) to suspend part or all the provisions provided for in the constitutional freedoms, sanctities and rights Chapter. There shall not therein be infringement of the freedom from slavery or torture, the right of non- discrimination only for race, sex or religious creed, the right and sanctity in litigation or the right of innocence and defence;
(b) to dissolve or suspend any of the State organs or suspend such powers, as may be conferred upon the States under the Constitution. The President of the Republic shall assume the functions of such organs and exercise the powers or prescribe the manner in which the affairs of the State concerned may be managed;
(c) to issue any such measures as he may deem necrespoto the state of emergency, and such measures shall have the force of law.

Article 147. Powers of the National Assembly
(1) The National Assembly may approve the extension of the state of emergency.

(2) The President of the Republic shall submit to the Assembly every exceptional measures as he may take for the state of emergency and the Assembly may pass, amend or revoke any exceptional order.

Article 147. Duration of the state of emergency
The duration of the measures of the state of emergency shall expire in the following cases :-
(a) lapse of thirty days of the issue of the declaration if the National Assembly does not approve by a resolution the extension of its term;
(b) lapse of the term resolved by the National Assembly;
(c) issue of a declaration by the President of the Republic lifting the state of emergency.

CHAPTER II  DECLARATION OF WAR

Article 148. The President of the Republic shall declare war whenever he decides that the country is subject to external aggression; and the declaration shall upon approval of the National Assembly be legally in force.